Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *ʕaš:-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: thick (of flat objects)
Tsezi: ʕašju
Ginukh: ʕaššu
Bezhta: äšijo (Khosh.)
Gunzib: aššu (Gunz.)
Comments: PTsKh *ʕaš-iju; PGB *aš-iju (cf. also Bezht. Tlad. ʕäššö). With reduplication cf. perhaps also PGB *šeše-ru 'thick (of liquids), dense' (Bezht. Khosh. šeše-ro, Tlad. šeše-rö, Gunz. šeše-ru).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *=HrV̆jś_Ē
Meaning: thick, dense, fat
Proto-Nakh: *=arsṭ-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=iš:-
Proto-Tsezian: *ʕaš:-
Proto-Lezghian: *rɨš:V-
Proto-West Caucasian: *pǝśǝ ( ~ -š-)
Notes: The WC form has a usual labial prefix (a former class marker). Medial *-j- must be reconstructed to account for the development *-ś- > *-sṭ- in PN. Vocalic correspondences are not quite clear (due to the -j- and to the influence of the initial laryngeal); otherwise correspondences are regular.
caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Nakh etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nakh: *=arsṭ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to fatten, become fat
Chechen: =arst-
Ingush: =arst-
Batsbi: =arsṭ-
Comments: Chech. pres. =erst-a. Cf. also the derivate adjective (participle): Chech. =ersta-na, Ing. =ersta 'fat'.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *=iš:-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 fat 2 thick
Chamalal: =es:a- 1
Karata: =eš:a- 1
Godoberi: =iš:i 2
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-chm,aandet-krt,aandet-gdb,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *rɨš:V-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: thick, dense
Rutul: rɨš-dɨ
Tsakhur: rɨš:ɨ-n
Comment: It is not quite clear, whether we should also compare Arch. š:eIle-t:u- 'fat' (with an old reduction of Anlaut and suffixed *-lV- < *-ɨš:V-lV- ?).
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West-Caucasian: *pǝśǝ ( ~ -š-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fat, thick
Abkhaz: a-psǝ́la
Abaza: psǝla
Comments: PAT *pǝśǝ-la (cf. also Bzyb. a-pśǝ́la). The word is an instrumental derivative from a non-attested noun *pǝśǝ 'fat' (*pǝśǝ-la 'with fat').
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-comment,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
7694671615273
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov