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Meaning : "dog" | Query method: Match substring

Total of 12 records
\data\eura\globet
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : dog
Eurasiatic : *KUCV ?
Afroasiatic : *ḳVĉ-, *gVʒ- 'hyena, dog' (Sem., Berb., Eg., Cush.)
Sino-Caucasian : PNC *gwăǯē 'bitch, dog'
Amerind (misc.) : *kucu 'dog' (R 180) [ + A]
African (misc.) : Cf. Sandawe gwece 'wild dog'.
Reference : ND 978, 1004.
Borean (approx.) : KVNV
Meaning : wolf, dog
Eurasiatic : *ḲüjnA
Afroasiatic : *kwVHen-
Sino-Caucasian : *χHwĕ́je
Austric : PAN *u(ŋ)kuq 'puppy'? (POc. *nkaun 'dog'?)
Amerind (misc.) : *(a)kuan 'dog' (R 179) [+ A K]
Reference : МССНЯ 334, ОСНЯ 1, 361-362; GE 7 *kuan (+ ? Khois., ?IP).
Borean (approx.) : CVRPV
Meaning : dog, wolf
Afroasiatic : *ǯiʔib-
Sino-Caucasian : *čɨrbV́
Reference : ND 2771 *ǯiʔVbV 'wolf' (SH; Nostr. parallels are unreliable; Georg. čiba 'young dog' definitely < NC).
Borean (approx.) : HVCV
Meaning : dog
Afroasiatic : *yaŝ- ~ *wayŝ-
Austric : PAN *asu, PAA *ʔǝcɔ 'dog'
Amerind (misc.) : *ciʔ ~ *cuʔ 'dog' (R 181) [+ K] (also *waš 'dog' 186 [+ A]; *ʔawCi 'dog' under *ʔaw 'fox' R 292)
Notes : [In my opinion, the WChad. form *ʔac- should be rather split between two roots: there is also a *Hid- in Afroasiatic - S.A.S].
Borean (approx.) : NVNTV
Meaning : dog
Eurasiatic : *ŋindV
Afroasiatic : ? Berb. *jVḍ/daw, CCh *Hid- 'dog' [I think also part of WChad. forms -S.A.S]
Borean (approx.) : KVPV
Meaning : dog
Eurasiatic : *ḳVpV ?
Notes : Highly dubious; only Turkic and Siberian.
Borean (approx.) : KVLV
Meaning : dog
Afroasiatic : *kVl-
Austric : *kVlu(R)
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : dog
Sino-Caucasian : *c̣VḳV (?) puppy, dog
Notes : Rather dubious: only NC and Basque, and involving a metathesis.
Borean (approx.) : KVTV
Meaning : dog, wolf
Afroasiatic : *gaʕad- dog, wolf
Austric : ? AN (Phil.) *kitV 'dog'; Mundari sɛta 'dog'
Notes : Cf. Ainu *sieta 'dog' ?
Borean (approx.) : HVMV
Meaning : dog
Austric : Tai. *hmaA dog
Notes : Completely isolated in Thai; etymology unknown (cf. Athapask. *mằH 'wolf, coyote'?).
Borean (approx.) : NVKV
Meaning : dog
Eurasiatic : *ŋVḳV
Amerind (misc.) : *nuq 'dog' (R 184) [+ A K]
Borean (approx.) : PVRV
Meaning : dog, wolf
Eurasiatic : *bVrV
Afroasiatic : *ba(ʔ)rVw/y-
Sino-Caucasian : *bHV̆rgĂ
Amerind (misc.) : *puku 'dog' (R 185) (cf. also *pura 'fox; dog, wolf' R 293)
globet-meaning,globet-afas,globet-meaning,globet-austr,globet-meaning,globet-meaning,globet-austr,globet-meaning,globet-afas,globet-meaning,globet-meaning,globet-meaning,globet-scc,globet-meaning,globet-afas,globet-austr,globet-notes,globet-meaning,globet-austr,globet-meaning,globet-meaning,
Total of 12 records


