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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *maja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fail, be unsuccessful, be spoiled
Russian meaning: не иметь удачи, не удаваться
Evenki: maja-
Even: maj-
Negidal: maja-
Literary Manchu: maja- 'disappear'
Orok: maja-
Nanai: maj- (Он.), mańa-
Oroch: maj-maki- 'to lack, be absent'
Udighe: maja-, majasi- (Корм. 258)
Comments: ТМС 1, 521.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *maja
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to miss, fail, bad luck
Russian meaning: не удаваться, неудача
Turkic: *bAńɨ-
Mongolian: *maɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *maja-
Comments: A Western isogloss. ОСНЯ 3, 50-51; Дыбо 13. PT *bańɨ- regularly < *majɨ- (with nasalization not lost completely, but shifted to the *-j-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bAńɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fade away, disappear, weaken
Russian meaning: исчезать, слабеть
Karakhanid: majɨš- (MK)
Turkish: bajɨ-l-
Azerbaidzhan: bajɨl-
Khakassian: majɨl-
Tuva: bajla-
Kirghiz: bajɨ-
Gagauz: bajɨl-
Karaim: bajɨl-
Comments: ОСНЯ 2, 50, EDT 773, ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *maɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bad
Russian meaning: плохой
Written Mongolian: maɣu (L 520)
Middle Mongolian: mau'un (HY 55), ma'u(n) (SH), māwu (IM), mu, măwu (MA)
Khalkha:
Buriat:
Kalmuck:
Ordos:
Dongxian: mau (MGCD mou)
Baoan: mu (MGCD moŋ)
Dagur: mō (Тод. Даг. 154)
Shary-Yoghur:
Monguor: mụ̄ (SM 243), (MGCD mau)
Comments: KW 269, MGCD 493, TMN 1, 495-496.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mVjV
Meaning: to weaken, disappear
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mō-
Altaic: *maja
Uralic: *maja ? (ОСНЯ)
Dravidian: *māj-
References: ОСНЯ 3, 48f; ND 1514 *maXyV 'to lose force, weaken, disappear, be worn out' (+ Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *mō-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to strain, to torment
Old Greek: mō̂lo-s m. `Kampf, Getümmel', mō̂lü-, -üos `geschwächt (auch geistig), erschöpft, weich', adv. á-moton `unaufhörlich, unermüdlich', á-moto- adj.
Slavic: *mā́jātī, *mā́jǭ
Baltic: *mōl-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *mō-ja- vb., *mṓ-ɵ-a- adj., *mṓ-ɵ-i- adj.
Latin: mōlēs, -is f. `wuchtige Masse, Damm, Kriegsapparat, Heeresmasse; Last, Schwere; Anstrengung, Mühe'', mōlior, -īrī `mit Anstrengung in Bewegung setzen; schaffen, unternehmen; im Schilde führen; sich abmühen', mōlestus, -a `beschwerlich, lästig; gezwungen, gekünstelt'
Russ. meaning: напрягать, мучить
References: WP II 301 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ма́ять,
Near etymology: ма́ю I., -ся, мая́, маета́ "мучение", болг. ма́я "затягиваю, нарушаю".
Further etymology: Родственно д.-в.-н. muоеn "трудиться, стараться", ср.-в.-н. müen, muowen, д.-в.-н. muohî ж. "труд", гот. afmauiþs "утомленный", д.-в.-н. muodi "усталый", греч. μῶλος "тягота, труд", μώλυς "ослабевший, исчерпанный, тупой", лат. mōlēs "тяжесть, масса"; см. И. Шмидт, KZ 26, 5; Сольмсен, Beitr. gr. Wortf. 170; Unters. gr. Lautl. 268; Френкель, IF Anz. 44, 90; Бернекер 2, 7 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 188; Зубатый, AfslPh 16, 399; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 101 и сл.
Pages: 2,587
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *mōl-ē̂- vb.
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: { pri-si-muolēti `prisvarginti' }
baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *mōjan-, *mṓɵa-, *mṓɵia-
Meaning: tired, exhausted
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ptc. af-mɔ̄iɵ-s wk. `weary'
Old Norse: mōδ-r `müde, ermattet'
Norwegian: mod
Danish: mod
Old English: mēɵe `müde, betrübt'
Old Saxon: mōthi `müde'
Middle Dutch: moede; moeyen, mōyen `moeite veroorzaken, lastig vallen, vermoeien'; moeye `Mühe, Schmerz'
Dutch: moede, moe; moeijen
Middle Low German: mȫyen; mȫye `Mühe, Schmerz'; mȫde adj.
Old High German: muoen (8.Jh.) `beunrühigen, beschweren'; muodi (8.Jh.) `müde'; muo(h)ī (um 1000) `Mühe, Schmerz'
Middle High German: müen, müewen, müejen (/ muogen, muon, müegen, muonen, md. mūwen, mō wen, mōgen, mūhen, mūn) `beschweren, quälen, bekümmern, verdriessen, sich bemühen'; müeje, müe st. f. 'Beschwerde, Last, Not, Bekümmernis, Verdriess'; müede, muode adj.
German: müde, mühen
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1319
Root: mō-, mo-lo-
English meaning: to strain oneself
German meaning: `sich mühen'
Material: Gr. μω̃λος `Anstrengung, Mühe', μωλέω, kret. μωλίω `prozessiere', μω̃λυς `ermattet', vielleicht μόλις `kaum' (ο für ω nach μόγις); ἄ-μοτος `unermüdlich'; lat. mōlēs f. `Last, Masse', Denom. mōlior, -īrī `mit Anstrengung wegschaffen', mŏlestus `verdrießlich, lästig, beschwerlich' (Analogie zu modestus); got. af-mauiþs `ermüdet', ahd. muoan, mhd. müen, müejen `beunruhigen, beschweren', ndl. moeijen `belästigen, bemühen'; ahd. muodi, as. mōði `müde', ags. mēðe `müde, betrübt', aisl. mōðr `müde'; lit. pri-si-muolėti `sich abmühen'; russ. máj-u, -atь `ermüden, plagen', majá, majetá `Plage, harte Anstrengung', usw.
References: WP. II 301 f., WH. II 101 f., Trautmann 188;
See also: wohl zu mē-5.
Pages: 746
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *māj-
Meaning : 1 to disappear 2 to hide
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *māj-
Proto-Telugu : *māj-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *māj-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *māj- (caus. *mā-p-)
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *māj-
Meaning : to hide
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : māy (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to hide, vanish, perish, be annihilated, terminated, die, become lustreless as the setting sun, forget
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to hide, kill, destroy, put an end to; māyccal, māyppu, māyvu death, hiding, vanishing; māccal dying; great suffering; laziness, sloth
Malayalam : māyuka
Malayalam meaning : to grow dim, vanish
Malayalam derivates : māccal vanishing, being blotted out, forgetfulness; māykka to efface, destroy
Kannada : māy
Kannada meaning : to be hidden, disappear, pass away
Kannada derivates : māyisu to cause to disappear; māya disappearance, vanishing; māju to cause to grow dim, cause to disappear, hide, conceal; n. hiding, dissimulation, deceit, fraud; māñju to conceal, suppress the truth; māñjisu to cause to grow dim or disappear
Kodagu : māyaN
Kodagu meaning : disappearance
Tulu : māyuni
Tulu meaning : to be extinguished, put out, evaporate as vapour or fumes, fall off of corn, etc., from being overripe
Tulu derivates : māya disappearance; māyaka, māyika vanishing, fleeting, passing away, disappearing; mājuni to wear away, become dim, be effaced, vanish; mājāvuni to hide, conceal, erase, wipe out, efface; māŋguni to disappear, vanish
Proto-Nilgiri : *mānǯ-
Number in DED : 4814
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *mānʒ-
Meaning : to hide
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : mānj- (mānj-) "to keep secret in one's mind; (menstruation) ceases at menopause"
Toda : mōʒ- (mōj-) "to hide (news, information, secret)"
Additional forms : Also Kota māym (obl. māyt-) disappearance
Notes : Kota māym < PN *māj-ǝm preserves the old root (since *mānʒ- < *māy-nʒ-).
Number in DED : 4814
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *māj-
Meaning : to be destroyed, perish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : māyu
Additional forms : Also māyincu to destroy, annihilate, do away with; māpu to destroy, efface, erase, ruin
Number in DED : 4814
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *māj-
Meaning : to disappear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : māy- "to get lost, disappear"
Ollari Gadba : māyŋ(g)- "to get lost, disappear"
Additional forms : Also Parji māypip- (māypit-) to lose; Ollari māyŋp- (māyŋt-) to lose
Number in DED : 4814
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *māj- (caus. *mā-p-)
Meaning : to be lost
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *māj-
Konda : māp- (-t-)
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *māj-
Meaning : to disappear
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Muria Gondi : māy- "to be lost"
Koya Gondi : māy- "to be lost"
Adilabad Gondi : māyāl āyānā "(SR) to disappear"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_Mu caus. māyih-; Gondi_Ko (Su.) māp- to lose
Number in DED : 4814
Number in CVOTGD : 2792
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : māp- (-t-)
Meaning: to exterminate
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Additional forms : Also Konda māya vanishing or disappearing suddenly; māya ā- to disappear, vanish
Number in DED : 4814
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-addition,konet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : MVJV
Meaning : to weaken, disappear
Eurasiatic : *mVjV
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,

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