Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 2554
Proto-Semitic: *yawn- ~ *wanay-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: dove
Ugaritic: ynt 'paloma' [DLU 531]. In cultic texts as a sacrificial bird (cf. ynt ḳrt 'domestic dove', lit. "city-dove" in 1.119:10).
Hebrew: yōnā 'dove' [KB 402], pB. [Ja. 570]. The main Hbr. term for dove attested in all varieties of texts, see [TDOT IV 32ff.] for more details.
Aramaic: D.-Alla ywn 'dove' [HJ 453]. In I.8 (context fragmentary, cf. [Hackett 49]). Sam. ywn 'he-dove', ywnh 'she-dove' [Tal 338].
Judaic Aramaic: yōnǝtā, yōnā 'dove' [Ja. 570], br ywwn 'turtledove' [Sok. 99], yawnā 'dove' [ibid. 237].
Syrian Aramaic: yawnā 'columba' [Brock. 300], [PS 1580].
Mandaic Aramaic: iuna 'dove' [DM 190].
Amharic: wane 'turtledove' [K 1541]. Cf. [DRS 562] for interesting remarks on the dialectal distribution of the term.
Notes: In Gez. and Amh. clearly related forms with -s are attested (wānos 'dove' [LGz. 615], wanos, wanäs 'pigeon' [K 1542]) which may be due to contamination of the present root with the name of the prophet Jonah (cf. Gez. yonās 'dove' [LGz. 627], according to Leslau "an interpretation of the proper name Jonah"). [KB 402]: Hbr., Jud., Arm., Ugr.; [Firmage 1154]: Hbr., Ugr., Arm., Gez. (wanos).
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-uga,semet-hbr,semet-arm,semet-jud,semet-syr,semet-mnd,semet-amh,semet-notes,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *yawn- (?)
Meaning: k. of bird
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *yawn- ~ *wanay- 'dove'
Egyptian: wn (AE) 'kind of bird'
Mogogodo (Yaaku): ino 'honey-guide, greater'
Notes: Scarce data.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-mgg,afaset-notes,

Search within this database


Egyptian etymology :

Search within this database
Old Egyptian: wn (AE)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'kind of bird'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

Search within this database


Mogogodo etymology :

Search within this database
Mogogodo: ino, pl. inondi
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'honey-guide, greater'
Notes: Hei Ya 127
mgget-prnum,mgget-meaning,mgget-notes,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : HVWV
Meaning : bird
Eurasiatic : *HVwjV
Afroasiatic : *yawn- ?
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *HVwjV
Meaning: bird
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *awei
Altaic: *ā̀jbi [+ *ak`a(ŋV)]
Uralic: *wajV 'wild (animal)' ?
Kartvelian: *ixw-
Dravidian: ? *vaŋk-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝvuKa-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'eɣʷŋǝ (cf. also CK *jowa 'loon')
Comments: Cf. also PIE *ōwi̯o-, PA *èbla 'egg' (derivates?) [For forms like *'eɣʷŋǝ cf. rather PSC *ɦăχwVŋV)
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *(a)wey-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bird
Old Indian: ví-, vé- m. (gen. veḥ, acc. vim, pl. váyaḥ) `bird', váyas- n. `bird, any winged animal', vāyasá- m. `bird, large bird, crow'; {vevīyate flattert }
Avestan: vī-š, pl. gen. vay-ąm ā-vayeiti fliegt daran (von Gottheiten)
Other Iranian: MPers vāi, vāyandak Vogel
Armenian: hav `Vogel, Huhn, Henne'
Old Greek: hom. ai̯etó-s, att. āetó-s, *aiwetó-s: dial. aibetós Hsch. `Adler'
Baltic: ? *wi-š-t-ā̂ f.
Germanic: ? *wī́(g)w-an- m.
Latin: avis, gen. -is f. `Vogel; Weissagevogel'; auca `Vogel, Gans'
Other Italic: Umbr avif, avef `avēs', dat. sg. aviekate `auspicatae', aviekla `augurali'; Marr aviatas `auspicatae'
Celtic: *hawi- > MIr ai `Schwan', Ir aoi `Schwan' (nur in Wörterbüchern); *hau̯jeto-s > Cymr hwyad `Ente', OCorn hoet `Ente', Bret houad `Ente'
Russ. meaning: птица
References: WP I 21 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *wi-š-t-ā̂ f.
Meaning: hen
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: vištà `Huhn, Henne'
Lettish: vista `Huhn, Henne'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *wī́(g)wēn
Meaning: a bird
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: lang-vē m. `Alk (Uria troile)', NIsl langvīa f., langvīgi m. 1id.'
Norwegian: langvie, langve, lomvie
Swedish: dial. lomvia
Middle Dutch: wīwe, wīe, wūwe, wouwe
Dutch: wouw m.
Middle Low German: wīe, wīge m., f. `Weihe'
Old High German: wiwo, wīo m. (8. Jh.),
Middle High German: wīe, wīge, wīhe, wīwe wk. m. 'der weihe'
German: Weihe
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 140
Root: au̯ei- (ǝu̯ei-?)
English meaning: bird
German meaning: `Vogel'
Material: Ai. víḥ, vḗḥ m. `Vogel' (Gen. vēḥ, Akk. vim), av. vīš ds. (G. Pl. vayąm, auch mit themat. Kasus vom St. vaya-), mpers. vāi, vāyandak `Vogel', ai. vayas- n. `Geflügel, Vogel', vāyasa-ḥ `Vogel, Krähe'; verbal av. ā-vayeiti `fliegt heran' (von Gottheiten), ai. vēvīyatē `flattert'.

