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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ḳɔṭV-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Tsezi: ḳoṭono
Ginukh: ḳoṭondiju
Khvarshi: ḳojtu (Radzhibov)
Inkhokvari: ḳottu
Comments: PTsKh *ḳoṭV- (with various suffixation and sometimes with dissimilative deglottalization).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *k_Hǝ̄ṭwV̄/ *k_wHǝ̄ṭV̄
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short;short-eared (hornless) animal
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ḳʷVṭV
Proto-Tsezian: *ḳɔṭV-
Proto-Lak: kuṭa-
Proto-Dargwa: *kuṭ-
Proto-Lezghian: *k:ʷVIṭV-
Proto-West Caucasian: *k:ǝt:ǝ (~g-,-d-)
Notes: The vocalic reconstruction is not very certain because of labialisation shifts; length is postulated primarily on basis of WC evidence (if the PAA voiced stops really go back to strong stops in PWC). Consonantal correspondences are more or less regular (we should mention only the regressive assimilation in Av.-And.-Tsez. and the delabialisation of the dental stop in PWC: rather frequent phenomena in roots consisting of two stops). Note that Arch. kūṭa- 'short' is obviously a Lak. loan.

    Phonetically a perfect match is Khin. ḳuṭa 'puppy'; since it has no other etymology, it may ultimately belong here, too.

    Both meanings - simply 'short' and 'short-eared (animal)' must be postulated already for PEC, since they keep appearing in different subgroups. However, it is hard to reconstruct a definite meaning for PNC (was it 'short' or a 'short-horned animal' or both?).

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ḳʷVṭV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short-eared ram
Akhvakh: ḳʷaṭa
Comments: Isolated in Akhv., but with probable external parallels.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-akv,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: kuṭa-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Lak form: kuṭa-s:a
Comments: Lak. > Arch. kūṭa-t:u-.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *kuṭ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Chiragh: kuṭze
Comments: Cf. also Kait. kuṭi-l id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *k:ʷVIṭV-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 short 2 narrow 3 short-eared ram
Lezghian: güṭü 2
Agul: güṭ 3 (Burk.)
Kryz: gʷädä 1
Budukh: goda 1
Comment: Cf. also Lezg. Kur. gʷeṭi 'narrow'. Initial *gʷ- may be also reconstructed on basis of Lezg. data (but in Lezg. gʷ- may be < *k:ʷ- before the following glottalized stop). In Shakhdagh there occurred an assimilation (-ṭ- > -d-), usual in roots of this type.

