Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *buKV
Meaning: burn, bake
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhō̆g-
Altaic: *bū́gà
Kartvelian: Georg. bug- 'verbrennen', bgol- 'kochen', bgal- 'anbrennen, sengen'
References: ND 184 *b[oʕ]ka 'heat, roast, burn'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *bhōg-
Meaning: to roast, to bake
Old Greek: phṓgō, phṓgnütai̯, aor. éphōksa, éphōsa, p. ephṓkhthēn, va. phōktó- `rösten, braten', phṓgano -n n. `Gefäss zum Rösten der Gerste', phō̂ksi-s f. `das Rösten', pl. phō̂ktai̯ f. `geröstete Gerstenkörner'
Germanic: *bak-a- vb., *bak-ō- vb., *bakk-a- vb.; *bak-s-tr-a- m.
Russ. meaning: жарить, печь
References: WP II 187 f
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *bakan-, *bakōn-, *bakkan-; *bakstra-z
Meaning: bake
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: bakan wk. `backen, braten, Hände und Füsse wärmen'; bakst-r m. `Backen, Gebäck'
Norwegian: baka
Old English: bacan (bōc) `backen, rösten, wärmen'
English: bake wk.
East Frisian: Fris bāk
Old Saxon: bakkan; bakkeri m. `bakker'
Middle Dutch: baken st.; bakeren `verwarmen, koesteren, verzorgen'; backen st. `bakken, braden'
Dutch: bakeren `wärmen, pflegen'; bakken
Middle Low German: bakeren `wärmen, pflegen'
Old High German: bahhan st. (9.Jh.); backan st. (9.Jh.) `backen, rösten, wärmen'
Middle High German: bachen st. 'backen'; sich bɛcheln `sich erwärmen, sonnen'; bachelen 'erwärmen'
German: backen (buk)
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-eastfris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 201
Root: bhē- : bhō-
English meaning: to warm, fry
German meaning: `wärmen, rösten'
Material: Ahd. bāen, bājan, nhd. bähen (*bhēi̯ō) `durch Umschläge wärmen, Brot rösten', dazu mit idg.-to-Suffix aisl. bađ `Dampfbad', as. bath, ags. bæþ, ahd. bad `Bad'; dazu auch norw. dial. bara `mit warmem Wasser reinigen', schwed. bara `aufwärmen'.

    Davon mit g-Erweiterung bhōg-

    in gr. φώγω `rösten, braten', ags. bacan, bōc, ahd. bahhan, aisl. baka, -ađa ds., mhd. sich becheln `sich wärmen, sich sonnen'; daneben mit intensiver Kons.-Schärfung ahd. backan, nhd. backen;

    gr.-illyr. βαγαρόν χλιαρόν; Λάκωνες Hes. (v. Blumental IF. 49, 175);

    Dazu vielleicht (als `heißer Wunsch') russ. bažítь, bažátь `wünschen, wonach hungern', čech. bažiti, perf. zabahnouti `nach etwas verlangen'.

References: WP. II 187.
Pages: 113
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *bū́gà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: heat, steam
Russian meaning: жар, пар
Turkic: *būg
Mongolian: *baɣa-gi-
Tungus-Manchu: *bugar
Japanese: *bák-
Comments: Martin 226 compares the Jpn. form with Kor. pagɨl-, but PA *-g- could not have been preserved in Korean. The latter should be rather derived from PA *p`ó[k]u 'swell' q. v.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *būg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steam, fog
Russian meaning: пар, туман
Karakhanid: bu (MK, IM)
Turkish: bu 'aroma' (poet.), buɣu 'steam'
Tatar: bu, bu-la-n- 'to vaporize'
Middle Turkic: buɣ (Sangl., Pav. C.), muɣ (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: buɣ, buɣ-la- 'to steam'
Uighur: buɣ
Azerbaidzhan: buG
Turkmen: būG
Oyrat: buu
Chuvash: pъʷv
Kirghiz:
Kazakh: buw; buw-la- 'to steam', bu-la- 'to treat with steam (medically)'
Noghai: buw; buwaldɨr 'hoar-frost'
Bashkir: bɨw
Balkar: buwaq 'hoar-frost'
Gagauz:
Karaim: buv
Karakalpak: puw
Kumyk: buɣaq 'hoar-frost'
Comments: EDT 292, VEWT 86, ЭСТЯ 2, 229-230, Лексика 37. The behaviour of final -g after a long vowel is probably regular (although this combination is rather rare). Turk. > MMong. buɣ (АФМ) 'steam' (Щербак 1997, 163).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *baɣa-gi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fumigate
Russian meaning: дымить
Written Mongolian: baɣagi- (L 68)
Khalkha: bāgi-
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bugar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: burnt forest, wood
Russian meaning: гарь, горелый лес
Evenki: buɣar
Even: bōrin
Comments: ТМС 1, 101.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *bák-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to boil, seethe
Russian meaning: кипеть, варить(ся)
Old Japanese: wak-
Middle Japanese: wák-
Tokyo: wàk-
Kyoto: wák-
Kagoshima: wák-
Comments: JLTT 783.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : burn, roast
Eurasiatic : *buKV
Afroasiatic : Ar. buʕkūk-at- 'heat', PCh *bk- 'roast, burn'
Sino-Caucasian : *ṗV́gwV (~-ḳw-)
Austric : (Peiros 1989, 128) PAA *bVk 'hot, burn' (perhaps = *buk 'ashes'?)
Amerind (misc.) : *pak 'burn' (R 100) [+ A K]; cf. also *pa(n)k 'cloud; smoke' (R 133); *pak 'sun, light' (R 720)
African (misc.) : Bantu *-bàkị- 'light (fire)' or *-pék- 'rub (fire) with firestick'.
Notes : In Nostr. cf. also *ṗäḳV 'hot, warm'; ? here also Berb. *fuk- 'sun'?
Reference : ND 184; GE 102 *peḳu.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-notes,globet-reference,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ṗV́gwV (~-ḳw-)
Meaning: hot, to burn, fire
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Sino-Tibetan: OC *bhākʷ 'expose to the sun'
Yenisseian: *boʔk
Burushaski: *-́poq-
Comments and references : NSC 61 *PVgwV.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-notes,

Search within this database


Yenisseian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yenisseian: *boʔk
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fire
Ket: bɔʔk
Yug: bɔʔk; bɔgdirǝŋ5 "to singe"
Pumpokol: buč (Сл., Срсл., Кл.)
Comments: ССЕ 212. Werner 1, 145.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-pum,yenet-notes,

Search within this database


Burushaski etymology :

Search within this database
Common Burushaski: *poq-
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: to bring (milk) to boiling
Yasin: d-́poq-
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
2202762167744
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov