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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *qɨma A (~-i- B)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 rain 2 clouds
Tsezi: qema 1
Ginukh: qema 1
Khvarshi: qema 2
Bezhta: qimaro 2 (Khosh)
Comments: PTsKh *qɨma. In Bezht. only the original plural form (meaning 'clouds') is preserved.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-bzt,cezet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ḳ_wɨ̆mhV ( ~ -ɦ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: cloud, fog
Proto-Nakh: *ṭq̇aw
Proto-Tsezian: *qɨma A (~-i- B)
Proto-Lezghian: *k:om:ol
Proto-West Caucasian: *naq̇ʷa
Notes: A reconstruction *ḳ_wɨ̆nhV (with secondary assimilation > *ḳ_wɨ̆mhV in PEC and metathesis > *nhɨ̆ḳ_wV > *naq̇ʷa in PWC) is also not excluded. The Nakh form here is questionable (it can belong here only if PN *ṭq̇ can really reflect PEC *ḳw which is somewhat dubious); all other forms belong together with a high degree of probability.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *ṭq̇aw
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: rain mixed with snow
Chechen: ṭq̇ow
Ingush: ṭq̇ow
Comments: 4th class in both languages. Obl. base *ṭq̇awni- (cf. Chech. ṭq̇ewna-).
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *k:om:ol
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 cloud 2 rheumatism
Lezghian: kp:ul 2
Rutul: gɨbɨl 1,2
Tsakhur: gumɨl' 1
Comment: 4th class in Rut. and Tsakh. (in Tsakh. free variants exist: gɨmɨl', gumɨl' and gumul'). Note the peculiar semantic shift: 'cloud' > 'damp,cold' > 'rheumatism'.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *naq̇ʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fog
Abkhaz: á-naq̇ʷa
Comments: Isolated in Abkh., but having probable parallels in EC.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *xḳwǝ̆́ŋhV
Meaning: fog, mist
North Caucasian: *ḳ_wɨ̆mhV ( ~ -ɦ-)
Yenisseian: *qo(ʔ)ŋ (~χ-)
Basque: *kain
Comments and references : HGC 30, NSC 56 *ḳwVmHV, LDC 26.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *qo(ʔ)ŋ (~χ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fog
Yug: χoaŋ (Кастр.)
Comments: ССЕ 261. Werner 2, 390.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-sym,yenet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *kain
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fog, mist, large storm clouds
Bizkaian: kain
Comments: This word was attested in 1496, in the early text Refranes y sentencias, as {cayna} 'niebla, vaho, nubarrones'.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-comments,

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