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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ńi̯ṓĺe ( ~ -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: green, vegetable
Russian meaning: зелень, овощи
Turkic: *jāĺ-ɨl
Mongolian: *ǯöl(ü)ge
Tungus-Manchu: *ńoli-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jāĺ-ɨl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 green 2 yellow
Russian meaning: 1 зеленый 2 желтый
Old Turkic: jašɨl (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: jašɨl (MK, KB) 1
Turkish: ješil 1
Tatar: jɛšel 1
Middle Turkic: jašɨl (MA) 1
Uzbek: jašil 1
Uighur: ješil 1
Sary-Yughur: jahsɨl 1
Azerbaidzhan: jašɨl 1
Turkmen: jāšɨl 1
Khakassian: čazɨl 1
Shor: čažɨl (R.) 1
Oyrat: d́ažɨl 1
Halaj: ja:šɨl 1
Chuvash: śulźa, śulǯa, śъvъlś 'leaf' ( = Bashk. jäšelsä 'greens, vegetables')
Yakut: saha-r- 2
Dolgan: haha-r- 2
Kirghiz: ǯašɨl 1
Kazakh: žasɨl 1
Noghai: jasɨl 1
Bashkir: jäšel 1
Balkar: žašil 1
Gagauz: ješil 1
Karaim: ješli 1
Karakalpak: žasɨl 1
Salar: jäšil 1
Kumyk: jašɨl 1
Comments: Derived from PT *jāĺ 'young, green vegetables' (OUygh. jaš, MK jaš, Turkm. jāš, see ЭСТЯ 4, 162, EDT 975, 976, Федотов 2, 134, Stachowski 93). This root is often mixed with homophonous *jāĺ 'tear' and *jāĺ 'age, year', see ЭСТЯ 4, 161-164 (all three roots have different Altaic etymologies). Turk. > Mong. jasil 'buckthorn' (Clark 1980, 41).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ǯöl(ü)ge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: green meadow
Russian meaning: зеленый луг
Written Mongolian: ǯölge (L 1085: ǯülge)
Middle Mongolian: ǯolge (SH, see TMN 1, 295)
Khalkha: ʒüleg
Buriat: zülge
Kalmuck: zölgǝ
Monguor: čorgō 'vallée avec une rivière au milieu' (SM 440)
Comments: KW 477. Mong. > Kirgh. ǯülgö etc., see ЭСТЯ 4, 37-38, TMN 1, 295.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńoli-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 green moss, green mould 2 bluish 3 bruise 4 greenish
Russian meaning: 1 зеленый мох, зеленая плесень 2 синеватый 3 синяк 4 зеленоватый
Literary Manchu: ńolmon 1
Ulcha: ńolǯokto 3
Orok: nōlto / ńōlto 3
Nanai: ńolā 2
Oroch: noligi 4
Udighe: ńoliɣi, ńolo 2, 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 601-603 (to be distinguished from *ńog-!).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ńȫĺe
Meaning: to sprout; green
Altaic: *ńi̯ṓĺe ( ~ -i)
Uralic: *ńulkV 'fir tree'?
Dravidian: SDR *mUḷ- 'to spring, sprout' (SDR 4185; DEDR 4997)
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 654
Proto: *ńulkV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: a k. of fir-tree
German meaning: Weisstanne, Edeltanne; Abies
Mari (Cheremis): nŭlɣo (V), nulɣo (U B) 'Edeltanne, Weißtanne'
Udmurt (Votyak): ńi̮l-pu (S), ńǝ̑l-pǝ̑ (K) 'Weißtanne, Silbertanne, Pechtanne', ńị̑l-pu (G) 'Abies pichta', ńules (S K G) 'Wald'
Komi (Zyrian): ńi̮l (S), ńi̮v (P), ńøl (PO) 'sibirische Tanne; Abies pichta'
Khanty (Ostyak): ńălki̮ (V), ńătχǝ (DN) 'Weißtanne', ńălχa (O) 'Silbertanne' ( > Nen. ńalk 'Edeltanne, Silbertanne'
Mansi (Vogul): ńolē̮ (TJ), ńol (KU), ńul (P), ńuli (So.) 'Weißtanne; Pichta', ńuläś (N) 'Weißtannenwald', ńuliś (N) 'Tannenwald'
Selkup: njulg (Ta.), njŭlgȇ, njulgэ (Ke.), njulg(a) (N), ńölg͔ (Ty.) 'Weißtanne'
Kamass: noлɣo, naлɣo
Sammalahti's version: FP *n'ulka
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-samm2,

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