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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bŭsi ( ~ -o-, -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: kidney {}
Russian meaning: почка {}
Turkic: *bögse(k) < *bös-ge(k)
Mongolian: *büse
Tungus-Manchu: *bosa-kta
Comments: A Western isogloss - but cf. also MKor. khòŋ-phắs 'kidney' (khòŋ 'bean'), where phắs is also folk-etymologically analysed as 'bean', but may in fact continue the same Altaic root.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bögse(k) < *bös-ge(k)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a part of human or animal trunk
Russian meaning: часть туловища
Old Turkic: bögsig 'some part of body (belly?)' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bökseg 'woman's breast; upper part of chest' (MK)
Tatar: büksɛ 'belly; bird crop'
Middle Turkic: bökse 'the part of a human or animal body above the waist' (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bụksa 'side part of the body below the breast and down to the hip; (dial.) lower part of body'
Chuvash: pǝʷźexe 'crop'
Yakut: böskö-j- 'to appear abdominous'
Tuva: böskek 'bird's breast'
Tofalar: böksek 'bird's breast'
Kirghiz: böksö 'side of body; foot-hill'
Bashkir: bükɵä 'short person (abusive)'
Balkar: böksün 'half of animal carcass'
Comments: EDT 329, VEWT 84, 83, ЭСТЯ 2, 213-214, Лексика 278. Forms without -k meaning 'buttock' or 'lower part of body' are most probably borrowed < Mong. *bögse, having quite different origin (see under *pi̯oko) - although some contaminations were not excluded.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *büse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: belt
Russian meaning: пояс
Written Mongolian: büse (L 151)
Middle Mongolian: buse (HY 23, SH), busä (IM), busä̆ (MA), būse (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: büs(en)
Buriat: behe
Kalmuck: büsǝ
Ordos: büse
Dongxian: pišie
Baoan: se
Dagur: bese, buse (Тод. Даг. 126, MD 122)
Shary-Yoghur: pǝsē
Monguor: puʒǝ, busǝ (Huzu)
Comments: KW 69, MGCD 179. Mong. > Evk. buse, see Doerfer MT 94.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bosa-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kidney
Russian meaning: почка
Evenki: bosokto
Even: bostъ̣
Negidal: boxokto
Spoken Manchu: bošǝqu, bosǝqu 'kidneys' (92)
Literary Manchu: bosχo
Ulcha: bosoqto
Orok: bosoqto
Nanai: bosoqto
Udighe: bōkto
Solon: bosokto
Comments: ТМС 1, 97. TM > Dag. basarta (Тод. Даг. 125).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *bišV ( ~ -č`-)
Meaning: bile
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bis-(t)lV 'желчь' (Pok. 102)
Altaic: *bŭsi
Uralic: *piša
Dravidian: *pic- (?) (also *paC- green, yellow)
References: МССНЯ 340; ND 1814 *pišV 'gall'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *bistl-i-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bile
Latin: bīlis, -is f. `Galle (als Flüssigkeit)'
Celtic: Cymr bustl `Galle', OCorn bistel `Galle', Bret bestl `Galle' (*bistlo-, bistli-)
Russ. meaning: желчь
References: WP II 111
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 170
Root: bis-(t)li-
English meaning: gall
German meaning: `Galle'?
Material: Lat. bīlis (*bislis, alter *bistlis) f. `Galle'; cymr. bustl m., acorn. bistel, bret. bestl (*bis-tlo-, -tli-) `Galle'; gallo-rom. *bistlos (Wartburg).
References: WP. II 111, WH. I 105 f.
Pages: 102
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 785
Proto: *piša
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: gall > green; yellow
German meaning: Galle > grün; gelb
Mordovian: piže (E), piža (M) 'grün; blau'
Nenets (Yurak): pad́e (O) 'Galle', pad́e jīlaχā 'grün', pad́erāχā 'gallenfarbig, gelb'
Enets (Yen): fóreʔ (Ch.), fódeʔ (B) 'Galle'
Nganasan (Tawgi): fáta
Selkup: pătэ (Ta.), patte, patta (Ke.), pāt, pāte (Ty.) 'Galle', patelča- 'färben'
Kamass: pada 'Galle'
Addenda: Koib. poda; Mot. hadì̮de; Taig. паттанге́ 'grün'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mrd,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-add,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *pic-
Meaning : mad; bile
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *pic-/*puc-
Proto-Telugu : *picc-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *pic-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *pis-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *pic-/*puc-
Meaning : mad
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : piccu
Tamil meaning : bile, madness
Tamil derivates : piccan_ madman; fem. picci
Malayalam : piccu
Malayalam meaning : madness
Malayalam derivates : piccan madman
Kannada : peccu, paccu, puccu
Kannada meaning : madness
Kannada derivates : pecca madman
Proto-Nilgiri : *puc
Notes : An unexplainable variation in vocalism occurs here: this is, in fact, the only case of such a variation in the P_C context.
Number in DED : 4142
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *puc
Meaning : anger
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : puc "madness"
Toda : püc
Number in DED : 4142
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *picc-
Meaning : madness, silliness, folly; mad, silly, foolish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : picci
Dialectal forms (1) : picca
Additional forms : Also pisa ignorance, foolishness
Number in DED : 4142
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *pic-
Meaning : mad
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Naiki : pisak
Kondekor Gadba : piceṭe "mad woman"
Number in DED : 4142
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *pis-
Meaning : mad (woman)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *pis-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *pis-
Meaning : mad
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Maria Gondi (Lind) : pisa "mad woman"
Adilabad Gondi : pisol "(SR) mad woman"
Additional forms : Also (Hislop) pisal id.
Number in DED : 4142
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_l,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVCV
Meaning : bitter, gall ?
Eurasiatic : *bišV ( ~ -č`-)
Amerind (misc.) : *paska 'bitter' (R 60) [+ A K](? or to Alt. *p`ĕk`V ?); *apati (in fact *paCi) 'liver' (R 435) [+ A K]
Reference : GE 70 *pis.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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