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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯uge(ŕV)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: river, small river
Russian meaning: река, речка
Turkic: *ügüŕ (~ *ö-)
Mongolian: *üjer
Tungus-Manchu: *ugē(r)- / *ug-be(n)
Korean: *jǝ̀hɨ́r
Japanese: *ùrà
Comments: KW 456, Владимирцов 323, (Turk.-Mong.), PKE 63 (Kor.-Turk.). Low tone in Jpn. (not matching the low tone in Kor.) is probably due to contraction. The Mong. form cannot be separated, despite TMN 2, 156 ("lautgesetzlich mit der tü. Form nichts zu tun"). One should also note PTM *üge-n 'river duct' (Neg. īɣen, Ud. jogo-so, Ul. ui-n, ТМС 1, 297, 2, 250); PT *ögen (OUygh. ögen, Oyr. ȫn).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ügüŕ (~ *ö-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small river
Russian meaning: речка
Old Turkic: ügüz (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ügüz (MK, KB)
Middle Turkic: Kypch. ochus (CCum.)
Uighur: ögüz
Sary-Yughur: ügüz
Khakassian: ǖs
Comments: VEWT 369, EDT 119-120, TMN 2, 156, Лексика 90.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *üjer
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flood, freshet
Russian meaning: поток, наводнение
Written Mongolian: üjer (L 1002)
Middle Mongolian: ujer (HY 4)
Khalkha: üjer
Buriat: üjer
Kalmuck: üjr
Ordos: üjer
Dagur: ujir
Shary-Yoghur: ǖr
Comments: KW 456, MGCD 691, TMN 2, 156. Mong. > Tuva üjer (see Лексика 90).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ugē(r)- / *ug-be(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wave 2 jet 3 river rift
Russian meaning: 1 волна 2 струя, рябь, зыбь 3 порог (на реке), перекат
Evenki: ūɣe 1, dial. uwē, uwge-
Negidal: uwē 1, ubge-n 3
Literary Manchu: were-n 2
Ulcha: ugbe(n) 3
Nanai: wẽ 1, ugbẽ 3
Oroch: uwe 1, 2
Udighe: (Корм. 219), ue 1, 2, ugbe(n) 3
Comments: ТМС 1,132; 2, 243, 247.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *jǝ̀hɨ́r
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shallow place
Russian meaning: отмель
Modern Korean: jǝul
Middle Korean: jǝ̀hɨ́r
Comments: Nam 374, KED 1165.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ùrà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bay, coast
Russian meaning: залив, побережье
Old Japanese: ura
Middle Japanese: ùrà
Tokyo: urá
Kyoto: úrà
Kagoshima: urá
Comments: JLTT 563.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *HVgV(rV)
Meaning: water basin, river
Indo-European: *ag'her-
Altaic: *i̯uge(ŕV)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'iɣʷǝ-
Comments: (Cf. *ʕEḳu )
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ag'her-
Meaning: lake
Old Greek: Akhérōn; akheroúsia = hǘdata helṓdē Hsch.
Slavic: *ezero, *ezerъ
Baltic: *aǯer-a-, *eǯar-a-, *aǯar-a- n.
Russ. meaning: озеро
References: Fraenkel 125
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: о́зеро,
Near etymology: диал. о́зер, тамб. (Даль), укр. о́зеро, др.-русск. озеро, ст.-слав. ѥзеро, ѥзеръ м. λίμνη, болг. е́зеро, сербохорв. jе̏зеро, словен. jеzе̑rо, jе̑zеrо, jе̑zеr м., jézera ж., чеш. jеzеrо, слвц. jаzеrо, польск. jezioro, в.-луж. jezor, н.-луж. jazor. Диал. на́зири = на озере; см. Долобко, ZfslPh 3, 131. Сюда же местн. н. Зеруто -- озеро в Витебск. губ.; см. Соболевский, ZfslPh 2, 52.
Further etymology: Родственно лит. ẽžeras, ãžеrаs "озеро, пруд", лтш. ęzęrs -- то же, др.-прусск. аssаrаn -- то же; см. Бернекер 1, 455; М.--Э. 1, 572; Эндзелин, СБЭ 197. Далее сюда же относят греч. ᾽Αχέρων -- название реки в преисподней, ἀχερούσια ̇ ὕδατα ἑλώδη (Гесихий), иллир. ᾽Οσεριάτες; см. Прельвиц, ВВ 24, 106; Кречмер, "Glotta", 14, 97 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 73; Арr. Sprd. 304 и сл.; сомнения в связи с греч. словами ввиду наличия ἀ- высказывает Мейе (ВSL 25, 11 и сл.; 29, 38 и сл.), сближающий о́зеро с яз (см.). Ср. сербохорв. па̀клени jа̑з = па̀клено jе̏зеро.
Trubachev's comments: [Относительно озеро см. еще Мошинский, JР, 37, 1957, стр. 299. -- Т.]
Pages: 3,125
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *aǯer-a-, *eǯar-a-, *aǯar-a- n.
Meaning: lake
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: ẽžera-s, dial. ãžera-s 'See'
Lettish: ęzęrs, ęzars 'See; Mühlenstauung'
Old Prussian: assaran 'See' Voc. 60
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ijvǝ- (~ *ijɣʷ ǝ)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): глубокий, низкий
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *iʒbǝ-
Proto-Itelmen: *'izu-
Comments: Ср. *ew- 'долина' (666).
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *iʒbǝ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): глубокий (о тарелке, яме) 1, пол 2
Koryak: iwjí-tqǝ-n 2
Alutor: īvǝ- 1
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-kor,chuket-alu,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *'izu-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): низкий
Itelmen: 'izu-lah 1, 'izu-se-kes 2
Itelmen meaning: низкий 1, понижаться 2
West Itelmen: 'izu-leɣ 1, n-ezoɣ-az 2
West Itelmen meaning: humilis 1, deprimere, in inferiorem locum detrudere 2
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): niski 1, zniżać, poniżać 2
Number in Volodin 1976: 46, 50
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-vol,

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