Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *hiḳʷǝ A/ *riḳʷǝ A
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man, person
Tsezi: (ž-eḳu)
Ginukh: reḳʷe
Khvarshi: (žiḳʷa)
Inkhokvari: hiḳo
Bezhta: (suḳo)
Gunzib: (suḳu)
Comments: The PTsKh form *hiḳʷǝ / *riḳʷǝ is probably a development of the original *hirḳʷV (although phonetically it is an exceptional case). Most Tsezian languages reflect only an old compound *ži-hirḳʷV > PTs *žiḳʷV q.v.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *HĭrḳwĔ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man, person
Proto-Nakh: *sṭ-aḳ
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *hiḳʷa
Proto-Tsezian: *hiḳʷǝ A/ *riḳʷǝ A
Proto-Lak: -arḳ
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḳ́ʷa
Notes: This root (originally meaning 'person, man') is seldom used independently (only in PA and some Tsezian languages). In EC languages it is most frequently used in a compound with *ćwijo 'man' ('man-person'); in PWC it became a morpheme of Nomina Agentis ("person doing smth."). The etymology seems phonetically and semantically quite plausible.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Nakh etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nakh: *sṭ-aḳ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: person, man
Chechen: stag
Ingush: sag
Batsbi: sṭaḳ
Comments: Obl. base *sṭaḳe-, cf. Chech. stega-, Ing. sago, Bacb. sṭaḳi-. Historically a compound (for the first part cf. PN *psṭu "bull").
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *hiḳʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man, person
Andian language: heḳʷa
Akhvakh: eḳʷa
Chamalal: heḳʷa
Tindi: heḳʷa
Karata: heḳʷa
Botlikh: heḳʷa
Bagvalal: heḳʷa
Godoberi: heḳʷa
Comments: Cf. also Akhv. Tseg. iḳʷa, Tl. iḳo.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-btl,aandet-bgv,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

Search within this database


Lak etymology :

Search within this database
Lak root: -arḳ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: men, people
Lak form: čiw-arḳ
Comments: The root is present only in a compound with čiw- 'man, male' q.v.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

Search within this database


Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West-Caucasian: *ḳ́ʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: suffix of Nomina Agentis
Adyghe: -ḳʷ(a)
Kabardian: -ḳʷa
Ubykh: -ḳ́a
Comments: PAK *-ḳʷa, cf., e.g., Ad. Laž́ā-ḳʷ 'worker' (Laž́a-n 'to work'), Kab. wǝsā-ḳʷa 'poet' (wǝsa 'poem'). In Ub. cf. e.g. fawā́-ḳ́a 'wrestler' (fawǝ́ 'wrestle') etc.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *Hĭr(V)ḳwĔ́
Meaning: man, male
North Caucasian: *HĭrḳwĔ
Sino-Tibetan: *Krǝw (~ -ew, -aw)
Burushaski: *hir
Comments and references : Cauc. may be < *Hĭru-ḳĔ, cf. the plural forms in Bur. (or else Bur. *hir < *hirk?]. Cf. also (BCD 30) Basq. ar 'male'.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,sccet-notes,

Search within this database


Sino-Tibetan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *Krǝw (~ -ew, -aw)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: penis
Tibetan: (C) sgro the penis.
Burmese: khjǝwh penis (of a boy).
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,

Search within this database


Burushaski etymology :

Search within this database
Common Burushaski: *hir
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: man
Yasin: hir, pl. hurí, huríkia
Hunza: hir, pl. hirí
Nagar: hir, pl. hiríkanc
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
4717371548521
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov