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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *=Ṽš:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 short 2 thin 3 narrow
Tsezi: niši, nišju 1,2
Ginukh: niššu 2
Khvarshi: niššü 2 (Radzhibov)
Inkhokvari: niššu 2,3
Bezhta: =ašo 1; šušijo 2
Gunzib: =ɔ̃šu 1; šũššu2
Comments: PTsKh *n[e]š(-iju), PGB *=ɔ̃šu (cf. also Khosh. =ä̃ššö, šüšijö). The meaning "thin" in PGB is expressed by a reduplication *šũš(-iju). Vocalic correlations between all these variants are somewhat unclear (traces of Ablaut?).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=V̄lćV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short, narrow
Proto-Nakh: *=ācu-n
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=ičo- / *=očo-
Proto-Tsezian: *=Ṽš:V
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The vocalism is hard to reconstruct (because of variation within PC and PA); otherwise correspondences are regular. Medial *-l- must be reconstructed to account for the PTs nasalisation (but *-n- or *-m- would have given other reflexes).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *=ācu-n
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Chechen: =ōca
Ingush: lɔca
Batsbi: =acũ
Comments: Ing. has a prefixed l-; cf. also Cheb. =ācũ, Shar. =ōcũ etc. For the pure root cf. Chech. =ac-dan, Bacb. =ac-d-ar "to shorten".
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *=ičo- / *=očo-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Andian language: =očo
Akhvakh: =ača-da
Chamalal: =ašaḳu-b
Tindi: =ečaḳu-b
Karata: =ačaḳo-b
Botlikh: =ečeḳi
Bagvalal: =ačaḳu-b
Godoberi: =ačeḳi
Comments: The original form must be probably reconstructed as *=ičo- (cf. Tind. =eča-) with vowel assimilation in most languages. Most Andian (except And. and Akhv.) languages reflect a suffixed form *=ičo-ḳV-. Cf. also Akhv. Tseg. =ača-b 'tight, narrow'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-btl,aandet-bgv,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ćVɫV̆
Meaning: shallow, short
North Caucasian: *=V̄lćV ( < *=V̄ćVlV)
Sino-Tibetan: *ʒ́hĕnH (~-ɫH, -rH)
Burushaski: *śal
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ʒ́hĕnH (~-ɫH, -rH)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: shallow
Chinese: *ćhenʔ shallow.
Burmese: ćańh bar, sand bank.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-burm,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: qiǎn
Preclassic Old Chinese: ćhenʔ (~ -a-)
Classic Old Chinese: chén
Western Han Chinese: chján
Eastern Han Chinese: chján
Early Postclassic Chinese: chjén
Middle Postclassic Chinese: chjén
Late Postclassic Chinese: chjén
Middle Chinese: chjén
English meaning : be shallow, thin
Russian meaning[s]: 1) мелкий; мелководье, мель; посадить (сесть) на мель; 2) неглубокий, поверхностный; простой, элементарный; 3) вульгарный, пошлый; 4) светлый, бледный (о цвете)
Comments: The word does not occur in rhymes, and both *-enʔ and *-anʔ are possible; external evidence seems to be in favour of the former, and so does the loan for *ćēn (MC cien, Pek. jiān) 'to flow rapidly' (Chuci).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 85
Four-angle index: 6801
Karlgren code: 0155 k
Go-on: sen
Kan-on: sen
Japanese reading: sen+;asai+
Vietnamese reading: thiê`n
Jianchuan Bai: ćhĩ1
Dali Bai: ćhi1
Shijing occurrences: 34.1, 35.4
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-go,bigchina-kanon,bigchina-jap,bigchina-viet,bigchina-jianchuan,bigchina-dali,bigchina-shijing,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 1213
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 山開三上獼清
ZIHUI: 3239 1869
Beijing: ćhian 2
Jinan: ćhiã 2
Xi'an: ćhiã 2
Taiyuan: ćhiɛ 2
Hankou: ćhian 2
Chengdu: ćhian 2
Yangzhou: ćhî̃ 2
Suzhou: chî 2
Wenzhou: ćhi 21
Changsha: chiẽ 2
Shuangfeng: chuĩ 2
Nanchang: ćhiɛn 2
Meixian: chiɛn 2
Guangzhou: čhin 21
Xiamen: chian 2 (lit.); chĩ 2
Chaozhou: chieŋ 21
Fuzhou: chieŋ 2
Shanghai: chî 3
Zhongyuan yinyun: chien 2
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *śal
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: shallow
Hunza: śal
Nagar: śal
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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