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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ndho
Meaning: prep./adv.: under
Old Indian: adhá-ḥ adv., prp. 'below, down', ádhara- 'lower, inferior'
Avestan: aδairi prp. 'unter, unterhalb'; aδara- 'der untere'; gath. adǝ̄ 'unten'
Armenian: ǝnd 'unten'
Old Greek: atherízdō 'verachten, verschmähen'
Germanic: *undari, *untarōn
Latin: inferne, infernus, infrā (< *inferā)
References: WP I 323
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1395
Root: n̥dhos, n̥dheri
English meaning: under
German meaning: `unter'
Derivatives: n̥dhero- `der untere', n̥dhemo- `der unterste'
Material: Ai. adháḥ `unten' (als Präp. m. Akk. u. Gen.), av. adǝ̄ `unten', arm. ǝnd (m. Instr.) `unter', aisl. und ds., toch. А añč `unten, nach unten' (?);

    av. aδairi `unter, unterhalb', got. undar usw., ahd. untar und untari `unter', Neubildung nach idg. *uperi (ai. upari usw. `über');

    ai. ádhara-, av. aδara- `der untere', lat. īnferus ds. (*enferos, idg. *n̥dheros), īnfernus ds.(nach supernus), infrā `unterhalb' (*inferād) mit Anlautsbehandlung des -dh-; gr. ἀθερο- steckt vielleicht in ἀθερίζω `verachte' (vgl. ai. adharīṇa- `verachtet'); got. undaro Präp. `unter' (Abl. auf -ōd) = ai. Adv. ádharāt `unten';

    ai. adhamá- `der unterste' = lat. īnfimus ds.

References: WP. I 323, WH. I 698, Specht Idg. Dekl. 2591.
Pages: 771
PIE database: PIE database
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