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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sū-, *sū-k-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: pig
Tokharian: B suwo 'pig, hog' (Adams 698)
Old Indian: sūkará- m. `boar, hog, pig'
Avestan: gen. hū `Schwein'
Old Greek: hǖ̂s, acc. hǖ̂n, gen. hüós m., f. `Schwein, Sau, Eber'
Slavic: *svīnъ
Germanic: *sū-, *su-g-ṓ f., *sug-iṓ f.
Latin: sūs, gen. suis f. `Schwein'; su-bulcus `Sauhirt', su-cerda `Schweinekot'; sucula f. `Schweinchen'
Celtic: OIr socc sāil `Meeressäugetier'; MIr soc m. `snuit van varken', Cymr hwch m., f. `varken'
Albanian: thi, pl. thij m. `pig'
Russ. meaning: скот (свинья)
References: WP II 512 f
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: свино́й
Near etymology: -- прилаг., свин, род. п. сви́на -- ругательство (Преобр.), укр. свини́й, др.-русск., ст.-слав. свинъ (Остром., Мар., Зогр.).
Further etymology: Производное от и.-е. *sūs "свинья", ср. лат. suīnus "свиной", гот. swein ср. р. "свинья", греч. ὕινος "свиной", др.-инд. sūkarás "свинья", авест. hū- "кабан", лат. sūs, греч. ὗς, д.-в.-н., англос. sû "свинья", алб. thi "свинья", лтш. suvę̄ns, sivę̄ns "поросенок" (см. Траутман, ВSW 294; М.--Э. 3, 1129), ст.-слав. свинъ = лтш. svīns "загрязненный" (М.--Э. 3, 1163). См. свинья́.
Pages: 3,578
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *sū-z; *sugṓ, -iṓ
Meaning: sow (pig)
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: sǖ-r, pl. sǖr f. `Sau'
Norwegian: su; sugga
Swedish: so; sugga
Danish: so
Old English: sū, -e f. `sow'; sugu, -e f.
English: sow
Old Saxon: sū; suga `Sau'
Middle Dutch: soghe, seughe, sueghe; soch
Dutch: zeug f., dial. zog
Middle Low German:
Old High German: sū (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: sū (gen. siuwe, sū, pl. siuwe, siu) st. f. 'sau'
German: Sau f. { dial. Suge }
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1912
Root: sū̆-s, suu̯-ós
English meaning: pig, swine
German meaning: `Hausschwein, Sau'
Derivatives: erweitert su-ko-; suu̯īno- `zum Schwein gehörig'
Material: Av. (Gen. Sg. für *huvō) `Schwein'; gr. ὗς, ὑός, Akk. ὗν m. `Eber', f. `Sau' (davon ὕαινα f. `Hyäne') neben συ̃ς, συός ds.; dazu συη̃λαι τόποι βορβορώδεις Hes.; συφε(ι)ός, συφός m. `Schweinestall' (*-φέιος, zu φύω, idg. bheu-, oben S. 146 ff.); Sternbild der ̔Υάδες `Gruppe von Schweinen'; vgl. gr. lak. σίκα;

    alb. thi `Schwein'; lat. sūs, suis `Schwein', umbr. sif `sues', sim `suem', suřum, sorsom, sorsalem `suillum' (*sŭ-do-, *sŭ-dāli-);

    gall. *su-tegis `Schweinestall' (M.-L. 8492);

    ahd. ags. , aisl. sȳr `Sau';

    lett. suvẽns, sivẽns `Ferkel' (unklar apr. seweynis `Schweinestall'); toch. В suwo `Schwein';

    adjektivische no-Ableitungen: einerseits gr. (spät) ὑηνός `vom Schwein', andererseits (ursprachlich) lat. suīnus ds., aksl. svinъ ds. = lett. svīns `beschmutzt'; toch. В swāñana misa `Schweinefleisch';

    substantiviert got. swein, aisl. suīn, ags. ahd. swīn `Schwein'; aksl. svinija `Schwein' wohl aus *svīnī (fem. zu svinъ) umgebildet.

    k-Ableitungen:

    ai. sūkara- m. `Eber, Schwein' (umgedeutet als `Sū-macher'); mpers. xūk, osset. χui ds.; lat.sucula `junge Sau'; mit expressiver Gemination: kelt. *sukko- `Schwein, (Schweine-)Schnauze, Pflugschar' in air. socc sáil `Meerschwein' (ein Fisch), mir. soc m. `Pflugschar, Schnauze (des Schweines)', air. FlN Socc; cymr. hwch m. f., später nur f. `Schwein', corn. hoch, bret. houc'h, hoc'h m. `Schwein'; aus dem Gallo-Lat. stammen cymr. swch, corn. soch, bret. souc'h und frz. soc `Pflugschar';

    ags. sugu `Sau', as. suga, mnd. soge, nhd. schwäb. suge `Sau'; mit expressiver Gemination norw. schwed. sugga, mnd. sugge.

References: WP. II 512 f., WH. II 635 ff., Trautmann 294, Vasmer 2, 593, Benveniste BSL 45, 74 f. 90, Thieme, Heimat d. idg. Gemeinsprache 26 f., 36 f.; wohl ursprüngl. `Gebärerin', zu seu-2: sū- `gebären' (oben S. 913 f.); vgl. air. berit `Sau' (*bherentī); oder aber lautnachahmend?
Pages: 1038-1039
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVšu
Meaning: pig
Indo-European: *sū-
Kartvelian: *ešw-
References: ND 90 *[ʔV]š(ü)WV 'wild boar' (also adding Udehe siu '2-year-old boar' and ? Eg. šꜣy 'pig').
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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ešw
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кабан, свинья
English meaning: boar, pig
Georgian: ešw
Georgian meaning (Rus.): клык; кабан
Georgian meaning (Engl.): tusk; boar
Megrel: o-sk-u ( < *o-askwu)
Megrel meaning (Rus.): свинарник
Megrel meaning (Eng.): pigsty
Notes and references: Ср. ПИЕ *sū̆- 'свинья'.
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