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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ṓre
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: top
Russian meaning: вершина
Turkic: *ȫr-
Mongolian: *horaj, *horgil
Tungus-Manchu: *pora-n
Japanese: *pǝrǝ
Comments: Cf. also WMong. orbaji- 'in die Höhe stehen, emporragen', MTurk. orpat-, örpet- id. (KW 290). Despite Doerfer MT 39, TM cannot be borrowed from Mong. Cf. *ṓŕi.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ȫr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rise 2 up, above
Russian meaning: 1 подниматься 2 верх, наверху
Old Turkic: ör- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ör- 1 (MK)
Turkish: ör 2, (dial.) ör- 1
Tatar: ür 2, ür- 1
Middle Turkic: ör 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ọr 2
Uighur: ör 2
Sary-Yughur: ür 2
Turkmen: ȫr-
Halaj: här-äk- 1
Yakut: ürüt 'upper part'
Dolgan: örüt, öttü 'side', örüte 'above'
Kirghiz: ör 2
Kazakh: ör 2, ör- 1
Noghai: ör 2
Bashkir: ür 2, ür- 1
Balkar: ör 2
Karakalpak: ör 2
Kumyk: ör 2
Comments: EDT 195, VEWT 373, ЭСТЯ 1, 542-544, Stachowsi 200, 253. Cf. also OT örgin 'throne' (EDT 225), Chag. örük 'tent' (ЭСТЯ 1, 546) - which should be kept distinct from the later borrowed (from Mong., see under *ōŕi) örge 'tent', see Clark 1977, 142.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *horaj, *horgil
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: top, top of head
Russian meaning: вершина, макушка
Written Mongolian: orai (L 621: orui), orgil (L 618)
Middle Mongolian: xorai (SH), xorgil (SH), hurai (MA)
Khalkha: oroj, orgil
Buriat: oroj
Kalmuck: orā
Ordos: orȫ
Baoan: xoro
Dagur: oŕē (MD 203), xor
Mogol: ZM orei (1-8a)
Comments: KW 287-288, MGCD 531. Mong. > Kirgh., Kaz. oraj etc. (VEWT 364, ЭСТЯ 1, 473).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pora-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 top (of head), top 2 tuft, forelock
Russian meaning: 1 макушка, вершина 2 вихор
Evenki: xoron 1
Negidal: xojo(n) 1
Spoken Manchu: forǝn, forun (2068)
Literary Manchu: foron 2
Ulcha: poro(n) 1
Orok: poro(n) 1
Nanai: porõ 1
Oroch: xō(n) 'space above'
Udighe: xō(n) 'above' (postp.)
Solon: orō̃ 'mountain pass'
Comments: ТМС 2, 334.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pǝrǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: top of carriage
Russian meaning: верх (экипажа)
Tokyo: hóro
Kyoto: hórò
Kagoshima: hórò
Comments: The Jpn. form can be compared with other Altaic forms if it is historically distinct from *pǝrǝ 'cloak on armour' ( < PA *p`i̯ole q.v.). Accentologically both words are identical and equally irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVrV
Meaning: mountain, top
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *perw-
Altaic: *p`ṓre
Kartvelian: Georg. prialo 'крутой утес'; ? *par- 'to cover'
Dravidian: *par- 'pebble, gravel' (3959); *pār_- 'rock, stone slab' (4121)
Comments: [Cf. also: SDr *bōr-ai 'hill'; TM *bori- 'hill' - ND 219b *borV].
References: ND 1760a *P_Aru/ü 'stone, rock', 1779 *ṗorEʕV 'summit, top' (2 roots?).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *perw-, *perōun-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: some deity
Hittite: Piru̯a- `a k. of superior deity'; peruna- (piruna-) c. 'Fels' (Friedrich 167), pirwa- 'bestimmte Art von Felsen (auch als Gottheiten)' (170)
Tokharian: ? A pāreṃ 'rock, stone'
Old Indian: párvata- m., parvatí-, parvatī́ f. `mountain, hill, rock'; paru- m. `mountain (L.)'
Avestan: paurvatā-
Old Greek: kerau̯nó-s m. `Donnerkeil, Wetterstrahl, Blitz'
Slavic: *perūnъ, *peronъ (под влиянием *tъronъ)
Russ. meaning: бог горной вершины, громовержец
References: ?
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: перу́н,
Near etymology: род. п. -уна́ "молния" (Ломоносов, Державин, Батюшков), укр. перу́н "гром", блр. пяру́н, чеш. реrun "гром", польск. piorun -- то же, сюда же сербохорв. перу̀ника "касатик (бот.), ирис", словен. peruníka -- то же, далее связано с реrǫ, рьrаti "бить, поражать"; см. пере́ть II и сл.
Pages: 3,246
vasmer-general,vasmer-pages,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *par-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: покрывать
English meaning: to cover
Georgian: par-
Megrel: por-
Svan: par-, pr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 187, EWK 348. Ср. алт. *p`iōŕV 'верх' (или *buri 'покрывать').
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : pebble
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *par-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *par-s-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-koga,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : grain, pebble
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paral
Tamil meaning : pebble, seed, stone of fruit
Tamil derivates : parukkai, parukkai-kkal small pebbles; paru-maṇal grit, sandstone
Malayalam : paral
Malayalam meaning : grit, coarse grain, gravel, cowry shell
Kannada : paral, paraḷ
Kannada meaning : pebble, stone
Kannada derivates : haraḷu castor oil plant; haraḷ-eṇṇe, (Hal.) hallɛnne castor oil
Kodagu : para
Kodagu meaning : pebble
Tulu : parelụ
Tulu meaning : grain of sand, grit, gravel; grain of corn, etc.; castor seed
Tulu derivates : pareldeṇṇè, (B-K) pareleṇṇe castor oil; par(a)pu a sandbed
Proto-Nilgiri : *par-ǝl
Number in DED : 3959
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *par-ǝl
Meaning : pebble, one grain (of any grain)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : parl
Number in DED : 3959
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *par-s-
Meaning : gravel
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kinwat Kolami : parca
Number in DED : 3959
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kol_kin,kogaet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVRV
Meaning : mountain, top
Eurasiatic : *ṗVrV
Afroasiatic : *far-
Reference : ND 1760a, 1779.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *far-
Meaning: climb
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *pVrVʕ- 'climb'
Berber: *fVrir- 'keep on the surface' (?)
Egyptian: fꜣy 'raise high'
Western Chadic: *PVr- 'up, upwards' (?)
Central Chadic: *far- 'raise'
East Chadic: *par- 'climb'
Saho-Afar: *far- 'climb'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-sho,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 421
Proto-Semitic: *pVrVʕ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'climb'
Arabic: frʕ [-a-]
Notes: Sem *-ʕ- finds no support in other branches of HS.
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,semet-notes,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *fVrir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'keep on the surface'
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): i-frir
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-qbl,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: fꜣy
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'raise high'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *PVr-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: up, upwards
Dera=Kanakuru: pórò [NmK]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-der,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *far-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: raise
Malgwa: fáre [Lr]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-zgh,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *par-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'climb'
Mobu (dial. Kwang): pare (pl.) [CTC]
Notes: Note that Mobu has no sg.
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-mob,echet-notes,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *far-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'climb'
Saho: for
Afar (Danakil): fär
Notes: Secondary -o- in Saho.
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,shoet-afar,shoet-notes,

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