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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sek-, *sēik-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to cut
Slavic: *sḗktī, *sēkǭ; *sekɨ̄́rā, *sēčīvo
Baltic: *sē̂k- vb. tr.
Germanic: *sag-ṓ(n-) f., *sag-i- c., *sig-Vs-n-ō(n-) f., *sig-l-a-; *sax-a- n., *sak-s-a- n., *sōk=, *sig-i-ɵ-ō f.
Latin: secō, -āre, -uī, -ctum `schneiden, abschneiden, mähen', segmen, -inis n. `Abschnitt', segmentum n. `id.', secespita f. `Opfermesser', secūris, -is f. `Beil', sēcula f. `kleine Sichel'; sacēna f. `die Haue des Pontifex'
Other Italic: Umbr prusekatu `prōsecātō', proses̀etir `prōsectīs', prusec̨ia `prōsiciās'
Celtic: *to-in-sek-, *in-sek- > OIr se(i)che `Haut, Fell', MIr tescaid `schneidet, beisst', Ir teascaidh `schneidet, beisst'; ēiscidh `haut ab'
Russ. meaning: резать
References: WP II 474 f
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: секу́,
Near etymology: сечь, др.-русск. сѣку, сѣчи, ст.-слав. сѣкѫ, сѣшти κόπτειν (Супр.), болг. сека́ "секу", сербохорв. сиjѐче̑м, сиjе̏ħи, словен. sẹ́kati, sе̣̑kаm "рубить, сечь", чеш. sekati, síci, слвц. sеkаt᾽, siесt᾽, польск. siес, siecę, в.-луж. sykać, sус, н.-луж. sekaś, sес, полаб. sесt.
Further etymology: Праслав. *sěkǫ, *sěkti, первонач. атемат. глаг., родственно др.-лит. į̀sekti "насечь", išsekti "высечь", лат. sесō, -ārе "обрезаю", ирл. ésgid "отрубает", далее сюда относится секи́ра и сечь (см.), лат. sасēnа "тесак жреца", д.-в.-н. segansa "коса", sеh ср. р. "лемех", sёgа, saga "пила", алб. shat "кирка, мотыга"; см. Мейе, МSL 17, 195; Мейе--Вайан 220; Мейе--Эрну 1071 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 255; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 504 и сл.; Г. Майер, Alb. Wb. 400; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 2, 612.
Pages: 3,593
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *sē̂k- vb. tr.
Meaning: cut
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: į-sḗkti `eingraben, schneiden', iš-sḗkti `sculpere', pasḗkeli-s 'grosser Schmiederhammer'
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *sagṓ(n), *sagi-z, *sigVsnō(n), *sigla-, *saxa-n, *saksa-n, *sōk=, *sigiɵō
Meaning: saw, scythe
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: sɔg f. `Säge'; segi, sigi m. `Fleischstreifen'; sigδ-r m., sigδ f. `Sense'; sax n. `Schwert; Reling am Vordersteven', dat. sg. sAkse; sigg n. `Speckschwarte'; saga wk. `sägen'
Norwegian: sag; sege `Muskel. Faserbündel'; sigd 'Sense, Schwert'; saks; sigg `Schwarte'; saga vb.
Old Swedish: saghi `abgeschnittenes Stück'
Swedish: sɔg; dial. sigd; sɔga vb.
Danish: sav; save `Pflanzen- oder Fleischfaser'; saks; save vb.
Old English: sagu, saga `Säge', sigɵe, sīɵe m. `Sichel', secg f. `Schwert'; seax n. `Messer, kurzes Schwert'
English: saw, scythe
Old Saxon: sega; segisna
Middle Dutch: sāghe f., sēghe; seisene, seinse, seine; sichte f.
Dutch: zaag f., maastr. zēg; zeis, dial. zeisen, zeisem, zein; zicht f. `kleine zeis'
Middle Low German: sāge; segede, {sichte f.} `Sichel'; seyse
Old High German: sega (9.Jh.) f., saga (9.Jh.) f. `Säge', {segesna}, segisna (9.Jh.), segansa (9.Jh.) `Sense', sahs `Messer', suoha `gge, Furche'; seh (-hh-) `Pflugschar'
Middle High German: sëge, sage st./wk. f. 'säge una sägeähnliches'; sëgens(e) st./wk. f. 'sense', md. seinse, sēnse, sense
German: Säge f., Sense f., { Sech }
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1667
Root: sē̆k-2
English meaning: to cut
German meaning: `schneiden'
Grammatical comments: unthemat. Wurzelpräsens
Derivatives: seki̯o-/-ā `Haut'; sekīu̯o- n., sekūrā- f. `Axt'
Material: Alb. shatë `Karst' (*sekti-);

    lat. secō, -āre `schneiden, abschneiden', segmen, segmentum `Abschnitt', secespita `Opfermesser' (Ausgang unerklärt), secīvum `libum est, quod secespita secātur' (: aksl. sěčivo `Axt'); secūris `Axt' (: aksl. sekyra `Axt'), sēcula `Sichel' (kampanisch); mit Ablaut lat. a:saxum `Felsstück' (vgl. zur Bed. rupes: rumpō, nhd. Schere `Кlippe': scheren, zur Form ahd. sahs `Messer', aksl. socha; lat. a scheint Red.-Stufe o neben о in ahd. sahs), vielleicht sacēna, scēna `die Haue der Pontifices' (*sakes-nā); asignae `κρέα μεριζόμενα' (*an-sek-nā), marr. asignas N. Pl. f. `non prosectae (carnes)';

