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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(a)lōp-
Meaning: fox
Armenian: aɫuēs `Fuchs' (< *alōpēk'-)
Old Greek: alṓpēk-s, -ekos f. `Fuchs'; alōpeúei = anikhneúei Hsch.; alōpā́ (Alk., Hsch.), alōpó-s (Hdn.) `Fuchs'
Baltic: *lap-iā̃ f., *lap-s-ā̂ f.
Russ. meaning: зверек (лиса)
References: WP I 317
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *lap-iā̃ f., *lap-s-ā̂ f.
Meaning: fox
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: lãpē `Fuchs'
Lettish: lapsa `Fuchs'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 2208
Root: u̯l̥p-, lup-
English meaning: a k. of carnivore (fox, wolf)
German meaning: in Raubtierbezeichnungen, bes. aus dem Hundegeschlecht (Fuchs, Schakal, Wolf)
General comments: alter ē-Stamm
Material: Av. urupi-s m. (*lupi-s) `Hund', raopi-s `Fuchs, Schakal', mpers. rōpās, npers. rōbāh `Fuchs' = ai. lopāśá- m. `Schakal, Fuchs';

    arm. aluēs Gen. -esu `Fuchs';

    gr. ἀλώπηξ f., Kurzform ἀλωπός;

    lat. volpēs `Fuchs', eventuell auch lupus `Wolf';

    lit. lãpė (*u̯lopē), lett. lapsa (synkopiert aus lapesa? idg. *u̯lopek̂ā?); vgl. lit. vilpišỹs `wilde Katze', das zu mpers. gurpak npers. gurba `Hauskatze' gestellt wird, aus iran. *u̯r̥pa-, idg. *u̯l̥pos;

    es handelt sich zweifellos um verschiedene tabuistische Umbildungen.

References: WP. I 316 f., WH. I 836 f., II 830, Frisk 83, Trautmann 149, Specht Idg. Dekl. 36, Lidén KZ. 56, 212 ff.
Pages: 1179
PIE database: PIE database
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