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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *adal-
Meaning : to start, be alarmed or afraid
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : adalu
Additional forms : Also [1] adalincu, [2] adalucu, [3] adalupu, [4] adalpu to frighten, rebuke, reproach; [1] adalupu, [2] adalpu frightening, rebuke; adiri-paḍu to start, be alarmed; adiri-pāṭu a start, alarm; adv. suddenly, unexpectedly
Notes : Possibly the same as *adar-, but this is not totally obvious. Some interaction between Kannaḍa and Telugu is not excluded either.
Number in DED : 137

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *adáḷ-
Meaning : to start, be alarmed
Proto-South Dravidian: *adaḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *adal-
Notes : Joined by Burrow & Emeneau with *adír- 'to shake, tremble'. If we think of the original root as *ad- with later suffixal additions, this is quite probable. However, the fact of there being two phonologically different stems cannot be denied (cf. Tamil atir vs. ataṭṭu < *ataḷ-tu; Tel. adaru vs. adalu), and although the meanings are not always differentiated (cf., however, the differentiation in Telugu), this is sufficient evidence for at least granting them two different entries. // Present in 2/6 branches.

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *adaḷ-
Meaning : to rebuke, scold, reprimand
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ataṭṭu (ataṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to rebuke authoritatively, frighten with a vehement or sudden noise; n. rebuke, ranting
Tamil derivates : atampu (atampi-) to speak intemperately, rebuke; atakaṭi menace, threat, hectoring
Malayalam : ataṭṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to rebuke, reprimand, frighten with sudden noise
Kannada : adaṭu
Kannada meaning : to tremble, shake; to scold, reprimand, menace
Kannada derivates : adapu to speak intemperately, reprove
Tulu : addalipuni
Tulu meaning : to rebuke, frighten
Notes : Burrow & Emeneau place this in the same entry with *adir- 'to shake, tremble, intimidate, etc.'. While the semantic link is possible (atir also has the meaning 'rebuke'), the morphological ties are harder to understand. The form ataṭṭu is an obvious causative, but it cannot be from *adir-tu (which should have yielded Tamil atirttu); it can only be from *adaḷ-tu. The stem *adaḷ- is not, however, attested directly; there is Tulu addalipuni, with an unclear geminate, and possibly also Kan. adalu 'to tremble', if -l- dial. < *-ḷ-. As for the other Tamil forms, atampu (= Kan. adapu) < *adaḷ-mbu; atakaṭi is an unclear expressive formation.
Number in DED : 0137

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