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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔUdV
Meaning: one
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: (*ed-inъ, *edъ-va)
Altaic: *i̯ude
Uralic: *ikte (*ükte)
Kartvelian: *od-
Dravidian: *ud-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ataʁu-ci-
References: Долгопольский 1969, 300-301; ND 99a *ʔu/ü[χ/ɣ]dV (Ur-Kart-Drav-IE). Ur. can be a compound (for the 1st part cf. PD *ok-?). Dolg. adds Sem. *ʔħd ~ *wħd 'one' and some dubious Cush. forms.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ed
Meaning: part.
Avestan: at_ zur Hervorhebung des vorgehenden Wortes
Slavic: *jed-īnъ, ChSl jede kyjь 'quidam'
Latin: ecce, mēd
References: WP I 96 f
piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: оди́н,
Near etymology: одна́, одно́, укр. оди́н, одна, одно́, блр. одзíн, др.-русск. одинъ, одина, ст.-слав. ѥдинъ, ѥдина, ѥдино, но также ѥдьнъ, ѥдьна, ѥдьного и т. д. (часто в Супр., Ляпунов 167 и сл.; Дильс, Aksl. Gr. 94), болг. еди́н, една́, едно́, сербохорв. jѐдан, jѐдна, словен. édǝn, éna, éno, чеш., слвц. jeden, jedna, jedno, польск. jeden, jedna, jedyny "единственный", в.-луж. jedyn, jеnа, н.-луж. jaden, jаnа. Форма еди́ный заимств. из цслав. Праслав. *edinъ, *edina; сокращение i в ь едва ли является праслав. процессом, но скорее имело место в отдельных языках; см. Ягич, AfslPh 22, 261; Брюкнер, AfslPh 29, 119; KZ 46, 204.
Further etymology: Вероятно, сложение из *еd- и inъ; ср. едва́, лат. ессе "вон, се", ecquis "кто-нибудь?", умбр. еřеk, erse -- то же. От и.-е. основы местоименного е-; см. Бругман, Grdr. 2, 2, 326 и сл.; IF 23, 310 и сл.; Бернекер 1, 262; Миккола, Ursl. Gr. 3, 56; Вальде--Гофм. 1, 390 и сл. Менее правдоподобно сближение со ст.-слав. еда "разве, ли", др.-инд. уаdā́ "если" (Брюкнер 204). Следует, далее, отклонить сравнение с др.-инд. ādíṣ "начало", вопреки Уленбеку (Aind. Wb. 21), Ван-Вейку (IF 30, 384 и сл.); см. против этого Лиден, Тосhаr. Stud. 7; Гуйер, "Slavia", 2, 560. Вторая часть заключает в себе *inъ (см. ино́й), связанное чередованием с арм. энкл. -in "тот же самый", др.-лат. оinоs "ūnus", греч. οἴνη "одно очко", ирл. óin, оеn "один", гот. ains "один": см. Бернекер, там же; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 57; Мейе, Ét. 159; МSL 14, 348. Отсюда же одине́ц "одиноко, отдельно живущий от стада старый кабан", укр. одине́ць -- то же, польск. оdуniес "кабан, вепрь" (Потебня, РФВ, I, 77), а не калька из греч. μονιός "живущий в одиночку (о диких зверях)".
Pages: 3,122
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯ude
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to imitate, to simulate
Russian meaning: подражать, имитировать
Turkic: *öd-kün-
Japanese: *ǝja(n)si
Comments: A Turk.-Jpn. isogloss; but cf. *ădV, *idV, with a possibility of interaction.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *öd-kün-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to imitate
Russian meaning: подражать, имитировать
Karakhanid: ötgün- (MK)
Middle Turkic: öjkün- (Pav. C.), ötgün- (Abush.)