Total of 7 records
\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *ḲüjnA
Meaning: wolf, dog
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'uu̯on-
Altaic: ? *káŋV
Uralic: *küjnä 'wolf' (Wichmann FUF)
Eskimo-Aleut: *qǝnʁa- (~ *qiHǝnʁa-?)
Comments: [For PA cf. rather PIE *(s)ken- 527?]
References: МССНЯ 334, ОСНЯ 1, 361-362; ND 1083 *Ḳüy(a)n̄V 'wolf, dog'.
Eurasiatic: *ŋindV
Meaning: dog
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ŋĭ̀ndó
Uralic: ?Sam. *wen (Janh. 173)
Dravidian: *ńāj(t)-
Eurasiatic: *ŋVḳV
Meaning: dog, wolf
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ŋi̯ā̀k`u
Uralic: *ńukV-śV 'Zobel, Marder' (UEW 326) (+ Sam. *noka)
Dravidian: [*n[u]kuṛi 'dog' [3650] ]
References: ND 1547a *NUḲV 'canine' (Mong.:Ur. + differ. Drav.), 1587 *ńUḲV 'small fur-bearing animal' (same Ur. + Arab. 'hyena').
Eurasiatic: *c`VnV
Meaning: dog harness
Indo-European: ? *swendh-
Altaic: *sŏ̀nu
Uralic: *ćinV (ćenV)
References: ND 345 *c̣en̄V 'to tie, bind, plait' compares Ur. with Kartv. *ć̣an- / ć̣n- 'to plait; twig', and further - with SH *c̣n- 'tie; basket'.
Eurasiatic: *[z]VɣlV ?
Meaning: dog, fur animal
Altaic: *sólukV ( ~ z-, -ĺ-, -ak-, -k`-) ? Cf. also *si̯alo(-kV)
Kartvelian: *ʒ́aɣl-
Dravidian: *ǯā[v]il-
Comments: Expected *z- in Kartv. (unless PA had a diphthong).
References: ND 2728 *ʒaɣiĺ/ḷV (Kartv., Drav. + Arab., Sa-Af.?). Cf. also PAfAs *si/ulal- 'wild feline animal'?
Eurasiatic: *ḳVpV ?
Meaning: dog
Borean: Borean
Altaic: Turk. *köpek
Eskimo-Aleut: *qǝpǝnǝʁ
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: CKor *qeper(e) wolverine
Comments: A Turk.-Siberian isogloss.
Eurasiatic: *KUCV [?]
Meaning: dog, wolf
Borean: Borean
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *hǝshǝ 'dog'
Comments: A local Siberian root.
nostret-meaning,nostret-meaning,nostret-meaning,nostret-drav,nostret-meaning,nostret-meaning,nostret-meaning,nostret-meaning,nostret-chuk,
Total of 7 records


\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k'wen-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dog
Hittite: h.l. śuwanis (Tischler 500)
Tokharian: A ku, obl. kon, B ku `собака' (Adams 179)
Old Indian: ś(u)vā́, gen. śúnaḥ m. `dog'
Avestan: spā, gen. sūnō 'Hund'; spaka- 'hunderartig, Hund-'
Armenian: šun, gen. šan `Hund'
Old Greek: küṓn, gen. künós, acc. kǘna m., f. `Hund, Hündin'
Baltic: *čō̃ (*čun=), *čwin-ia- c., -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xun-d-a- m.
Celtic: OIr cū, gen. con; Cymr ci, pl. cwn; Bret, Corn ki 'Hund'
Russ. meaning: зверек (собака)
References: WP I 465 f
piet-meaning,piet-ind,


Total of 2 records
\data\ie\baltet
Proto-Baltic: *čō̃ (*čun=), *čwin-ia- c., -iā̃ f.
Meaning: dog
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: šuõ, gen. šuñs / alt. šunès, pl. alt., dial šùnes `Hund' Lith dial. švìni-s, f. švìnē 'Hund (als Schimpfword)
Lettish: suns, gen. sun̨a (alt: suns) `Hund', sùntene2 `grosser Hund' (verächtlich)
Old Prussian: sunis 'Hund' (ME III:1122)
Proto-Baltic: *kal-iā̃, *skal-ik-a- c., *skal-ī- vb., *skal-en-ik-a- m.
Meaning: dog, hound
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: kãlē, kalē̃ `Hündin', skalìka-s `fortgesetzt belfernder Jagdhund', skãlīti `anschlagen (vom Jagdhund)'
Old Prussian: scalenix `Vorstehhund'
baltet-meaning,baltet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *xunda-z
Meaning: dog
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hund-s m. (a) `dog'
Old Norse: hund-r m. `Hund'
Norwegian: hund
Swedish: hund
Danish: hund
Old English: hund, -es m. `hound, dog'
English: hound
Old Frisian: hund
Old Saxon: hund
Middle Dutch: hont
Dutch: hond m.
Old Franconian: hund
Middle Low German: hund
Old High German: hunt (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: hunt (-d-) st. m. 'hund, jagdhund'
German: Hund m.
germet-meaning,germet-got,germet-oengl,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\ie\pokorny
Number: 1077
Root: k̂u̯on-, k̂un-
English meaning: dog
German meaning: `Hund'
Grammatical comments: ursprüngl. Nom. Sg. k̂úu̯ō(n), Gen. k̂unós
Material: Ai. śvā́ und ś(u)vā́ `Hund', Gen. śúnas, Akk. śvā́nam, Akk. Pl. śúnas; av. spā, spānǝm, Gen. Pl.sū̆nam, med. (Herodot) σπάκα (*k̂u̯n̥-ko- `hundeartig': ai. śvaka- `Wolf'), mpers. sak, npers. sag, kurd. sah, wāχi šač; aus dem Iran. stammen alb. shak(ë) `Hündin', gr. σπάδακες κύνες Hes. (aus *σπάκαδες) und russ. sobáka `Hund'; vgl. npers. sabah;

    arm. šun, Gen. šan `Hund' (mit unklarem š); nicht gut vereinbar mit skund `Hündchen', falls aus *k̂u̯on-to-, -tā; oder zu den oben S. 564 unter *ken- `frisch hervorkommen' besprochenen Tierjungenbezeichnungen?;

    mit fürs Thrak.-Phryg. auffälligem Gutt. lyd. Κανδάυλης `κυν-άγχης', thrak. GN Καν-δάων (zum 2. Glied s. dhāu- `würgen');

    gr. κύων, κυνός `Hund' (κύντερος `hündischer, d. i. unverschämter', Sup. κύντατος; zu κυνάμυια vgl. lit. šun-musė̃ `Hundsfliege');

    ganz unklar lat. canis `Hund', cănēs ursprüngl. altes fem. `Hündin', canīcula (vgl. ai. śunī f.) hinsichtlich des a; vielleicht Einmischung eines dem mir. cano, cana `Wolfsjunges', cymr.cenaw `junger Hund oder Wolf' (s. ken-3) entsprechenden Wortes (so auch lyd. Καν-δαύ̄λης?);

    air. (Gen. con = κυνός), cymr. ci (Pl. cwn - κύνες, lit. šùnes), bret. corn. ki `Hund' aus *k̂u̯ō;

    got. hunds, aisl. hundr, ags. hund, ahd. hunt `Hund' (k̂u̯n̥-tó-), s. oben;

    lit. šuõ (Gen. šuñs) `Hund' (zum i-St. geworden in lit. dial. šunis, lett. suns, apr. sunis `Hund'); t-Form lett. suntana `großer Hund'; lett. kuńa `Hündin' wohl mit westidg. Gutt., Trautmann Bsl. Wb. 310? oder das k von kuca ds. (Lockruf); vgl. Būga Kalba ir s. I 196; ganz fraglich aber russ. poln. suka `Hündin';

    toch. A ku, Obl. kon, В Nom. ku.

    Die Bedeutung von lat. canis als `unglücklicher Wurf beim Würfelspiel' kehrt in gr. κύων wieder, sowie in ai. śva-ghnín- eigentlich `Hundetöter', d. i. `der die schlechten Würfe vermeidende, gewerbsmäßige, auch unredliche Spieler'; vgl. auch gr. κίνδῡνος `Gefahr (*Hundswurf)' aus *κυν-δῡνος, zu ai. dyūtá `Spiel'? Schwyzer Gr. Gr. 1, 335 oben.

References: WP. I 465 f., WH. I 152 f.; Kuryɫowicz Accentuation 19; nach Specht Idg. Dekl. 32, 121 f.
See also: Ableitung von der Farbwurzel k̂eu-2, S. 594.
Pages: 632-633
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 4 records
\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *káŋV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Turkic: *KAŋ-čɨk
Tungus-Manchu: *kači-kān
Korean: *kàŋ-
Comments: The TM form may belong here if it goes back to *kaŋ-čikān (= PT *Kaŋčɨk, MKor. kàŋ'àčí). See SKE 84-85, ТМС 1,385, Menges 1984, 270-271, АПиПЯЯ 296, Дыбо 9; TMN 3, 520 ("alles sehr unsicher").
Proto-Altaic: *ŋĭ̀ndó
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Turkic: *ɨt / *it
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋinda-
Japanese: *ìnú
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 49, 72, 101, 274, Дыбо 9, Лексика 189. {Cf. Mong. ɣudarɣa 'пес, собака (бран.)' ?}.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ā̀k`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog, wolf
Russian meaning: песец, собака
Turkic: *eker
Mongolian: *nokaj
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōKe
Korean: *nǝkori
Comments: Lee 1958, 115, АПиПЯЯ 18; a different analysis see in ОСНЯ 2,35.
Proto-Altaic: *sŏ̀nu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog hunt, dog rope
Russian meaning: охота с собаками, собачий повод
Turkic: *sonar
Tungus-Manchu: *suna
Korean: *sànhằiŋ
Japanese: *sùnà-tǝr-
Comments: The Kor. form is a secondary derivative from an unattested verb *sàn-hă-, which explains the "verbal" low tone (although the -a-vowel is not quite expected, possibly - a dissimilation from *sằn-hă-). The Jpn. meaning is obviously secondary ("hunting" > "fishing").
altet-meaning,altet-meaning,altet-meaning,altet-meaning,
Total of 4 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 5 records
\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *köpek
Meaning: 1 dog 2 hound 3 sheep-dog 4 yard dog 5 puppy
Russian meaning: 1 собака 2 охотничий пес 3 овчарка 4 дворовая собака 5 щенок
Karakhanid: köpek 1 (KB)
Turkish: köpek 1, göbelek 5
Middle Turkic: köpek (Pav. C., AH) 1, köbelek 2 (OKypch.)
Uzbek: kọppäk 1; köpäk 1 (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: köpäk 1
Turkmen: köpek 1
Oyrat: köbök 'ethnonym; name of a hero'
Kazakh: köpek 1
Gagauz: köpek 1
Karaim: köpe 1 (K)
Karakalpak: köpek 1
Kumyk: köbelek 3, göben it 4
Comments: VEWT 291, TMN 3, 646-647, ЭСТЯ 5, 111-112, Лексика 189. Basically an Oghuz word, but cf. also Kum. göben, OKypch. köbelek 'shepherd's dog' (Bulgat, ad-Durr., Houts., AH) = Tur. dial. göbelek 'puppy' (possibly < Kypch.), see ЭСТЯ ibid. Despite ЭСТЯ, Kirgh. qara köbölök 'evil spirit appearing as a girl dressed in black and with a black greyhound' is rather = köbölök 'butterfly' (cf. the archaic mythological motive of evil spirit appearing as a butterfly), but a contamination with the word for dog attested in Old Kypchak also cannot be