Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *ƛ̣[a]lu
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 stone 2 trap
Tsezi: ƛ̣ul-uq̇ 2
Ginukh: ƛ̣al 1
Khvarshi: ƛ̣ar 2
Bezhta: ƛ̣alo 1
Gunzib: ƛ̣ɔlu 1
Comments: PTsKh *ƛ̣aR (the semantic shift 'stone' > 'trap' /probably through 'stone plate, lid'/ is rather common, cf., e.g. the development of PEC *q̇wiɫV 'rock, stone' in Andian languages). PGB *ƛ̣ɔlu (-ɔ- is not quite clear: -a- would be normally expected).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *ƛ̣ăɫŭ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: stone
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ƛ̣alV
Proto-Tsezian: *ƛ̣ɔlu
Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ̣Vl- ( ~ ḳ-)
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Although not widely represented, the etymology seems secure enough.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *ƛ̣alV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 rock, rocky plateau 2 layer 3 lid 4 (paper) leaf
Avar: ṭálu 1, ṭalá 2
Chadakolob: ṭalá 3
Andian language: lala 3
Akhvakh: ƛ̣ala 3
Tindi: ala 3,4
Karata: ƛ̣ala 4
Comments: Av. ṭalú has paradigm C (ṭalú-l, ṭála-bi); ṭalá - paradigm B (ṭalá-dul, ṭul-bí; Chad. ṭoló-l / ṭilí-l, ṭalá-l / ṭulá-l). Av. ṭalá has several meanings: "layer; bee-hive; chimney; floor, tier" (cf. also Kuyad. ala 'chimney' pointing to *ƛ̣ in Proto-Avar). The whole variety of meanings in Avar and Andian languages must be explained by the original semantics "flat stone, stone layer".
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ̣Vl- ( ~ ḳ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: stone for fastening the roof
Agul: ḳele-ħan (Bursh.)
Comment: Attested only in Bursh., but having probable external parallels.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-agu,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ƛ̣ăɫŭ́
Meaning: rock, mountain slope
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ƛ̣ăɫŭ
Burushaski: *talí
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-buru,

Search within this database


Burushaski etymology :

Search within this database
Common Burushaski: *tali
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: slope (of a mountain)
Hunza: talí
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : TVLV
Meaning : stone
Eurasiatic : *ṭ/aj/lV
Afroasiatic : ? *tVlH- 'high ground, hill' (Ar., ECush.) (in ND 2275).
Sino-Caucasian : *ƛ̣ăɫŭ́
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *ṭ/aj/lV
Meaning: stone
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ti̯ṓĺi
Kartvelian: *ṭal-
References: ND 2274 *ti/e(ʔa)ĺo 'stone, heap of stones' (?+ Drav. *ǯall- 'road metal').
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ti̯ṓĺì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Turkic: *diāĺ
Mongolian: *čilaɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯola
Korean: *tōrh
Japanese: *(d)ísì
Comments: EAS 49, 108, KW 444, Владимирцов 145, Poppe 15, 77, Poppe 1974, 133-134, Martin 243, Miller 1970, 129, Street 1980, 301, 1985, 646, АПиПЯЯ 37-38, 71, 92, 277, Дыбо 11, Мудрак Дисс. 196. Certainly not borrowed in Mong. from Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 154. Counterarguments against the etymology by Doerfer (TMN 2, 437-438) are not convincing.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *diāĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Old Turkic: taš (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taš (MK)
Turkish: taš
Tatar: taš
Middle Turkic: taš (MA)
Uzbek: tɔš
Uighur: taš
Sary-Yughur: das
Azerbaidzhan: daš
Turkmen: dāš
Khakassian: tas
Shor: taš
Oyrat: taš
Halaj: tā̊š
Chuvash: čol
Yakut: tās
Dolgan: tās
Tuva: daš
Tofalar: taš, daš
Kirghiz: taš
Kazakh: tas
Noghai: tas
Bashkir: taš
Balkar: taš
Gagauz: taš
Karaim: taš
Karakalpak: tas
Salar: daš
Kumyk: taš
Comments: VEWT 466, TMN 2, 437-8, EDT 557, ЭСТЯ 3, 167-168, Егоров 326, Федотов 2, 421-422, Stachowski 219.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *čilaɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Written Mongolian: čilaɣu(n) (L 182)
Middle Mongolian: čila'un (HY 4, SH)
Khalkha: čulū
Buriat: šulū(n)
Kalmuck: čolūn
Ordos: čilū
Dagur: čolō (Тод. Даг. 182, MD 130)
Shary-Yoghur: čǝlū
Comments: KW 444, MGCD 582.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯola
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Evenki: ǯolo
Even: ǯol
Negidal: ǯolo
Ulcha: ǯolo
Orok: ǯolo
Nanai: ǯolo
Oroch: ǯolo
Udighe: ǯolo
Solon: ǯolo
Comments: ТМС 1, 263. Evk. > Dolg. ǯolo-ptin (see Stachowski 90).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *tōrh
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Modern Korean: tol
Middle Korean: tōr (tōrh-)
Comments: Nam 159, KED 478.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ísì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Old Japanese: isi
Middle Japanese: ísì
Tokyo: ishí
Kyoto: íshi
Kagoshima: íshi
Nase: ìší
Shuri: íšì
Hateruma: ìšì
Comments: JLTT 426.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭal-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кремень
English meaning: flint
Georgian: ṭal-
Svan: ṭol- ( < Megr. *ṭol-)
Notes and references: EWK 324. В МССHЯ 343 сопоставляется с алт. *tiōĺi 'камень'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
4714931548471
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov