Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *mVjrV
Meaning: smear, fat
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *smer-
Altaic: Mong. marija-, marija-ǯi- 'flesh, fat, corpulence'
Dravidian: *meṛV-
References: ОСНЯ 2, 61-62; ND 1484 *ma[ŕ]iʔV 'animal fat', 1485 *meŕu/üqV 'to smear' (hardly distinguishable; among SH the second root is present only in Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *smerw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: butter, marrow
Tokharian: B ṣmare 'smooth; oil' (Adams 668)
Old Greek: mǘro-n n. `wohlriechendes Salböl, Salbe, Parfüm'; smǘris, -idos; smíris, -idos, -eōs (late authors); smirís Hsch. f. 'emery-powder'
Baltic: *smar̂-s-a- c.
Germanic: *smirw-a- n., *smír-ɵr-a- n.; *smirw-ia- vb.
Latin: medulla f. `das Mark in Knochen und Pflanzen' (a contamination with с medius)
Celtic: OIr smi(u)r, gen. smera `Mark'; Cymr mer `Mark'
Russ. meaning: масло, костный мозг
References: WP II 690 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *smar̂-s-a- c.
Meaning: fat
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: smársa-s `Fett, schlechtes Fett mit dem man Speisen abmacht, dial. Schmalz (besonders minderwertiges)'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *smirwa-n, *smírɵra-n; *smirwian- vb.
Meaning: fat, grease
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *smɛrɵr n. (a) `Fett'
Old Norse: smjɔr, smör n. `Butter, Fett'; smürva, smürja vb. `schmieren, salben'
Norwegian: smör, smjör; smürja vb.
Old Swedish: smör, smörr, smorr
Swedish: smör `Butter'; smörja vb.
Danish: smöre vb.
Old English: smeoru (smeru, -o, -a), -wes n. `fat, grease, suet, tallow'; { smierwan }
English: smear
Old Frisian: smere n. `vuil, etter'
Old Saxon: smero
Middle Dutch: smēre, smeer, smāre, smaer n., m. `vet, smeer'; smēren
Dutch: smeer n., m.; smeren
Old Franconian: smero
Middle Low German: smēr; smēren
Old High German: smero, gen. smerwes `Fett' (8.Jh.); smirwen `(ein)schmieren' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: smër (-w-) st. n., m. 'schmer'; smirwen, smirn, smërn wk. `schmieren, salben'
German: Schmer m., n.; schmieren
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1796
Root: smeru-
English meaning: grease, fat
German meaning: und Ähnliches: `Schmer, Fett'
Material: Gr. wohl σμύρις `Schmirgel zum Abreiben und Polieren', (σ)μυρίζω `poliere durch Reiben, salbe', μύρον n. `wohlriechendes Salböl, Pflanzensaft', vielleicht auch (σ)μυ̃ρος `eine Art Aal, Muräne' als `fettig sich anfühlend';

    lat. vielleicht in medullae Pl. `Mark von Knochen und Pflanzen', durch Einfluß von medius aus *merulla umgestaltet; air. smi(u)r m., Gen. smera `Mark', cymr. mer `Mark'; aisl. smiǫr n., ags. smeoru, ahd. smero (Gen. smerwes) `Schmer, Fett', wovon aisl. smyria, smyrva `bestreichen, salben', ags. smierwan `salben', ahd. smirwen `salben, schmieren', nhd. Schmer, schmieren, Schmirgel; mit anderer Stammbildung got. smaírþr n. `Fett', smarnōs `Kot, Mist' (Bed. wie nhd. schmierig, ndl. smerig `kotig, schmutzig').

References: WP. II 690 f., WH. II 58 f.
Pages: 970-971
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *meẓV-
Meaning : to smear
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *meẓ-uk-
Proto-Telugu : *mrē-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mē-g-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *miṛ-i-
Brahui : mir-ing
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-bra,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *meẓ-uk-
Meaning : to cleanse, smear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : meẓuku (meẓuki-)
Tamil meaning : to cleanse floor with cowdung solution, smear as the body with sandal paste, gloss over, varnish; n. cowdung, wax, gum, soft waxy pill, mass
Tamil derivates : meẓukku smearing with cowdung water as the floor, cowdung, substance or solution used to smear any surface; meẓukkam ground or floor prepared by being smeared with cowdung water
Malayalam : meẓu, meẓuku
Malayalam meaning : wax
Malayalam derivates : meẓukuka to anoint, wax, varnish, daub a place with cowdung; meẓukku anointing, varnish, daubing, polishing
Kodagu : mukk- (mukki-)
Kodagu meaning : to smear (mud, manure on ground)
Proto-Nilgiri : *meṛ-
Miscellaneous : IRU mëkku wax; PALKU, ALKU mëkku wax
Number in DED : 5082
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nilgiri etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nilgiri : *meṛ-
Meaning : wax; dung
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : mek "bee's wax"
Toda : möšk- (möšky-) "to smear with dung of buffaloes as a ritual purification"
Additional forms : Also Kota mek- (meky-) to cleanse floor with cowdung water; Toda möṣk wax
Number in DED : 5082
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *mrē-
Meaning : to smear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mrē̃gu
Dialectal forms (1) : mē̃gu
Dialectal forms (2) : mrēvu
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : mēdu
Number in DED : 5082
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-tel_3,telet-tel_kr,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mē-g-
Meaning : to apply
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : mēg- (mēkt-) "to purify with cowdung solution"
Naikri : mēgh- (mēkt-)
Number in DED : 5082
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *miṛ-i-
Meaning : to rub, apply
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *miṭ-
Konda : miṛis- (-t-)
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *miṭ-
Meaning : to apply
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Adilabad Gondi : miṭānā (SR)
Additional forms : Also Gondi_Hislop mitus- to apply (sacred mark); Gondi_A (Su.) miṭṭūs- to apply saffron powder on the forehead
Number in DED : 5082
Number in CVOTGD : 2823
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

