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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *q̇wăɫV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bark, crust
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *q̇ʷVli
Proto-Tsezian: *q̇ʷel A
Notes: An And.-Tsez. isogloss. We could perhaps relate here the isolated (within Lezghian) Agul (Burk.) q̇ʷali 'bush', but the semantic difference is still to be explained.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *q̇ʷVli
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: crust, rind
Akhvakh: q̇oli
Comments: Isolated within Andian, but having good Tsezian parallels.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-akv,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *q̇ʷel A
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 bark 2 birch bark
Tsezi: q̇Iul 1
Ginukh: q̇ʷil 1
Khvarshi: q̇ʷel (Radzhibov)
Inkhokvari: q̇Iʷel 1
Bezhta: q̇eq̇el-ba 2
Comments: PTsKh *q̇ʷeR. The Bezht. form is reduplicated (and has a plural suffix -ba).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *q̇wăɫV́
Meaning: bark, skin
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *q̇wăɫV
Burushaski: *ɣVl
Basque: *kVl
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ɣVl
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: scurfs (in hair)
Yasin: ɣel
Hunza: ɣuliáŋ
Nagar: ɣuliáŋ
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *kVl
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 shell (of egg, nut) 2 bark (of tree) 3 (finger-)nail 4 empty chestnut, chestnut shell 5 husk (of maize) 6 chestnut burr
Bizkaian: oskol 1, atz-oskol 3, mokol 1, 5, mokolo 5, koskol 4
Gipuzkoan: koskol 4, 6
High Navarrese: oskol 2
Baztanese: akal 4
Comments: Various compounds (*oś-kol, *koś-kol, *mo-kol(o), *a-kal) involving the element *kVl < PSC *q̇wăɫV́. *mo- and *a- could represent fossilized class prefixes.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bzt,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVRKV
Meaning : fruit
Eurasiatic : *bVrq̇wV
Sino-Caucasian : *pĭ́rqwĂ
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *bVrq̇wV
Meaning: fruit
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhrūg-
Kartvelian: *berq̇en-
Dravidian: *piṛi-k-, -l-
References: ND 257 *b[i]ŕ(uw)q̇a 'edible fruit'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *berq̇en-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лесная груша
English meaning: wild pear
Georgian: berq̇ena
Svan: barq̇wen-, bärq̇en
Svan meaning (Rus.): лесная слива
Svan meaning (Eng.): wild plum
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 54, EWK 51. Интересно сопоставить ПСК *pĭrq_wĂ 'вид фрукта (абрикос, персик)', см. NCED 873.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *piẓi-k-, -l-
Meaning : mango fruit
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *piṛi-k-, *piṛi-l-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-gnd,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *piṛi-k-, *piṛi-l-
Meaning : ripe mango
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : piṛika, pṛīka
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *pṛīl-a
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *pṛi-[l]-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : piṛika, pṛīka
Meaning: green mango
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Konda (Burrow/Bhattacharya) : piṛka
Number in DED : 4184
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-konda_bb,konet-dednum,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *pṛīl-a
Meaning : green mango
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : pṛīla
Manda : pṛīla
Number in DED : 4184
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *pṛi-[l]-
Meaning : unripe mango
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : pṛia
Kuwi (Mahanti) : pṛilā
Notes : The -l- is indeed confirmed by external data, although as a suffix. Therefore, the word may go back to *piṛ-la > Kui *piṛ-ɣa > *pṛi-ɣa > *pṛi-a.
Number in DED : 4184
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_mah,kuiet-notes,kuiet-dednum,

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