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Гондванская этимология :

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Прагонди-куи: *aḍ- (*-ḍḍ-?)
Значение: to conceal; obstacle
PRNUM: PRNUM
Прагонди: *aḍ-ām
Конда: aḍi- (-t-)
Прапенго-манда: *aḍ-g-
Пракуи-куви: *aḍḍ- (?)
Комментарии: The Kui-Kuwi forms are probably borrowed from Telugu, because geminated -ḍḍ- is not usually reconstructed for PGn.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Гонди этимология :

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Прагонди: *aḍ-ām
Значение: obstacle; shelter
PRNUM: PRNUM
Бетульский: addām "shelter"
Мария: aḍam "obstruction"
Сеони: aḍḍam "obstacle"
Чхиндвара: aḍḍam "obstruction; veil"
Адилабадский: aḍḍām "(SR) shelter"
Номер по DED: 83
Номер по CVOTGD: 34
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ch,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Конда этимология :

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Конда: aḍi- (-t-)
MEANING: to stop, intercept
PRNUM: PRNUM
Дополнительные формы: Also Konda aḍam across; aḍe biḍe all over (lit. crosswise); disorganizedly
Номер по DED: 83
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-addition,konet-dednum,

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Пенго-манда этимология :

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Прапенго-манда: *aḍ-g-
Значение: in the way, intervening, obstructing
PRNUM: PRNUM
Пенго: aḍgel
Номер по DED: 83
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-dednum,

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Куи-куви этимология :

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Пракуи-куви: *aḍḍ- (?)
Значение: to obstruct; screen, interception
PRNUM: PRNUM
Куи: aḍa "a screen, an intervening or intercepting object (said to be < Oraon)"
Куви (Шульце): aḍḍe ānai "to resist"
Сункараметта куви: addu ānai "to obviate"
Дополнительные формы: Also Kui ḍākoli a hide shield; Kuwi_S addunga across (in measuring); aḍḍe ānai to resist
Комментарии: Kui ḍākoli is very hard to compare with Kuwi forms, for in this case we should suppose a separate Kui reduction. Much more probable is that it is derived from Kui ḍāki shell (of tortoise, etc.), cf. DED 2989. The root itself displays an extremely rare case of PK (and probably PDR, cf. the dictionary) voiced geminate; in fact, it is so rare it is not excluded that the root itself was borrowed from Telugu.
Номер по DED: 83
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-addition,kuiet-notes,kuiet-dednum,

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Дравидийская этимология :

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Прадравидийский: *áḍḍa- ~ *aḍái-
Значение: to hinder; obstacle
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai-
Прателугу: *aḍḍ-
Праколами-гадаба: *aḍḍam (?)
Прагонди-куи: *aḍ- (*-ḍḍ-?)
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *aṛ-
Брахуи: aḍ
Комментарии: The best evidence for the inlaut voiced geminate comes from South Dravidian languages (Kannada, Kodagu, and Tulu; in the Nilgiris gemination was lost due to the geminate finding itself in the absolute auslaut position after the syncopation of the last syllable) and Telugu. As for Central Dravidian forms, many of them may actually reflect old re-borrowings from Telugu, due to both the irregular -m in the auslaut and the scarceness of the forms (in many languages, only *aḍḍa-m "obstacle" is attested without the corresponding verbal stems). However, Konda aṛk and aḍi- are probably original. So are the NDR forms. Cf. also cases like PDR *mok- ~ *mogám "face" in which the original *-m is almost certainly preserved in Central Dravidian languages. // Present in 6/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,

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Южнодравидийская этимология :

