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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *bi=der̄
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: chin
Low Navarrese: (Amikuse) bidar
Zuberoan: bíder
Comments: Some have thought this northeastern word to be a phonetic variant of *bisar̄ ‘beard’ (q.v.), but this is impossible phonetically: ZBR has bízar ‘beard’ opposed to bíder ‘chin’. *bi=rder̄ dissimilated > *bi=der̄; cf. *a=rdar̄ > *a=dar̄ ‘horn’ (q.v.).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bnv,basqet-zbr,basqet-comments,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *Hƛɨ́lV̄
Meaning: jaw; gills
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *Hƛ_ǝlV (~-ŏ-)
Yenisseian: *jiĺ- (~x-, ʔ-)
Basque: *bi=der̄
Comments and references : 6th tone in PY contradicts tenseness in PNC, but may be just a misrecording. [Bur. tal 'palate' <> Skr. tālu- id.?]
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *Hƛ_ǝlV (~-ŏ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mouth; jaw
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔirƛ:V
Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ:al
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Not very widely spread, but phonetically and semantically quite plausible.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ʔirƛ:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: jaw
Chamalal: erƛ:ʷ
Tindi: erƛ:i
Godoberi: eluƛ:a
Comments: Cf. also Cham. Gig. erƛi.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ:al
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mouth
Rutul: ɣal
Tsakhur: ɣal
Comment: 4th class in Rut. and Tsakh. Obl. stem *ƛ:olV- (cf. Rut. ɣɨli-). Phonetically coincides with PL *ƛ:al 'bark, shell' (q.v.), although such a semantic shift is hard to explain.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *jiĺ- (~x-, ʔ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: gills
Yug: iĺej6, pl. iĺejǝŋ5
Comments: ССЕ 233. Werner 1, 360.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-sym,yenet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : LVLV
Meaning : tongue
Eurasiatic : *tilV(ŋV)
Sino-Caucasian : ? *Hƛɨ́lV
Austric : *dilaʔ tongue, lick
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-austr,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tilV(ŋV)
Meaning: tongue
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dleng'hu̯-

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