    Vocalic quality is not clear (because of reductions in the first syllable); pharyngealization is probable because of front-vocalic reflexes in Lezg. and Ag.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-agu,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *k:ǝt:ǝ (~g-,-d-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hornless (of horned domestic animals)
Abkhaz: a-gdǝ́
Abaza: gdi
Comments: PAT *gǝdǝ (or *gǝdǝ-jǝ > Abaz. gdi).
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *kHǝ̄́ṭwV̄
Meaning: short
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *k_Hǝ̄ṭwV̄/ *k_wHǝ̄ṭV̄
Burushaski: *khuṭ
Basque: *guti
Comments and references : LDC 38. [But perhaps rather Bur. Ys. ɣoṭ `stumm', Hun., Nag. ɣuṭ `deaf; short-eared'].
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *khuṭ
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: short
Hunza: khuṭ
Nagar: khuṭ
Comments: Sh. khúṭo, T. 3895 [Pk. khuṭṭa- `broken', with further unclear matches]
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *guti
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: few, a little
Bizkaian: (gitxi)
Gipuzkoan: (gutxi)
High Navarrese: guti
Low Navarrese: guti
Salazarese: guttu
Lapurdian: guti, gutti
Baztanese: (gutxi)
Zuberoan: gǘti
Comments: Variants with /č/ have been attributed to expressive palatalization, but more likely to a separate etymon: *giči.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-zbr,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVTV
Meaning : small
Eurasiatic : *ḳVṭV
Afroasiatic : *ḳuṭun-
Sino-Caucasian : *kHǝ̄́ṭwV̄
Amerind (misc.) : *ḳuṭi 'small' (R 653)
Reference : ND 1227; GE 86 *ḳuṭ.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVṭV
Meaning: small, young
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kat-
Altaic: ?WMo qotul(i) 'two-year-old marmot, young deer'
Kartvelian: *ḳuṭ-
Dravidian: *guḍ-
References: ND 1227 *ḳUṭV 'small' (w/o Drav.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kat-
Meaning: young one
Slavic: *kotъ `детеныш', *kotītī sę̄
Germanic: *xad=, *xad-in-ōn- f., *xād-Vl-ō(n-) f.
Latin: catulus, -ī m. `Tierjunges, bes. aus dem Geschlecht der Hunde', catellus `Hündchen'
Other Italic: Umbr katel, gen. katles `catulus'
Celtic: MIr cadla, cadhla `Geis'
Russ. meaning: детеныш
References: WP I 454 f
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: коти́ться
Near etymology: "рожать детенышей (о кошках, куницах, хорьках, зайцах, овцах, козах)", укр. коти́тися, кiтна́ (*котьна) "беременная (о животных)", об-кíт, род. п. об-ко́ту "окот (овец)", болг. ко́тя се (коти́л) "котиться", коти́ло "место окота, окот, потомство", сербохорв. (о)ко̀ти̑м, ко̀тити се "щениться, котиться, рожать (в диал. -- обо всех животных)", ко̀тило "место окота", ко̑т, род. ко̏та "выводок (птенцов), с-ко̏тна "беременная (о собаке, лисице и др. животных"), словен. kotíti "котиться", kòt, род. п. kótа "выводок, приплод", skòt, род. п. skótа "детеныш, потомство", чеш. kotiti sе "котиться" польск. kocić się "котиться, ягниться и т. д.", kotna "беременная, суягная", wуkоt "окот", в.-луж. (wо) kócić sо, kóćować "забеременеть".
Further etymology: Первонач. знач. "рожать" (о животных), связь с кошками явно вторична; см. Вальде--Гофм. (1, 183), Маценауэр (48) против Миклошича (Мi. ЕW 135), Бернекера (1, 590); эта связь обусловлена созвучием с кот (см.). Родственно лат. catulus "детеныш, щенок", catellus "собачка", умбр. katel, род. п. katles "catulus", др.-исл. haðna ж. "козленок", ср.-в.-н. hatele ж. "коза", швейцарско-нем. hatle "коза"; см. Вальде--Гофм., там же; Бернекер, там же; Хольтхаузен, Awn. Wb. 103.
Pages: 2,352
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xad=, *xadinōn, *xādVlō(n)
Meaning: goat
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: haδna f. `Ziege'
Norwegian: hadna, hāna
Swedish: dial. häna, hen(n)a
Middle High German: { hatele `Ziege' }
German: schweiz. hatle `Ziege', dial. hattel, hättel, hätte `id.'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 853
Root: kat-2
English meaning: to bear young; animal cub
German meaning: `Junge werfen; Tier junges'
Material: Lat. catulus `Tierjunges, bes. junger Hund oder Katze', umbr. katel, Gen. katles `catulus';

    aisl. haðna f. `junge Ziege', mhd. hatele, nhd.-schweiz. hatle `Ziege';

    slav. kotiti sę (russ. kotítьsja usw.) `Junge werfen', dial. kótьka `Lamm', skr. kot `Brut', poln. wy-kot `Zicklein' usw. (s. Berneker 589 f.).

