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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ḗra
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bee
Russian meaning: пчела
Turkic: *ārɨ
Mongolian: *herbekei
Tungus-Manchu: *perē-
Korean: *pǝ̄r-
Japanese: *pátí
Comments: Martin 226, АПИПЯЯ 67, Лексика 186.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ārɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wasp, bee
Russian meaning: пчела, оса
Karakhanid: arɨ (MK)
Turkish: arɨ
Middle Turkic: arɨ (Sangl., Pav. C., Qutb), aru (AH)
Uzbek: ari, tukli ari 'humble-bee'
Uighur: hɛrɛ
Azerbaidzhan: arɨ
Turkmen: arɨ, ārɨ (ЭСТЯ)
Khakassian: ār, tüktig ār 'hornet'
Oyrat: arū
Halaj: hārɨ
Chuvash: tǝgǝld-ora 'humble-bee' ? (tǝgǝl 'shaggy')
Yakut: ɨŋɨrɨa
Tuva: arɨ, Todzh. harɨ
Kirghiz: ārɨ
Kazakh: ara, tükti ara 'humble-bee'
Gagauz: ārɨ
Karakalpak: hɛrre
Comments: VEWT 25, EDT 196-197, TMN 2, 47, ЭСТЯ 1, 186-187, Лексика 186, Ашм. XV, 23, Федотов 2, 213-214. Turk. > Mong. ari (not vice versa, despite Щербак 1997, 100).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *herbekei
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: butterfly
Russian meaning: бабочка
Written Mongolian: erbekei, erbeɣekei (L 319)
Middle Mongolian: xerbegai (HY 12), hirbäkäi (MA)
Khalkha: ervēxij
Buriat: erbēxej
Kalmuck: erwɛ̄kɛ̄
Ordos: erwēkī
Dongxian: hǝbǝɣǝi
Monguor: xalege (SM 152), xelige, xalige (Huzu), xerbuge (MGCD)
Comments: KW 127, MGCD 264.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *perē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bumble-bee
Russian meaning: шмель
Evenki: herēptin (Вас.)
Comments: Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pǝ̄r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bee
Russian meaning: пчела
Modern Korean: pǝ̄l
Middle Korean: pǝ̄r, pǝ̄ri
Comments: Liu 375, 379, HMCH 50, Nam 254, KED 764.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pátí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bee
Russian meaning: пчела
Old Japanese: pati
Middle Japanese: fátí
Tokyo: hàchi
Kyoto: háchí
Kagoshima: háchì
Comments: JLTT 401.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVrV
Meaning: bee
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *p`ḗra
Uralic: *pora / *pāre 'gadfly' (SKES 449)
Dravidian: *per-
References: МССНЯ 358; ND 1776 *ṗarʡ[i] 'stinging insect'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *per-
Meaning : a k. of bee
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *per-
Proto-Telugu : *per-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *per-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *par-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *per-
Meaning : bee; honey
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : piracam
Tamil meaning : pollen, honey, honey-comb, toddy, bee, beetle, wasp
Tamil derivates : ? peruntēn_ honey secreted by bees; large-sized honey bee (or with 4411)
Tulu : perya
Tulu meaning : a large bee
Tulu derivates : periya neyi honey
Proto-Nilgiri : *per-
Number in DED : 4412
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *per-
Meaning : sp. bee
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : peš tȫn
Number in DED : 4412
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *per-
Meaning : honeycomb, beehive
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : pera
Additional forms : Also perayī̃ga a kind of honey bee
Number in DED : 4412
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *per-
Meaning : bee
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kinwat Kolami : pera "a kind of bee"
Kolami (Setumadhava Rao) : perāpotte
Additional forms : Also Kolami_Kin pera taṭṭa hive of bees
Number in DED : 4412
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kol_kin,kogaet-kol_sr,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *par-
Meaning : hornet, bee
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *parṛi
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kui,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *parṛi
Meaning : hornet, bee
Kui : parṛi "hornet"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : pṛāri (i.e. prāṛi) "wasp"
Kuwi (Israel) : parṛi "a wild bee"
Number in DED : 3985
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVRV
Meaning : bee, insect
Eurasiatic : *ṗVrV
Afroasiatic : Ar. faraʕ- 'lice' (?), Chad. *pVr- 'fly, mosquito'
Sino-Caucasian : *pŏrV́
Amerind (misc.) : *polunk (? *poru-) 'mosquito, wasp, bee' (R 482)
Reference : ND 1776.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *pŏrV́
Meaning: a k. of small bird or insect
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *pŏrV ( ~-l-)
Sino-Tibetan: *Pra
Burushaski: *phirán
Basque: *pinpiRin
Comments and references : MCGD 2. In PST - a confusion with *pāHV q.v. NSC 61 *pVrV.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *pŏrV ( ~-l-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bee; butterfly
Proto-Nakh: *par-lu
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *pira
Proto-Tsezian: *pɔr
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *par-lu (~-ō-,-ā-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: butterfly
Chechen: polla
Comments: Since there is no Ing. form, several vocalic reconstructions for PN are possible. We assume that the final -la is a suffix, thus the original Inlaut resonant may have been -r- or -l-.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *pira
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bee
Andian language: pera
Akhvakh: hera
Chamalal: pijã
Tindi: pera
Karata: pera
Botlikh: pera
Bagvalal: pera
Godoberi: pera
Comments: Cf. also Akhv. Tseg., Tl. peru, Ratl. pera, Cham. Gig. pera.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-btl,aandet-bgv,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *per B (~-ɨ-,-ǝ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bee
Khvarshi: par
Inkhokvari: por
Comments: PTsKh *pǝr.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *[Pra / Pja]
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bird, fowl
Tibetan: bja bird, fowl, hen.
Lushai: KC > Sho phăyo bird.
Comments: Angami Naga pera fowl; Kanauri pya; Rgyarung prye fowl. Sh. 49, 134; Ben. 46.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *phirán
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: 1 moth 2 spider
Yasin: pherán 1
Hunza: phirán 2
Nagar: phirán 2
Comments: T. 9078.2? [Pk. pheraṇa- `turning'??]
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *pinpilin
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: butterfly
High Navarrese: pinpilin-pauxa, pinpilin-poxa
Lapurdian: pinpirin(a), pinpilin-pauxa
Comments: A worldwide reduplicated word for 'butterfly', but that does not exclude the Basque-NCaucasian cognacy. The second element -poxa, -pauxa resembles -posa in Spanish mariposa, thought by some to come from a nursery rhyme "Maria, posa ..." ('Mary, perch ...').
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-anv,basqet-lab,basqet-comments,

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