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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *š:i- (~š-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 what 2 who
Tsezi: šo-w, še-b 1,2
Ginukh: se 1
Bezhta: šižo 1
Gunzib: šijo 1
Comments: PTsKh *ši-, PGB *ši-jo (in Bezht. Tlad. -ž- is a result of assimilation, cf. Khosh. šijo-d). A derived word (from šeb 'what') is Tsez. šebin 'thing'.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *š_i
Meaning: an interrogative pronoun
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *š:V
Proto-Tsezian: *š:i- (~š-)
Proto-Lak: š:i-
Proto-Lezghian: *š:i
Proto-West Caucasian: *š́ǝ (~ *š́:-)
Notes: A common NC interrogative stem. It is used mostly for animated (more rarely - for unanimated) objects in EC languages, but has become an interrogative modifier in PWC (PAT). See Trubetzkoy 1930, 274.
caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *š:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: what, who
Avar: š:i-
Chadakolob: si-
Comments: The root is preserved only in Av. (with changing class suffixes: 1st class - š:i-w, 2d - š:i-j, 3d - š:i-b, pl. š:a-l), but has good external parallels.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: š:i-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: who
Lak form: š:i-
Comments: The stem is used only in oblique cases (gen./erg. š:i-l, dat. š:i-n).
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *š:i
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: who
Lezghian: vu-ž
Tabasaran: fu-ž
Agul: fi-š
Rutul: vɨ-š
Tsakhur: hi-šu
Udi: šu
Comment: Labialized vowel in Udi and Tsakh. is secondary (probably due to a contraction *-i + class marker). Mostly used in conjunction with other interrogative stems, like *ʎ:ʷi-š:i, *hi-š:i; but. cf. Tab. erg. ši-li, Ag. Bursh. erg. š:e (nom. u-š:).

    See Алексеев 1985,74 (this stem is to be distinguished from another PL interrogative pronoun, *šʷi q.v.).

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-udi,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *š́ǝ (~ *š́:-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: how
Abkhaz: -š(ǝ)-
Abaza: -š(ǝ-
Comments: PAT *šǝ (used as a verbal interrogative/relative clause modifier infix). PAT *š can go back to PWC *š́, *š́: or *š́:ʷ.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-comment,

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