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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kéro
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to fight, kill
Russian meaning: драться, убивать
Turkic: *gEröĺ-
Mongolian: *kere-
Tungus-Manchu: *kere-, *kerbe-
Korean: *kūr-
Japanese: *kǝ́r-
Comments: EAS 146, KW 227, Poppe 18, 79, Murayama 1962, 110. Cf. *kàra.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *gErüĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to quarrel, fight, wrestle
Russian meaning: ссориться, драться, бороться
Old Turkic: keriš- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: keriš- (MK), küreš- (MK, KB)
Turkish: güreš-
Tatar: köräš-
Middle Turkic: küreš- (MA), güreš- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: kuraš-
Uighur: küräš-
Azerbaidzhan: güläš-
Turkmen: göreš-
Khakassian: küres-
Shor: küreš-
Oyrat: keriš-, küreš-
Chuvash: kǝreš-
Yakut: küres 'wrestling'
Tuva: xüres-
Tofalar: xireš-, xüreš- ; xire- 'to start a fight'
Kirghiz: keriš-, küröš-
Kazakh: keris-, küres-
Noghai: küres-
Bashkir: köräš-
Balkar: küreš-
Gagauz: güreš-
Karaim: küreš-
Karakalpak: keris-, güres-
Kumyk: küreš- (dial.)
Comments: EDT 747-748, ЭСТЯ 3, 79-81, 5, 50-51, Федотов 1, 280. The peculiar variation of keriš- and küreš- in old sources allows perhaps to reconstruct the original shape *geröĺ-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kere-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to quarrel, to fight 2 to be angry
Russian meaning: 1 ссориться, драться 2 сердиться
Written Mongolian: kere-, kereldü- (L 457) 1, kereče- 2
Middle Mongolian: kere- (SH), kiräldu- (MA), keurde- (IM) 1
Khalkha: xerelde- 1
Buriat: xerelde- 1
Kalmuck: keṛldǝ- 1
Ordos: kerelde-
Dagur: xerǝldǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: kerēlde- 1
Monguor: kǝrēdi- 1 (SM 198), (MGCD kǝreldǝ-), kǝrū 'quarrel' (SM 199)
Mogol: kerälda-; ZM keräldu- (17-3b)
Comments: KW 227, MGCD 344, 345.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kere-, *kerbe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 kill 2 to fine 3 to slander 4 to revenge
Russian meaning: 1 убивать 2 штрафовать 3 клеветать 4 мстить
Evenki: kerbe- 1, keremī- 3, keremǯu bi- 4
Literary Manchu: keru-le- 2, keru-n 'fine'
Comments: ТМС 1, 381, 452, 453, 454.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kūr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, deprecate
Russian meaning: ругать, порицать
Modern Korean: kul- (arch.)
Middle Korean: kūr-
Comments: Nam 62, KED 217. Cf. also MKor. kòr'ǝ̄p- 'to be rude, coarse' (Nam 51), modern kol 'anger' (KED 156).
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kǝ́r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to kill 2 to curse
Russian meaning: 1 убивать 2 ругать
Old Japanese: koros- 1, kor- 2
Middle Japanese: kórós- 1
Tokyo: kòros- 1
Kyoto: kórós- 1
Kagoshima: korós- 1
Nase: kùrùs-
Shuri: kùrús-
Hateruma: ku_̀r_às-
Yonakuni: kùr-
Comments: JLTT 713.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *KVrV
Meaning: anger, fight
Indo-European: *kar(w)-
Altaic: *kéro
Uralic: *karV; also *kira 'swear' 316
Kartvelian: Georg. ḳrul- 'curse, damn'; ḳriv- 'boxen, mit den Fäusten kämpfen'.
Dravidian: *kir_-; *kor_ 'be angry' (Tel 1051)
Comments: Several roots have to be sorted out: cf. also PD *ker_- 'to kill' (a Tamil-Tulu-Malto, maybe also Telugu, isogloss; DEDR 1981); *kar_- 'anger, enmity' (1866); ? PIE *ḱormo- "Qual, Schmerz' (WP 1, 463). Cf. *ḳarV, *kwVrV.
References: ОСНЯ 1, 301. Cf. ND 657 *g[i]rV 'to hate, be hostile' (Drav. *kir_ + SH *gry/*gyr; very dubious IE); ND 1124 *ḳarV 'to curse, scold, be hostile'.
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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kar(w)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to offend, to punish
Old Greek: kárnǟ f.: kárnē = zdēmía Hsch., autókarnos = autozdḗmios Hsch.
Slavic: *korъ; *korī́tī; *kā́rā, *kārātī
Baltic: *kar̂- (2) vb. tr.
Germanic: *xarw-i- adj., *xarw-ia- vb.
Latin: carināre `höhnen, spotten'
Celtic: OIrl caire `Tadel', OCymr cared `nequitiae'; Cymr caredd, Corn cara, MBret carez `Tadel'
Russ. meaning: обижать, наказывать
References: WP I 353
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: кор
Near etymology: "оскорбление, брань", только стар.; сюда же уко́р, поко́р "упрек, порицание, позор", на переко́р, ст.-слав. оукоръ ὕβρις, цслав. коръ, болг. кор, сюда же: кори́ться, по-кори́ть, укр. кори́ти "укорять, порицать", болг. коря́ "порицаю", сербохорв. ко̀рити, ко̀ри̑м "укорять", словен. koríti "наказывать", чеш. kořiti "смирять, преклонять голову перед к.-л.", слвц. kоrit᾽, польск. korzyć "унижать, смирять", в.-луж. po-korić; другая ступень чередования: кара́ть, ка́ра.
Further etymology: Родственно лтш. karinât "дразнить, раздражать", вост.-лит. kìrinti -- то же, греч. κάρνη ̇ ζημία. αὑτόκαρνος ̇ αὑτοζήμιος (Гесихий), лат. carināre "поносить, высмеивать", др.-ирл. c̨aire "упрек"; см. Бернекер 1, 578 и сл.; Бецценбергер у Стокса 71; Вальде--Гофм. 1, 168 и сл. Не связано, по-видимому, с лит. kãrias "войско", kãras "война", др.-перс. kāra- "войско, народ", ирл. cuire "войско", гот. harjis, д.-в.-н. heri -- то же, греч. κοίρανος "военачальник, повелитель" (вопреки Фику (1, 377), Траутману (ВSW 118), И. Шмидту (Verw. 51)), а также с русск.-цслав. чаръ "чары, волшебство" (вопреки Ильинскому, РФВ 61, 238).
Pages: 2,320-321
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kar̂- (2) vb. tr.
Meaning: worry, trouble
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lettish: àizkar̂t 'anrühren, berühren, antasten, beleidigen', àizkar̂tiês 'sich beleidigt, verletzt fühlen'; karinât 'wiederholt anfassen, zergen, zerren, necken, reizen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xarwia-, *xarwian- vb.
Meaning: offend
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: herfilig-r `verächtlich'
Norwegian: herveleg
Old English: hierwan `beschimpfen, verachten, verspotten'
East Frisian: Fris ferhēre `vespotten'
Middle Low German: herwen `herb machen'
Old High German: { harawēn `entzürnen, verspotten' }
Middle High German: har(e), hɛr(e) (harewer, hɛrewer; harwer, hɛrwer) 'herb, bitter'; hɛrwe, hɛrbe, md. harwe st. f. 'herbkeit'; { herwen `verspotten' }
German: herb
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oengl,germet-eastfris,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 845
Root: kar-1
English meaning: to scold, punish
German meaning: `schmähen, strafen'
Material: Gr. κάρνη ζημία, αὐτόκαρνος αὐτοζήμιος Hes.;