    lat. sī̆gnum n. `Zeichen, Kennzeichen', wenn ursprüngl. `eingeschnittene Marke' (?); umbr. prusekatu `prōsecātō', proses̀etir `prōsectīs', asec̨eta `non secta', prusec̨ia `prōsiciās';

    mir. tescaid `schneidet, beißt' (*to-eks-sk-), mir. ēiscid `haut ab' (*in-sek-); mir. arasc (*ari-sko-) `abgehauener Hals-Stumpf', airsce (*ari-ski̯o-) ds.; air. se(i)che f. `Haut, Fell' (: aisl. sigg n. `harte Haut' aus *seʒi̯a-); aber ir. sēol `Tuch, Segel', cymr. hwyl `Segel' aus *seglo- (: aisl. ags. segl `Segel' aus *sekló-m) sind wohl germ. Lw.;

    cymr. hesg, Sg. hesgen `carex' (von den schneidend scharfen Blättern), acorn. heschen `canna, arundo', bret. hesk (*sek-skā) `Schilf mit schneidenden Blättern', mir. seisc f. `Binse';

    ahd. sega, saga, ags. sagu, sage, aisl. sǫg `Säge', ahd. segisna, segansa, nhd. Sense; aisl. segi, sigi m. `losgerissenes Fleischstück, Fleischfaser'; aisl. sigðr m., sigð f., ags. sigðe m., mnd. segede, sichte f. `Sichel' (*seketó-); ags. secg f. `Schwert' und `Riedgras', mnd. segge `Riedgras'; ahd. sahar, nhd. bair. Sac(h)er ds.; aisl. ags. segl, ahd. segal `Segel', as. segal, segela `Vorhang' (*`Tuchstück'; s. oben zu ir. sēol); aisl. sigg n. `harte Haut' (s. oben zu ir. seiche); aisl. sax n. `Messer, Schwert', Pl. sǫx `Schere', ags. seax n. `Messer, kurzes Schwert', ahd. sahs `Messer' (auch in mezzi-ra(h)s, ags. mete-seax `Messer'); aisl. sø̄gr `losgerissenes Stück, Streifen'; ahd. suoha `Egge, Furche' (Demin. suohili, suoli n.);

    lit. į-sē̆kti `eingraben', išsē̆kti `sculpere'; aksl. sěkǫ, sěšti `schneiden', sěčivo `Axt' (: lat. secīvum), sekyra `Axt' (woneben *sěkyra in serb. sjekira nach sěkǫ umgestaltet);

    unklar, ob hierher lat. sīca `Dolch', sīcīlis `Lanzenspitze'; lit. sỹkis `Hieb, Mal', klr. syč in. `der nach dem Abbrechen des Astes hinterbleibende Teil des Stammes', ags. sāgol (*sǝikolo-), m. `Stock, Keule' = mhd. seigel `Leitersprosse, Stufe', mhd. dial. saich `Schilf'.

References: WP. II 474 f., WH. II 459, 484, 504 f., 534 f., Trautmann 255;
See also: s. auch (s)k(h)ed-, skēi-, sken-, skēu-6.
Pages: 895-896
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sVḳV
Meaning: to cut, split
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sek-
Altaic: *soke ( ~ -i̯u-, -k`-) (also *sàk`a 1899)
Uralic: *śakkV (*śukkV)
Dravidian: ? NDR *coX 'to pluck' (191)
References: ND 2038 *s̄VḲV 'to carve, chisel' (IE + Chad.); 2190 *ŝäḳa 'split, cleave' (IE + Alt. *sak`a + Ur.).
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *soke ( ~ -i̯u-, -k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to split
Russian meaning: отщеплять
Turkic: *sök-
Japanese: *sǝ̀nk-
Comments: A Turk.-Jpn. isogloss. Cf. perhaps also Mong. segre- 'to be torn to pieces' (although delabialization is unexplainable).
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sök-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to split, tear apart
Russian meaning: разделять, распарывать, раздирать
Old Turkic: sök- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sök- (MK)
Turkish: sök-
Middle Turkic: sök- (AH, IM, Abush.)
Uzbek: sọk-
Uighur: sök-
Azerbaidzhan: sök-
Turkmen: sök-
Khakassian: sök-
Oyrat: sök-
Tuva: sö`k-
Kirghiz: sök-
Kazakh: sök-
Noghai: sök-
Balkar: sök-
Gagauz: sök-
Karaim: sök-
Karakalpak: sök-
Kumyk: sök-
Comments: EDT 819, ЭСТЯ 7.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀nk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to chop, split off
Russian meaning: отрубать, отщеплять
Middle Japanese: sòg-
Tokyo: sóg-
Kyoto: sòg-
Comments: JLTT 755.
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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 937
Proto: *śakkV (*śukkV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: piece, part
German meaning: Stück, Teil
Finnish: sukku 'zerquetschter Zustand', lyödä sukuksi 'in Stücke zerschlagen' ?
Khanty (Ostyak): jöŋ-săk (Vj.) 'Eisbrei', săk (Likr.) 'fein zerkrümelt (Salz u.a.)', săkaɣǝl- (V) 'Schaden leiden, zerbrochen werden', săχat- (DN Ko) 'brechen, zerbrechen, zerkleinern'
Hungarian: szak (dial.) 'kleines Stück, Teil, Schutt, Gebrösel', szakad- 'reißen, zerreissen', szakít- id.
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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to cut, split
Eurasiatic : *śVḳV
Afroasiatic : Sem. *ŝḳḳ + Chad., Cush. 'split, crack'
Sino-Caucasian : ST *śēk 'cleave, split'
Reference : ND 2190.
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