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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ǯ[i̯ō]ŕo
Meaning: a big number
Russian meaning: большое число
Turkic: *jǖŕ
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯir-
Korean: *jǝ́rh
Japanese: *dǝ̀rǝ̀-
Comments: Whitman 1985, 129, 243 (Kor.-Jpn.). The root presents considerable difficulties, and the reconstruction is by no means certain. Phonetically: in PT one should expect rather *jūŕ; the Jpn.-Kor. tone does not correspond to PT length; Kor. *j- is quite exceptional (a better match for Kor. would be perhaps Mong. *je(r)-sün 'nine', *jeri-n 'ninety' (Ozawa 32-33 compares Mong. with Jpn., but initial *d- in Jpn. is an unsurmountable obstacle ); in Kor. cf. also jǝ̀rǝ́h 'a big quantity, number'). Criticism see in TMN 4, 222. Still the Manchu-Jpn. match seems plausible, and some irregularities could be explained by contaminations or tabooistic reasons.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jǖŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hundred
Russian meaning: сто
Old Turkic: jüz (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jüz (MK)
Turkish: jüz
Tatar: jöz
Middle Turkic: jüz (MA, AH)
Uzbek: juz
Uighur: juz
Sary-Yughur: juz, jöz
Azerbaidzhan: jüz
Turkmen: jǖz
Khakassian: čüs
Shor: čüs
Oyrat: jüs, d́üs
Halaj: jǖz
Chuvash: śǝʷr
Yakut: sǖs
Dolgan: hǖs
Tuva: čüs
Tofalar: čüs
Kirghiz: ǯüz
Kazakh: žüz
Noghai: jüz
Bashkir: jöδ
Balkar: ǯüz, züz
Gagauz: üz
Karaim: jüz, juź, jiz, iz
Karakalpak: žüz
Salar: jüz
Kumyk: jüz, juz
Comments: EDT 983, VEWT 213, ЭСТЯ 4, 260 (Turkm. jüz), Лексика 574, Stachowski 117.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a very big number
Russian meaning: очень большое число
Literary Manchu: ǯiri, ǯirun
Comments: ТМС 1, 259, 260. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *jǝ́rh
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ten
Russian meaning: десять
Modern Korean: jǝl
Middle Korean: jǝ́r (jǝ́rh-)
Comments: Nam 376, KED 1178.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *dǝ̀rǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ten thousand
Russian meaning: десять тысяч
Old Japanese: joro-du
Middle Japanese: jòrò-du
Tokyo: yorozu
Comments: JLTT 577.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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