    lat. carinō, -āre `höhnen, spotten' (wohl );

    air. caire f. `Tadel', acymr. cared `nequitiae', cymr. caredd `Fehler', corn. cara `tadeln', mbret. carez `Tadel' (*kr̥i̯ā);

    ahd. harawēn, mhd. herwen `verspotten', ags. hierwan `verachten, verspotten', anord. herfiligr `verächtlich, erniedrigend', mhd. here, herwer `herb', finn. Lw. karvas `amarus'; tiefstufig ags. gehornian `beleidigen';

    lett. karināt `necken, reizen'; ablaut. ostlit. kìrinti ds.;

    aksl. korъ, u-korъ `contumelia', u-koriti `schmähen', po-koriti `unterwerfen', čech. po-kora `Demut', po-korný `demütig', ablaut. serb.-ksl. kara f. `Streit', čech. kára `Vorwurf, Strafe', usw.;

    vielleicht hierher toch. A kärn-, В karn- `quälen'.

References: WP. I 353, WH. I 168 f.; Trautmann 118 stellt die bsl. Wörter zu idg. kori̯o-, s. dort.
Pages: 530
PIE database: PIE database
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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 250
Proto: *karV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to be afraid, scared
German meaning: sich fürchten, erschrecken
Udmurt (Votyak): kurdal- (K) 'sich fürchten, erschrecken', kurdat- 'schrecken'
Khanty (Ostyak): kur- (V Vj.) 'sich hüten, Angst empfinden', χori- (O) 'sich hüten, sich fürchten', kori̮ (Vj.), χŏrǝ (Kr.), χori (O) 'scheu'
Mansi (Vogul): kour- (KO), kur- (P), χuraχl- (So.) 'fürchten', χurim- (So.) 'erschrecken', χuri (N) 'furchtsam'
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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kir_-
Meaning : anger, angry; displeased
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kir_-
Proto-Telugu : *cir_-
Brahui : kir-ēng
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-bra,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kir_-
Meaning : angry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cir_ukku (cir_ukki-)
Tamil meaning : to be angry with
Tamil derivates : cer_u (-v-, -nt-) to hate, dislike, detest, be angry with; (-pp-, -tt-) to be angry at, detest; n. anger; cer_unar, cer_uvar, cer_r_ār, cer_r_ōr foes; cer_umpu, cer_al hatred; cer_r_am hatred, aversion, irrepressible anger, love-quarrel; cirar_r_u (cirar_r_i-) to be angry with
Kannada : kīr_u
Kannada meaning : to rage, burn with rage or great desire
Kannada derivates : keraḷ to become angry, begin to rage; keraḷcu to enrage (or with DEDR 1961)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kir_-
Number in DED : 1597
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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *kir_-
Meaning : anger
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ? cirv- (cirt-) "to be angry with"
Toda : kɨr_k "violent anger, madness"
Notes : Kota cirv- < Tamil cer_u?
Number in DED : 1597
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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *cir_r_-
Meaning : anger, displeasure
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : cir_r_a
Dialectal forms (1) : cir_r_u
Additional forms : Also cir_acir_a sullenness, ill-humour; cer_acer_al-āḍu to be angry or furious; keralu to be angry or enraged (or with 1961)
Number in DED : 1597
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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : kir-ēng
Meaning : abuse
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Additional forms : Also BRA kirk grudge, rancour
Number in DED : 1597
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