References: WT. I 338 f., WH. I 183.
Pages: 534
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳuṭ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: (детский) penis; маленький
English meaning: child penis; small
Georgian: ḳuṭ-u 'penis'; ḳuṭ-a 'boy'
Megrel: ḳuṭ-
Svan: ḳōṭ-ol
Svan meaning (Rus.): маленький
Svan meaning (Eng.): small
Laz: ḳuṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 118, EWK 214. Экспрессивная основа, вероятно, кавк. происхождения: ср. ПСК *k_Hǝ̄ṭwV̄ 'короткий' (NCED 690-691). Менее надежным кажется сближение с драв. *kuḍḍ- 'маленький' (ОСНЯ 1, 329-330; так же в Бомхард 1996, 231-232).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *guḍ-
Meaning : small
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *guḍḍ-/*giḍḍ-
Proto-Telugu : *giḍḍ-/*guḍḍ-
Proto-North Dravidian : *guḍ-rū
Brahui : g_h_uḍḍ-ū, guḍḍ-ū
Notes : The forms with -i- in SOuth Drav. languages are not clear.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *guḍḍ-/*giḍḍ-
Meaning : small
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuṭṭam
Tamil meaning : smallness; young of a monkey
Tamil derivates : kuṭṭan_ laddie, lassie, as a term of endearment; kid or lamb; kuṭṭi young of a dog, pig, tiger, etc.; little girl; smallness; kuṭṭai shortness, dwarfishness; kuṭṭ-ēr_u a small bull; kuṇṭai shortness, that which is short and stout
Malayalam : kuṭṭan
Malayalam meaning : boy, lamb, calf
Malayalam derivates : kuṭṭi young of any animal, child (chiefly girl), pupil of eye; kuṭu small, narrow
Kannada : giḍḍu, guḍḍu
Kannada meaning : shortness, smallness
Kannada derivates : giḍḍa dwarf; fem. giḍḍi; guḍḍa dwarf, a boy; smallness, shortness; (Hav.) kuṇṭu short
Kodagu : kuṭṭi
Kodagu meaning : child of any caste except Coorgs; young of animals (except dog, cat, pig)
Tulu : giḍḍa
Tulu meaning : small, short
Tulu derivates : giḍḍe, giḍḍele, giḍye, giḍyele dwarf, short man; fem. giḍḍi, giḍḍu; kuṇṭe a short man, dwarf; kuṇṭi a female dwarf; short; (B-K.) guḍḍu short
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuṭ-/*koṭ-
Number in DED : 1670
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *kuṭ-/*koṭ-
Meaning : short, small (kuṭ xwar_ small shola, kuṭxɨfy short-ears, i. e. tiger)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : kuṭ
Additional forms : Also Toda kwɨṭṇ (voc. kwɨṭā) husband, man younger than a woman speaking, man (suffix in proper names) (for restricted use in all meanings, MBE 1974b, p. 39, 5.67); kwɨṭy wife (very restricted use, ibid., 5.66, 67)
Number in DED : 1670
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *giḍḍ-/*guḍḍ-
Meaning : short, dwarfish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : giḍḍa
Dialectal forms (1) : giṭaka
Additional forms : Also giḍasa id., stunted; (SAN) guḍḍa child
Number in DED : 1670
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *guḍ-rū
Meaning : dwarfish (of persons and animals only)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : guḍrū, guṛrū
Number in DED : 1670
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : g_h_uḍḍ-ū, guḍḍ-ū
Meaning : small; urchin
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 1670
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ḳuṭun-
Meaning: be small
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ḳVṭVn- 'be small, be thin'
Central Chadic: *kutun- 'short, small'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1005
Proto-Semitic: *ḳVṭVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'be small, be thin'
Akkadian: ḳatān- 'be small'
Hebrew: ḳāṭān 'small'
Syrian Aramaic: ḳṭn 'grow thin'
Mandaic Aramaic: ḳotān- 'small'
Arabic: ḳatīn- 'thin iron of a spear' LGz
Epigraphic South Arabian: Sab ḳṭn 'small?'
Geʕez (Ethiopian): ḳṭn 'be thin, fine, lean, etc.' LGz 453
Mehri: ḳáyṭen 'bec. thin' JM 245
Jibbali: East ḳéṭǝn id.
Harsusi: ḳayṭen
Soqotri: ḳǝ́ṭhɔn 'thin'
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-hbr,semet-syr,semet-mnd,semet-ara,semet-sar,semet-gzz,semet-mhr,semet-jib,semet-hss,semet-soq,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *kVtVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'short' 1,' small' 2
Tera: kutun 1 [Kr: 292]
Banana: kíten-ge 2 [Lk: 129]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-ter,cchet-bnn,

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