    Gr. αἰετός `Adler', att. ἀ̄ετός, αἰβετός ἀετός Περγαι̃οι Hes. (*αι̯-ετός), alb. vi-do, vito, vidheze `Taube';

    lat. avis f. `Vogel' (davon auca `Vogel, bes. Gans'; Rückbildung aus Demin. aucella aus*avicella; falsch bei WH. I 79) = umbr. avif Akk. Pl. `aves' (aviekate D. Sg. `auspicatae', aviekla `augurali'); cymr. hwyad, acorn. hoet, bret. houad `Ente' aus *au̯i̯etos? (Pedersen KG. I 55). Arm. hav `Vogel, Hahn, Henne' kann zwar Vorschlags-h haben, aber auch als *pǝu̯- zu *pōu̯- `Junges' (slav. pъta `Vogel' usw.) gehören.

References: WP. I 21, WH. 84, 850.
See also: Im Zusammenhang damit stehen höchstwahrscheinlich die Worte für `Ei', s. unter ōu-.
Pages: 86
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ā̀jbi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Turkic: *Ebür(d)ek
Tungus-Manchu: *ābu-
Japanese: *û
Comments: Лексика 172. Jpn. *û must be a later contraction < *iw(V); medial *-j- must be reconstructed to explain the spirantization *-b- > -w-.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *Ebür(d)ek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: duck
Russian meaning: утка
Old Turkic: ödirek (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: (MK) ördek
Turkish: ördek
Tatar: ürdɛk
Middle Turkic: evrek, evek (Qutb)
Uzbek: ọrdak
Uighur: ö(r)däk
Sary-Yughur: jürdek
Azerbaidzhan: ördäk
Turkmen: ȫrdek
Khakassian: örtek
Shor: örtek
Oyrat: örtök
Halaj: irdäk
Yakut: ördükēn 'утка-чиранка'
Tuva: ödürek, edirek
Tofalar: ödrek
Kirghiz: ördök
Kazakh: üjrek
Bashkir: üjräk
Gagauz: jördek
Karaim: ördek, erdek
Karakalpak: üjrek, ördek
Kumyk: ördek dial.
Comments: EDT 205, ЭСТЯ 1, 547-548, TMN 2, 31, Лексика 172.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ābu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck (утка-морянка)
Russian meaning: вид утки (утка-морянка)
Even: āwụldụqa
Orok: awụŋGa
Oroch: auŋa
Udighe: auŋga
Comments: ТМС 1, 10.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-ork,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *û
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cormorant
Russian meaning: баклан
Old Japanese: u
Middle Japanese:
Tokyo:
Kyoto: ū̂
Kagoshima:
Comments: JLTT 559.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1122
Proto: *wajV (*wojV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: wild, shy
German meaning: wild, scheu
Komi (Zyrian): ve̮j (S V P) 'scheu, wild', vu̇j (PO) 'неприрученный, дикий, пугливый'
Khanty (Ostyak): wajǝɣ (V), wojǝ (DN), waj (O) 'Tier'
Mansi (Vogul): oj (TJ) 'Bär', woj (KU), uj (P), ūj (So.) 'Tier'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

Search within this database


Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kartvelian: *ixw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: утка
English meaning: duck
Georgian: ixv-; xv-ir-iḳ-a 'a k. of wild duck'
Megrel: ixvinǯ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): род дикой утки
Megrel meaning (Eng.): a k. of wild duck
Notes and references: EWK 181. Ср. ПИЕ *(H)awi- 'птица', алт. *āwu 'утка'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *va(ŋ)k-
Meaning : stork, crane
Proto-South Dravidian: *vaŋk-ā
Proto-Telugu : *vakk-
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaŋk-ā
Meaning : stork
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vakkā
Tamil meaning : white stork, Ardea nivea
Tamil derivates : vaŋkā a bird
Number in DED : 5206
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *vakk-
Meaning : crane
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : vakku
Number in DED : 5206
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Eskimo etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Eskimo: *ǝvuKa-
Meaning: pintail duck
Russian meaning: утка-шилохвость
Proto-Yupik: *(i)juka
Proto-Inupik: *ǝvuГa-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 140
esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

Search within this database


Yupik etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yupik: *(i)juka
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: pintail duck
Russian Meaning: утка шилохвость
Chevak (Peripheral): ijukaq
Norton Sound (Peripheral): jūkaq
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 140
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-chev,yupet-nrts,yupet-ced,

Search within this database


Inupik etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Inupik: *ǝ̊vuГa-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: pintail duck
Russian meaning: утка-шилохвость
SPI Dialects: W üjuqaq*
North Alaskan Inupik: ivuɣaq
NAI Dialects: Qaw iuɣaq
WCI Dialects: M ivuʁaq*
Eastern Canadian Inupik: ivuɣait pl. 'small ducks'
ECI Dialects: Lab ivugak* [Jen.]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 140
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-ecis,inupet-ced,

Search within this database


Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'eɣʷŋǝ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): утка (турпан, нырок)
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *emŋǝ- (~ -ạ-)
Proto-Itelmen: *'aɣŋi-č
Comments: ПЧук. *emŋǝ- < *ewŋǝ-.
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

Search within this database


Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *emŋǝ- (~ ạ)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): утка-турпан 1, гага 2
Chukchee: ɛ́mŋɛ-ɛm ", ɛmŋǝ- 1, 2
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,

Search within this database


Itelmen etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Itelmen: *'aɣŋi-č
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): утка-нырок
West Itelmen: 'aɣnɨ-č
West Itelmen meaning: fuligula mersa
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): gat. kaczki nurkowatej, sawka
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
7722551615860
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov