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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *χi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Chechen: χi
Ingush: χij
Batsbi: χi
Comments: Cf. Chech. dat. χi-na. 3d class in all languages.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *x_ä̆nɦɨ̆
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Proto-Nakh: *χi
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʎ:inʔi
Proto-Tsezian: *ʎ:ɨ̃ B
Proto-Lak: š:in
Proto-Dargwa: *xin
Proto-Lezghian: *ʎ:än:
Proto-Khinalug: xu
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. One of the most widely preserved and stable roots (having, however, left no trace in PWC). See Trubetzkoy 1922, 239.

    Cf. also Hurr. šijǝ 'water, river' (if we suppose a palatalisation *x- > š- before front vowels in HU), see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 49.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ʎ:inʔi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Avar: ʎ:im
Chadakolob: ʎim
Andian language: ʎ:en
Akhvakh: ʎ:eni
Chamalal: ʎ:ī̃
Tindi: ʎ:ẽ
Karata: ʎ:ẽji
Botlikh: ʎ:eni
Bagvalal: ʎ:ẽ
Godoberi: ʎ:eni
Comments: Av. paradigm C ( ʎ:a-dá-l/ʎ:e-l, ʎ:ína-l). Cf. also Akhv. Tseg. ʎ:in, Bagv. Tlis. ʎ:ẽji, Kar. Tok. ʎ:in.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-btl,aandet-bgv,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ʎ:ɨ̃ B
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Tsezi: ʎi
Ginukh: ʎe
Khvarshi: ʎã
Inkhokvari: ʎõ
Bezhta: ʎi
Gunzib: ʎɨ̃
Comments: PTsKh *ʎǝ̃, PGB *ʎɨ̃. Cf. also PGB *ʎɨ̃-ki-ju 'liquid' (Bezht. Tlad. ʎikkö, Khosh. ʎikijo, Gunz. ʎɨ̃kku).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: š:in
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Lak form: š:in
Comments: 4th class. Obl. base š:ina-.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *xin
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Akusha: šin
Chiragh: šin
Comments: Cf. also Ur., Kub. šin, Sirg. hin (the latter pointing to PD *x-).
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʎ:än:
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Lezghian: jad
Tabasaran: šid
Agul: xed
Rutul: xäd
Tsakhur: x́an
Kryz: xäd
Budukh: xǝd
Archi: ʎ:an
Udi: χe
Comment: Obl. base *ʎ:in:ɨ-, cf. Lezg. c:i, Khl. jic:i, Tab. št:u- (Düb. šit:i-) , Ag. xit:a- (Fit. xit:i-, Bursh. š:iri-), Rut. xiji-, Tsakh. xine-, Kryz. xidi-. 4th class in all class distinguishing languages.

    Cf. Лексика 1971, 181; Гигинейшвили 1977, 128; Талибов 1980, 278-9.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-arc,lezget-udi,lezget-comment,

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Khinalug etymology :

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Khinalug root: xu
North Caucasian etymology: 112
Meaning: water
Khinalug form: xu
Comments: Cf. erg. xɨn-i, pl. xɨn-ɨbɨr.
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,khinet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *xä̆́nɦɨ̆ (-ŭ)
Meaning: water
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *x_ä̆nɦɨ̆
Sino-Tibetan: *χĭw(s)
Yenisseian: *ʔä(ʔ)ń (~x-)
Burushaski: *hán-chil
Basque: *u-hain
Comments and references : WFR 65, BCD 35; somewhat differently in HGC 23. Cf. also Ket. ʌnĺ5, pl. -eŋ `bay'.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *χĭw(s)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water, moisture
Tibetan: hus moisture, humidity; khu-ba fluid, liquid.
Kachin: khoʔ2 to spill.
Lushai: huʔ wet.
Kiranti: *kù
Comments: Chepang hus dew. Sh. 41; Ben. 2, 17. STEDT 380 *ku 'water, body fluid'.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *kù
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: water
Sunwar: bāk-ku (cf. also śēk-ku soup, broth etc.)
Tulung: ku water, spring, sap, juice, white (of egg)
Kaling: ku
Limbu: kwā (<*ku-wā) juice
Dumi:
Kulung: kawa (cf. also khuwɔlu 'ocean')
Comments: Toba 98 *ku.
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-tul,kiret-kal,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-kul,kiret-notes,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: kugwa
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: juice; gravy.
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry:
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: 1) water 2) source, tap, kuwa
Nepali: dhārā, kuvā
Comments: Cf. meaning 'water, source' in the proper names of local water sources, e.g. Ba:sirkɨ or Ba:sirku (proper name of the main dhārā of the hamlet of Ciurīkharka ), Sasarkakɨ or Sasarkaku (proper name of the main dhārā of Sasarkā village); cf. ku, subɨkɨ.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,dumet-comments,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: kawa
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: water
Nepali: pānī.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔäń (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: wave
Ket: āńbɔk1, pl. āńbɔkŋ1 (Imb.)
Kottish: en, *ēn, pl. ēnaŋ
Comments: ССЕ 186. Werner 1, 267 (without reconstruction).
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *hán-chil
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: 1 water from a wound 2 watery (tea, soup)
Hunza: áncil
Nagar: hánchil
Comments: A compound with *chil `water'.
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *u-hain
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 wave (in water), flow, current 2 to have edema, dropsy 3 edema, dropsy
Lapurdian: uhin 1, uhan-tu 2, uhan-tura 3
Zuberoan: ühaiñ, ühañ 1
Comments: The usual interpretation of this word as *hur 'water' + *gain 'top' is both semantically and phonetically improbable, especially in view of the words that mean 'edema, dropsy'.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVNV
Meaning : water
Sino-Caucasian : *xä̆́nɦɨ̆
Amerind (misc.) : *na (*Vna) 'water' (R 828) [+ A K]
globet-meaning,globet-scc,globet-amer,

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