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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ič`V ( ~ -č-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: small; young of animals
Russian meaning: маленький; детеныш
Turkic: *kičük /-g
Mongolian: *kičig
Comments: KW 233, VEWT 269, АПиПЯЯ 284. A Turkic-Mongolian isogloss; loan is not excluded (see Clark 1980, 43, Щербак 1997, 164), thus the PA antiquity is dubious (cf. also TMN 3, 628-631). The Turkic form may actually be the same root as the somewhat later attested *güčük 'puppy' (see ЭСТЯ 3, 92-93) - which may also be the source of MMong. güčüg; in this case one should rather consider a possibility of comparing Mong. gičige, Khalkha gičij 'bitch' and Evk. guske 'wolf', gusketkēn 'wolf's cub' (ТМС 1, 175).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *kičük /-g
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small, little
Russian meaning: маленький
Old Turkic: kičig (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: kičüg (MK)
Turkish: küčük, kiči (dial.)
Tatar: keče
Middle Turkic: kičik (IM, AH, Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: kičik
Uighur: kičik
Sary-Yughur: kɨčiɣ
Azerbaidzhan: kičik
Turkmen: kiči
Khakassian: kǝčǝg
Oyrat: kičü
Chuvash: kǝźǝn
Yakut: kuččuguj
Dolgan: kuččuguj, küččügüj
Kirghiz: kičǖ
Kazakh: kǝši
Noghai: kiškej
Bashkir: kese
Balkar: gičče
Gagauz: küčük, küǯük
Karaim: kičkenä
Karakalpak: kǝši
Salar: kiǯi
Comments: VEWT 269, EDT 696, ЭСТЯ 5, 75-77, Stachowski 159, 163. On Turk. > Hung. kis 'small' see Gombocz 1912.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kičig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: puppy, young of dog
Russian meaning: щенок
Written Mongolian: kičig
Middle Mongolian: güčük (HY)
Kalmuck: kičǝg
Dongxian: kiǯǝu
Shary-Yoghur: gǝčig
Comments: KW 233, MGCD 300. Evn. köčükēn, kučukēn 'sm, little child' (ТМС 1, 421) should be regarded as a loan < Mong.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-kal,monget-dun,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳuc(w)V
Meaning: small
Indo-European: ? *gʷais-
Altaic: *k`ič`V ( ~ -č-)
Uralic: *känčV ~ *käč3 (cf. also *käńćV~ *käćV ) ?
Kartvelian: *ḳuć̣-
Dravidian: *ko(n)c-
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *gʷais-
Meaning: small, to diminish
Old Greek: bai̯ó-, hom. [ē]bai̯ó- `gering, wenig, schwach'
Baltic: *gaĩš- vb. intr.
Germanic: *kwis-t-ia- vb., *kwis-t-iō f.
Russ. meaning: маленький, уменьшать(ся)
References: WP I 528
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *gaĩš- vb. intr.
Meaning: disappear, go out
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: gaĩšti `schwinden, vergehen, Zeit trödeln', gaišìnti `vernichten, vertilgen, vertrödeln'
Lettish: gàist (-stu, -su) 'schwinden, vergehen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *kwistian- vb., *kwistiō
Meaning: destroy, press, torment
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: kʷistjan wk. `destroy, subject to torment', fra-, us-kʷistjan `id.', *fra-kʷistnan wk. `perish, be destroyed'
Danish: dial. qvista `press'
Middle Dutch: te quiste gaen `te gronde gaan'; quisten `spillen, verspillen; te loor gaan'
Dutch: kwistig; verkwisten
Middle Low German: quist st. f. `torment'; quisten `vernietigen, verkwisten'
Old High German: quist st. f. `torment' ; ar-, firquisten `verderben (tr.)'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-dan,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 268
Proto: *känčV ~ *käč3
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: narrow
German meaning: schmal, eng
Saam (Lapp): gæcce, gæ'ʒʒe (Friis) 'tenuis, arctus, angustus', gä̀dtsee (Malå) 'schmal', kience (T), kieinc (Kld.), kiecc (Not.) 'schmal, eng, knapp' ?
Hungarian: keskëny 'schmal, eng' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-ugr,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳuć̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: размельчать
English meaning: to crush (pulverize)
Georgian: ḳuc̣-
Megrel: ḳuč̣-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): маленький
Megrel meaning (Eng.): small
Svan: ḳoč̣-
Svan meaning (Rus.): маленький
Svan meaning (Eng.): small
Notes and references: EWK 214. Ср. ПСК *kwɨ̆rč̣Ĕ 'детеныш' (без -r- ср. ПЦ *ḳuč̣V 'щенок', ПЗК *kʷǝč̣́ǝ 'цыпленок').
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *ko(n)c-
Meaning : little, few; small; mean, humble
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *konc-
Proto-Telugu : *konc-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *konc-
Meaning : small; mean
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koccai
Tamil meaning : meanness, despicableness; mean, despicable person
Tamil derivates : koccu small, young; koccan_ young boy; koñcam little, small quantity; koñcan_ mean person
Malayalam : koccu
Malayalam meaning : short, small, young, mean; (also koccan) little boy, stunted fruit
Malayalam derivates : kocci girl; koñcam a little; koññu a young stunted coconut
Kannada : koñca, koñce
Kannada meaning : a little, littleness, inferiority
Proto-Nilgiri : *Koc
Number in DED : 2041
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *Koc
Meaning : humbled, low (comm. by PSS)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : kwɨč
Number in DED : 2041
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *konc-
Meaning : a little, a few; deficiency, contempt; little, few, slight, mean, deficient
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : koncemu
Number in DED : 2041
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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