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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *diŋe
Meaning: to win
Russian meaning: побеждать
Turkic: *jẹŋ-
Mongolian: *dejil-
Tungus-Manchu: *diŋe-
Comments: KW 92. A Western isogloss. The Turkic and Mong. forms are no doubt related, but Ramstedt treats them both as derived from *deg- 'top'. Since we divide the traditional reconstruction of the latter root into *di̯òge and *tēga (q. v.), such a derivation seems less plausible. The Ud. form diŋe-, albeit isolated in TM, also supports deriving Turk. *jẹŋ- and Mong. dejil- from a separate root.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jẹŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to win
Russian meaning: побеждать
Karakhanid: jeŋ- (MK)
Turkish: jen-
Tatar: ǯiŋ-
Middle Turkic: jeŋ- (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jeŋ-
Uighur: jäŋ-
Azerbaidzhan: jen-, jin- (dial.)
Turkmen: jeŋ-
Khakassian: čiŋ-
Shor: neŋ-, neg-
Oyrat: jeŋ-, d́eŋ-
Halaj: jeŋg-
Chuvash: śǝn-
Kirghiz: ǯeŋ-
Kazakh: žeŋ-
Noghai: jeŋ-
Bashkir: jeŋ-
Balkar: ǯeŋ-
Gagauz: jen-
Karaim: jeŋg-, jeń-
Karakalpak: žeŋ-
Kumyk: jeŋ-
Comments: EDT 942, ЭСТЯ 4, 187, Лексика 576. Ramstedt's hypothesis of *jeŋ- being derived from *jeg- 'better, top' could be accepted, but the Ud. parallel diŋe- makes it questionable. We prefer to regard -ŋ- here as the root consonant.

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *dejil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to win
Russian meaning: побеждать
Written Mongolian: dejil-, dejile- (L 246)
Khalkha: dijl-
Buriat: dīle-
Kalmuck: dīl-
Ordos: dīl-
Comments: KW 92.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *diŋe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to press; to win
Russian meaning: давить; побеждать
Udighe: diŋe-
Comments: ТМС 1, 207. Attested only in Ud., but having probable Turk. and Mong. parallels.

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