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Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai-
Значение: to shut, close; to obstruct
PRNUM: PRNUM
Тамильский: aṭai (-pp-, -tt-)
Тамильское значение: to shut, close, obstruct, block (as a passage), stop up, put in, pack, lock, fasten, imprison, conceal; to be obstructed (as the ear, throat)
Тамильские производные: aṭaiccu (aṭaicci-) to shut, close; aṭaippu shutting, closing, fence, obstruction, plug; aṭṭam opposition, cross direction, enmity, rivalry; aṭṭi hindrance, obstacle, delay; aṭṭaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇai-kkāl folded legs in sitting cross-legged
Малаялам: aṭa
Малаяльское значение: a lock
Малаяльские производные: aṭayuka to be shut, shut up, be enclosed; aṭavu stoppage, block, obstruction; aṭekka to shut, obstruct, block up, lock; to be shut, rendered impervious; aṭeppu, aṭappu obstruction, whatever covers or closes a hole, stopper; aṭappam, aṭappan a stopper, cork; aṭeppikka to cause to lock or shut; aṭṭam what is across, transverse, thwarting
Каннада: aḍe
Каннада значение: to be enclosed, barred, shut up, choked; to shut, lock, obstruct, close up, enclose, confine, imprison, stop the passage
Каннада производные: aḍavu an impediment, anything to obstruct; aḍa, aḍḍa, aḍḍā, aḍḍe state of being across, transverse, or in the way, state of being broadwise or horizontal, crosswise; obstructing, an obstruction; state of being contrary or perverse; aḍḍane, aḍane across, transversely; aḍḍayisu, aḍḍagisu, aḍḍaysu, aḍḍavisu to move obliquely or obstructingly, make opposition, obstruct, impede, intervene, conceal; aḍḍayisuha obstruction, opposition; aḍḍaysuha going transversely, concealment; aḍḍal crossing, obstructing, obstacle, across, sideways; aḍḍi an obstacle, opposition, delay; aḍḍana, aḍḍaṇa a shield; āṭaŋka, ātaŋka obstruction, obstacle, restraint
Кодагу: aḍe- (aḍev-, aḍand-)
Кодагу значение: (gap) is stopped
Кодагу производные: aḍa- (aḍap-, aḍat-) to stop (gap, hole); aḍḍa crosswise; aḍḍa būḷ- to prostrate oneself (lit. fall horizontal)
Тулу: aḍepuni, aḍevuni, aḍeŋguni
Тулу значение: to shut, close
Тулу производные: aḍepu act of shutting, clossing, finishing; aḍakụ, aḍaka, aḍēke, aṭaka, aṭakāvu obstacle, hindrance; aḍḍa id., horizontal, intervening; across, athwart; rafter; aḍḍakaṭṭè a dam; aḍḍakāru the bent knee; aḍḍa boruni to prostrate, bow down; aḍḍa kaṭṭuni to dam up, shut in, hinder, prevent, screen; aḍḍi obstacle, opposition; aḍḍaṇa, aḍḍaṇè, aḍana a shield; āṭaŋkụ, āṭaŋka hindrance, obstacle
Пранильгирийский: *aḍ[ḍ]-
Номер по DED: 0083
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Нильгирийская этимология :

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Пранильгирийский: *aḍ[ḍ]-
Значение: to block; to shut
PRNUM: PRNUM
Кота: aṛv- (aṛd-) "to become blocked by an obstacle, (throat) becomes choked with tears"
Тода: aṛf- (aṛt-) "to shut"
Дополнительные формы: Also Kota aṛv- (aṛt-) (door) shuts; to shut (door, hole), shut up (cattle); aḍ oblique, slanting, at right angles, crosswise; aḍ aḍ at full length, at right angles; aḍ voṛt rising or setting sun; aḍ mug- to bow to ground before god or godlike person; aḍ gaṭ- to obstruct, stop; Toda mɨṛk aṛf- to spoil one's voice by shouting (lit. choke to the neck); oḍ crosswise, obstructing, prostrate, contour line round a hill; oḍ oḍ foṭ- to obstruct (lit. lie crosswise); oḍ fɨḍɵ- to prostrate oneself (lit. fall horizontal); oḍ xoṭ- to obstruct; oḍty limit beyond which one must not go; oḍɵ awkward, ugly
Номер по DED: 83
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Телугу этимология :

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Прателугу: *aḍḍ-
Значение: to become obstructed or choked, be stopped, choke
PRNUM: PRNUM
Телугу: aḍucu-konu
Дополнительные формы: Also aḍḍamu obstacle, hindrance, opposition, a screen, that which hides or separates; adj. cross, which is crosswise; [1] aḍḍa-kaṭṭu, [2] aḍḍagincu, [3] aḍḍa-paḍu, [4] aḍḍu to hinder, obstruct; [1] aḍḍakar_r_a, [2] aḍḍaŋki, [3] aḍḍugur_r_a hindrance, obstruction; aḍḍakaṭṭa a dam or bank, embankment; aḍḍamugā crosswise, transversely; aḍḍu a screen, anything that affords concealment; aḍḍanamu a shield; aḍḍi hindrance, obstruction, delay; āṭaŋkamu prevention, obstacle, hindrance, obstruction, resistance, an objection, a difficulty
Номер по DED: 83
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Колами-гадаба этимология :

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Праколами-гадаба: *aḍḍam (?)
Значение: obstruction
PRNUM: PRNUM
Найки: aḍḍam
Парджи: aḍḍom "obstacle, obstruction"
Дополнительные формы: Also Parji aḍḍom er- to obstruct
Комментарии: The final -m in these forms may betray their origin as borrowings from Telugu (although this is not certain).
Номер по DED: 83
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-parji,kogaet-addition,kogaet-notes,kogaet-dednum,

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Севернодравидийская этимология :

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Прасеверно-дравидийский: *aṛ-
Значение: to cover; to hinder
PRNUM: PRNUM
Курух: aḍnā "to furnish (a drum) with skin, cover it with leather, (birds or bees) construct a nest or honeycomb, stop stubbornly where one is (a naughty child, intrepid combatants, etc.)"
Малто: aṛare "to be hindered"
Комментарии: The epenthetic vowel in Malto seems to point to an original *-ṛ- (since the inlaut cluster ḍr is not prohibited in Malto).
Дополнительные формы: Also MLT aṛatre to hinder
Номер по DED: 83
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-notes,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Брахуи этимология :

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Брахуи: aḍ
Значение: sheltered; shelter, protection
PRNUM: PRNUM
Дополнительные формы: Also BRA aṛ obstacle, obstruction, entanglement; aṛī obstacle, obstruction.
Номер по DED: 83
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-addition,braet-dednum,

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