Turkmen: öjkün-
Oyrat: ökten-
Yakut: ütügün-
Dolgan: ütügün-
Tuva: ötün-
Karaim: etkin-
Comments: EDT 52, VEWT 368, ЭСТЯ 1, 515-516, Stachowski 254.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ǝja(n)si
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: equal
Russian meaning: такой же, одинаковый
Old Japanese: ojazi
Comments: JLTT 839.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 147
Proto: *ikte (*ükte)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: one
German meaning: ein, eins
Finnish: yksi (gen. yhden) 'einer, ein'
Estonian: üks (gen. ühe) 'ein, eins'
Saam (Lapp): ǫk'tâ ~ âk'tâ -vt- 'one, single' (N), akta (L) 'einer, eine, eines', akt (T), øχt, øvt (Kld. Not. A) 'ein, derselbe'
Mordovian: vejke, viJkä, väJkä (E), fkä, ifkä (M) 'ein'
Mari (Cheremis): ik' (KB U B adj.), iktǝ, iktǝt (KB), ikte, iktǝ̑t (U B) (noun)
Udmurt (Votyak): odi̮g, og (S), odik, ok (K), odị̑g, odig, og (G) 'ein, einzig'; ukmi̮s (S), ukmǝ̑s (K), ukmị̑s (G) 'neun'
Komi (Zyrian): e̮t-pi̮r (S P), ȯt-pør (PO) 'einmal, einst', e̮t́i, e̮t́ik (S), e̮ti̮k, e̮ti.k (P) 'ein, einer', ȯ.tik (PO) 'ein'; e̮kmi̮s 'neun'
Mansi (Vogul): ük (TJ), äko (KU), äk (P), akoa (So.) 'ein'
Sammalahti's version: FP *ükti
References: FUV; SKES; КЭСКЯ; MUSz. 769; Orbán G. A finnugor nyelvek számnevei, Bratislava 1932; Collinder IUrSprg. 10, JukUr. 104; Munkácsi B. Árja és kaukázusi elemek... 216
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-man,uralet-samm2,uralet-lit,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *od-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лишь, пока
English meaning: only, yet
Georgian: ode-n
Megrel: od-o
Svan: wod-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 150, EWK 268-269. Долгопольский (1969, 300-301) сближает с фин.-уг. *ükte 'один', драв. *ut- 'тот, кто составляет пару к этому' и и.-е. (слав.) *edh- 'некоторый, один' < ностр. *ʔVXdV.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *ud-
Meaning : match, pair?
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *ud- (?)
Proto-Telugu : *ud-i
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *ud- (?)
Meaning : match, pair
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : utti
Tamil meaning : a player on the opposite side, corresponding to one on one's own side in a game in which the players are divided into two parties (< Te.)
Tulu : udri
Tulu meaning : a match, pair
Number in DED : 0623
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *ud-i
Meaning : a match, an equal, a rival; equal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : uddi
Additional forms : Also uddincu to pair, match, couple; [1] uddikā̃ḍu, [2] uddī̃ḍu companion, friend
Number in DED : 623
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *ataʁu-ci-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: one
Russian meaning: один
Proto-Yupik: *ataʁu-ci-
Proto-Inupik: *ataucci-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 50
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *ataʁu-ci-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: one
Russian Meaning: один
Sirenik: atǝ́ʁǝsǝ́χ
Chaplino: atāsiq, atáz/siq*
Naukan: atásiq
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: atauciq
Chugach (AAY): PWS atūciq 'first'
Chugach (Birket-Smith): atūsiq
Central Alaskan Yupik: atauciq
Nunivak (Peripheral): ätautciχ*
PAME: *ätau-ci-q
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 50
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chug,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-pame,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ätạụccị-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: one
Russian meaning: один
Seward Peninsula Inupik: atausiq
SPI Dialects: Imaq atáûsiq, W, KI ätausiq*
North Alaskan Inupik: atausiq
NAI Dialects: B, Ingl ätausiq*
Western Canadian Inupik: atausiq
WCI Dialects: Cor ätaux́iq*, M ätausiq*
Eastern Canadian Inupik: atausiq
Greenlandic Inupik: atāsiq (atauseq*)
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 50
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVTV
Meaning : one
Eurasiatic : *ʔUdV
Afroasiatic : Sem. *ʔħd, Chad. *ʔʷaḥa/id-
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,

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