Search within this database


Konda etymology :

Search within this database
Konda : miṛis- (-t-)
Meaning: to rub and clean utensils with ashes, etc.
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 5082
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

Search within this database


Brahui etymology :

Search within this database
Brahui : mir-ing
Meaning : to plaster
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 5082
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : MVRV
Meaning : smear, fat
Eurasiatic : *mVjrV
Afroasiatic : *mariʔ-
Sino-Caucasian : ST *mar 'oil, lard'
Austric : PAN *SimaR 'grease, oil, fat'
Reference : ND 1484.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-reference,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *mariʔ-
Meaning: fat, oil
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *mrʔ 'to be fat'
Western Chadic: *mwaHir- 'oil'
Central Chadic: *mar[H]- 'oil' (unless <*mVrḥ-)
Central Cushitic (Agaw): Aun mori 'fat' n.lw?
Low East Cushitic: *mor- 'fat'
Warazi (Dullay): Tsamay mooru 'fat'
Omotic: Ong mōra, Male mōrɛsi [Bla Omot] <*mor-as- 'fat'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-agw,afaset-lec,afaset-wrz,afaset-omo,

Search within this database


Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1117
Proto-Semitic: *mrʔ ~ *mariʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fat' 1, 'fat cattle' 2, 'to be fat' 3
Akkadian: marû 1 (marû 'to feed')
Ugaritic: mru 2
Hebrew: mǝrīʔ 2
Amharic: mora
East Ethiopic: Wol morä
Gurage: Sod mora 'fat' n. < Oromo?
Soqotri: mer 'belly'
Notes: Kogan Add. to SED 1, 1804: <*mrʔ 'to be fat. Cf. Arab mrh_ [-a-] 'oil' (v.).
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-hbr,semet-amh,semet-east,semet-gur,semet-soq,semet-notes,

Search within this database


West Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-WChadic: *mwaHir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'oil'
Hausa: mái
Mupun: mmòor [FrM]
Sura: mwɔ̀ɔr [JgS]
Angas: m(w)ūr [Fl]
Montol: mǝɣì (< *mǝɣir) [JgC]
Gerke=Yiwom: mwɛr [CLR: 260]
Bolewa: mor [ShV]
Karekare: meru [ShV]marù [CLR]
Dera=Kanakuru: mot [NmK]
Ngamo: mor [ShV]
Bele: mùrù [ShB]
Kifri=Giwo: mùrú [ShB]
Gera: mòori [ShB]
Galambu: mǝ̀r [ShB]
Geruma: mòori [ShB]
Polchi: mīri [Sm]
Geji: mili [Sm]
Zaar: mir [CLR]
Barawa: miyir [Sm]
Sayanchi: mīr, māyi [Sm]
Buli: mír [CLR]
Kir: mà̄r [CLR]
Tala: mīr [CLR]
Zul: miiri [Cs N 201]
Sha: maḥ [JgR]
Kulere: mā̀r [JgR]
Ngizim: mǝ̀rǝ̀k [ShN]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-gwn,wchet-sur,wchet-ang,wchet-mnt,wchet-grk,wchet-bol,wchet-krk,wchet-der,wchet-ngm,wchet-bel,wchet-krf,wchet-ger,wchet-glm,wchet-grm,wchet-pol,wchet-gej,wchet-zar,wchet-brw,wchet-say,wchet-bul,wchet-kir,wchet-tal,wchet-zul,wchet-sha,wchet-klr,wchet-ngz,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *mar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fat' 1, 'oil' 2
Tera: mar 2 [Nm]
Bura: mal 2[CLR: 260]
Kilba: mal 1,2 [CLR]
Hidkala: mael 2 [CLR]
Glavda: wàla 2 [Rp
Guduf: wálà 2 [CLR]
Mofu-Gudur: mál 2 [BMof]
Gisiga: mal 2 [CLR]
Sukur: mir 2 [CLR]
Gude: mā́rá 2 [Hs]
Gudu: már̀́ 1 [Kr N 223]
Nzangi: mare 1 [Kr]
Fali Jilvu: malĩ 1 [Kr]
Hide: m̀arɨ-n 1 [Kr]
Bachama: marǝy 1 [Kr] mare 1 [CLR]
Bata: māré 1 [CLR: 133]
Musgu: àmel 2 [CLR], 'liquid butter' [Luk]
Masa: mùl 2 [CLR]
Notes: rH > l in a number of languages
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-ter,cchet-bur,cchet-klb,cchet-hdk,cchet-glv,cchet-gdf,cchet-mof,cchet-gis,cchet-suk,cchet-gde,cchet-gdu,cchet-nza,cchet-faj,cchet-fmb,cchet-bch,cchet-bat,cchet-msg,cchet-mas,cchet-notes,

Search within this database


Low East Cushitic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Low East Cushitic: *mor-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fat'
Oromo (Galla): moora
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-oro,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
7354610042
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov