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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *χ:ɨl
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hand
Lezghian: ʁil
Tabasaran: χil
Agul: ʁil
Rutul: χɨl
Tsakhur: χɨl
Archi: χol
Comment: Cf. also Lezg. Khl. χil, Tab. Ulz. χ:il, Ag. Bursh. χ:il, Tp. ʁil. Obl. base *χ:ɨle-, cf. Lezg. ʁili-, Tab. χili-, Ag. χili-, Rut. χɨli-, Tsakh. χɨle-. The weak reflex χ- in Archi (χ:- would be expected) may be probably explained by the contamination of PL *χ:ɨl 'hand' and *χäla 'sleeve' q.v. 4th class in Rut., Arch. and Tsakh.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *q_ɨ̆lʔi
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: elbow; arm, wing
Proto-Tsezian: *χ:[ɨ]rV
Proto-Lak: qa
Proto-Lezghian: *χ:ɨl
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Although the Tsezian data are not very secure, the reconstruction seems reliable enough.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *χ:[a]rV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: elbow
Bezhta: χaro (Tlad.)
Comments: Although Bezht. Tlad. χaro 'elbow' is hard to separate from Khosh. haro, Gunz. hɔru etc. (PTs *hɔru q.v.), it has to be done - because the consonantal correspondence "Tlad. χ- : h- in other languages" is absolutely irregular.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-bzt,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: qa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: wing
Lak form: qa
Comments: Cf. Khosr. qa id. An old derivate from the same root is probably Lak. quk ( < *qul-k) 'mitten' ( = Rut. χuluk, Tsakh. χuk 'sleeve').
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *xqwV̆́lʔi
Meaning: elbow, hand
North Caucasian: *q_ɨ̆lʔi
Sino-Tibetan: *khʷĕr (~ ghʷ-)
Burushaski: *galgí
Basque: *hegal
Comments and references : Different in HGC 19. See notes under *χV̆ɫHe.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *khʷĕr (~ ghʷ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fist, hollow of hand with fingers bent
Chinese: *ghʷren fist.
Tibetan: skjor, khjor the hollow of the hand filled with a fluid.
Kiranti: *khVr hand
Comments: Bod. 150. Cf. also BG *k[o]r 'claw', Dhimal khur 'hand'.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: quán
Preclassic Old Chinese: ghʷren
Classic Old Chinese: ghwren
Western Han Chinese: ghwrjan
Eastern Han Chinese: ghwran
Early Postclassic Chinese: ghwen
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ghwen
Late Postclassic Chinese: ghwen
Middle Chinese: gwen
English meaning : fist; strength
Russian meaning[s]: кулак; сжимать(ся) в кулак; бить кулаком; боксировать; бокс
Comments: Schüssler (p. 500) thinks that the word is the same as 卷 *ghʷren 'be bent, curved, curled' q.v. ("what is curled" = "fist"), which is dubious. For *ghʷ- cf. Xiamen khuŋ2, Chaozhou khuŋ2, Longdu khian2.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 64
Four-angle index: 3281
Karlgren code: 0226 g
Vietnamese reading: quyền
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 938
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 山合三平仙群
ZIHUI: 2938 2001
Beijing: ćhyan 12
Jinan: ćhyã 12
Xi'an: ćhyã 12
Taiyuan: ćhyɛ 1
Hankou: chuan 12
Chengdu: ćhyan 12
Yangzhou: ćhyî̃ 12
Suzhou: ʒ́iö 12
Wenzhou: ʒ́y 12
Changsha: ćyẽ 12
Shuangfeng: duĩ 12
Nanchang: ćhyɔn 12
Meixian: khian 12
Guangzhou: khyn 12
Xiamen: khuan 12 (lit.); khuŋ 12
Chaozhou: khuŋ 12
Fuzhou: kuŋ 12
Shanghai: ćyö 32
Zhongyuan yinyun: khyen 12
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *khVr
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: hand
Kaling: khɔr.L
Dumi: khɨr
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-kal,kiret-dum,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: khɨr
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: hand, lower arm (from elbow to fingertips); front paw
Comments: cf. pakhɨr.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-comments,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *galgí
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: wing; fin
Yasin: galgí
Hunza: galgí
Nagar: galgí
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *hegal
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 wing 2 loin, flank (of cow) 3 fin (of fish)
Bizkaian: egal 2
High Navarrese: egal 1, 3
Low Navarrese: hegal 1, 3
Salazarese: magal 1
Lapurdian: hegal 1, 3
Baztanese: egal 1
Zuberoan: hegal 1, 3
Roncalese: egal 1, magal 1
Comments: This word has other secondary meanings: 'eave (of roof)', edge (of table)', 'brim (of hat)', etc. Cf. *hega- 'to fly', which may have contaminated this word (i.e., original *e=gal, changed to *hegal). The magal forms are either blended with *maga-l 'lap, flank' (q.v.), or a prefixed formation with the fossilized prefix *ma=.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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