excluded. However, Kalm. köwlǝg 'greyhound' is not < Kirgh., but from Old Kypchak. The same source is probable for Russ. кобель, dimin. кобелёк (a re-analysis?) - the word is absent in other Slavic languages, the list of absolutely hopeless etymological attempts can be found in Фасмер II 267. It was attested for the first time in 1599 as a term for a hounting hound: у государевы царевы охоты у кобелей у меделянскихъ; the form кобелек (attested in 1673) see in СРЯ XI-XVIII, 7, 208. Turk. > Hung. kopó 'bloodhound', see Gombocz 1912 (Doerfer in TMN 3, 647 objects, but the word has no Finno-Ugric etymology).
Proto-Turkic: *ɨt / *it
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Old Turkic: ɨt (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨt (MK, KB)
Turkish: it (arch.)
Tatar: et
Middle Turkic: ɨt (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: it
Uighur: it
Sary-Yughur: ɨšt
Azerbaidzhan: it
Turkmen: it
Halaj: it
Chuvash: jɨdъ
Yakut: ɨt
Dolgan: ɨt
Tuva: ɨ't
Tofalar: ɨ't
Kirghiz: it
Kazakh: i_t
Noghai: ijt
Bashkir: et
Balkar: it
Karakalpak: ijt
Salar: išt
Comments: VEWT 174, TMN 2, 173-4, EDT 34, ЭСТЯ 1, 385, Егоров 83, Лексика 188, Stachowski 262.
Proto-Turkic: *sonar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hunting (with dogs)
Russian meaning: охота (с собаками)
Turkish: (Kurdak) sumar-la- 'to hunt' (R.)
Tatar: sunar
Chuvash: (Bulgar) somor 'dog'
Yakut: sonor
Kirghiz: sonor
Kazakh: sonar-la- 'to trace' (КТТС)
Bashkir: hunar
Comments: VEWT 428, ЭСТЯ 7 (here related to *sonɨ 'untouched snow or grass' which is rather dubious). Tat. > Chuv. sunar 'id.' (Федотов 2, 63).
Proto-Turkic: *eker
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hunting dog
Russian meaning: охотничья собака
Tatar: igɛr (Sib.)
Middle Turkic: iger (Буд.)
Shor: eger
Oyrat: eger
Halaj: eger
Chuvash: agar jɨtti ( > Hung. agár, see Gombocz 1912)
Noghai: eger (Kum.)
Bashkir: igɛr 'a bastard of a wolf and a dog'
Comments: VEWT 38, 23.
Proto-Turkic: *sɨrɨ- ~ *sarɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to defecate (of a dog)
Russian meaning: испражняться (о собаке)
Old Turkic: sɨrɨ- ~ sarɨ- (MK)
Comments: EDT 845.
turcet-meaning,turcet-meaning,turcet-meaning,turcet-chv,turcet-meaning,turcet-bas,turcet-meaning,
Total of 5 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 6 records
\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *nokaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Written Mongolian: noqai (L 592)
Middle Mongolian: noxai (HY 11), noqai (SH), noɣaj (IM), nuqaj (MA)
Khalkha: noxoj
Buriat: noxoj
Kalmuck: noxǟ, noxā
Ordos: noxȫ
Dongxian: noGi, noɣǝi
Baoan: noGui
Dagur: nogo, nogu, nog (Тод. Даг. 158) nohe (MD 200)
Shary-Yoghur: noxGui
Monguor: noxwǝ (SM 282), noxui (Huzu)
Mogol: noqɛi; ZM noqei (21-5)
Comments: KW 278, MGCD 513, TMN 1, 520.
Proto-Mongolian: *kičig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: puppy, young of dog
Russian meaning: щенок
Written Mongolian: kičig
Middle Mongolian: güčük (HY)
Kalmuck: kičǝg
Dongxian: kiǯǝu
Shary-Yoghur: gǝčig
Comments: KW 233, MGCD 300. Evn. köčükēn, kučukēn 'sm, little child' (ТМС 1, 421) should be regarded as a loan < Mong.
Proto-Mongolian: *gub-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wooden clamp put on the nose of a young camel; stick attached to the neck of a dog 2 to put a saddlecloth on the back of an animal 3 to catch fish with a net
Russian meaning: 1 деревянный зажим на носу молодого верблюда; палка, прикрепленная к шее собаки 2 класть попону на спину животного 3 ловить рыбу сетью
Written Mongolian: ɣubaǯi 1, ɣubči- 2, 3 (L 363)
Middle Mongolian: xubuči'ur 'big net' (HY 21)
Khalkha: guvǯ 1, guvči- 2, 3
Buriat: gubša- 3, gubšūr `net'
Kalmuck: ɣuvǯǝ 1 (КРС)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. gupči- (Poppe 1972, 97, ТМС 1, 153).
Proto-Mongolian: *sib-
Meaning: 1 perspiration (of feet) 2 odour of dogs and cats
Russian meaning: 1 пот (на ногах) 2 запах собак и кошек
Written Mongolian: siberi 1, sibtür 2 (L 695, 696)
Khalkha: šiver 1, šivter 2
Buriat: šeber 1
Kalmuck: šiwṛ 1 (КРС)
Ordos: šiwer 1
Comments: Mong. > Man. siberi etc. (ТМС 2, 135-136, Rozycki 179). Cf. Man. šebte- 'to soak; to sweat' (ТМС 2, 100).
Proto-Mongolian: *sari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to urinate (of a dog)
Russian meaning: мочиться (о собаке)
Written Mongolian: sari- (L 675: 'to urinate in an irregular manner')
Khalkha: sari- (Gomb.)
Buriat: hari-
Kalmuck: säŕ-
Ordos: sari-
Comments: KW 319. Mong. > Kirgh. sarɨ- id.
Proto-Mongolian: *gölige
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pup, young dog or cat
Russian meaning: щенок, детеныш собаки или кошки
Written Mongolian: gölüge, gölige (L 386)
Khalkha: gölög
Buriat: gülge(n)
Kalmuck: gölgǝ
Ordos: gölögö
Dagur: gulug, gulgū (Тод. Даг. 133)
Shary-Yoghur: gǝlǝg
Monguor: gorgo (SM 143), gulgo
Comments: KW 137, MGCD 300.
monget-meaning,monget-meaning,monget-meaning,monget-meaning,monget-meaning,monget-meaning,
Total of 6 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 11 records
\data\alt\tunget
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ŋinda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Evenki: ŋinakin, ginakin
Even: ŋịn
Negidal: ŋinaxin/ninaxin
Spoken Manchu: jonǝhuŋ, inǝhuŋ (2177)
Literary Manchu: indaxun
Jurchen: ŋinda-xiun (147)
Ulcha: ịŋda
Orok: ŋinda
Nanai: ịnda
Oroch: inaki
Udighe: ina`i (Корм. 238)
Solon: ninaxĩ
Comments: ТМС 1, 661-662.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kem-ki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite (of a dog, goose)
Russian meaning: кусать, хватать за ноги
Literary Manchu: kemki-
Comments: ТМС 1, 448. Attested only in Manchu, but probably archaic (cf. the external evidence).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *iandaku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 racoon dog 2 badger 3 young of badger 4 wolverine
Russian meaning: 1 енотовидная собака 2 барсук 3 барсучонок 4 росомаха
Evenki: jantakī 4
Negidal: jandako 1
Literary Manchu: jandači 3
Ulcha: jandaqụ 1
Nanai: jandaqo 1
Oroch: jandaku 1, jadači 2
Udighe: jandasi 2
Comments: ТМС 1,341, 249. Interdialectal loans are not excluded.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *suna
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dog rope
Russian meaning: сворка (поводок для нескольких собак)
Evenki: suna
Even: hụ̄ŋkan
Literary Manchu: suna
Ulcha: sụna
Orok: suna
Nanai: sona
Oroch: sūna 'shaman's posterior belt'
Comments: ТМС 2, 127. Since the archaic meaning must have been 'hunting with dogs', it seems possible to connect also Manchu sunte-, suntebu- 'to destroy the enemy' (ТМС 127) (whence Dag. suntu- id., Тод. Даг. 164). Evk. > Dolg. hunakān (see Stachowski 111).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōKe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sable 2 male (of dog, wolf, fox) 3 wolf 4 racoon
Russian meaning: 1 соболь 2 самец (собаки, волка, лисы) 3 волк 4 енот
Evenki: ńēkē 1
Even: ŋȫke 2
Spoken Manchu: juxǝ, juxu 3 (2204)
Literary Manchu: ńoxe 3, nuxere 'puppy'
Nanai: naoto 4 ( < *ŋoke-tu)
Oroch: ŋöksjö 3
Udighe: nautu 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 587, 651, 665, 606.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sigu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become silent (stop breathing or talking) 2 to stop crying 3 to breathe loudly (of a dog)
Russian meaning: 1 замолкать (задерживать дыхание, голос) 2 переставать плакать 3 громко дышать (о собаке)
Evenki: siɣuna- 1, 3
Even: hịɣ- 2
Nanai: siŋčien- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 78.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a big seal 2 wild goat 3 a variegated dog breed
Russian meaning: 1 нерпа (крупная) 2 коза (дикая) 3 пестрая порода собаки
Even: kajir 2
Orok: qaịɣarị 1
Nanai: kiaktān 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 361, 362.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *deken
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: last pair of dogs in the team
Russian meaning: последняя пара собак в упряжке
Ulcha: deke(n)
Nanai: dekẽ
Comments: ТМС 1, 231.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tolga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sleigh (with dogs)
Russian meaning: нарта (собачья)
Evenki: tolgokī; tolgodō- 'to go in a sleigh'
Negidal: tolgoxị̃
Nanai: tolkị
Comments: ТМС 2, 194.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *meŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hurry 2 to run around (of a dog) 3 to run (of cattle)
Russian meaning: 1 торопиться, спешить 2 бегать (о бродячей собаке) 3 резвиться (о скоте)
Evenki: meniw-, meŋiw- 1
Even: men-, menu- 1, munŋъn- 2
Literary Manchu: muŋre-, muŋgire- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 556-557, 569. Cf. also Evn. All. maŋdị- 'to trot'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čulupkī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hobble (a dog) 2 dog-collar
Russian meaning: 1 привязывать (собаку) 2 собачий ошейник
Evenki: čulupkī- 1, čulupkīwun 2
Even: čölipkin 1, čölipkin- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 413.
tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,tunget-meaning,
Total of 11 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *kàŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dog 2 puppy
Russian meaning: 1 собака 2 щенок
Modern Korean: 1, kaŋaǯi 2
Middle Korean: kàhí 1, kàŋ'àčí 2
Comments: Nam 8, 28, KED 65, 61. The form kàhí points to a suffixed *kàŋ-h- ( < *kaŋV-k-). With *-ń- cf. also MKor. kǝ̀ń'uǝ̀ńí 'a k. of dog' (Liu 50).
Proto-Korean: *sap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: long-haired dog
Russian meaning: лохматая собака
Modern Korean: sapsari, sapsal kǟ
Middle Korean: sapsări, sàpsár-kàhí
Comments: Liu 439, KED 906.
koret-meaning,koret-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *ìnù
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Old Japanese: inu
Middle Japanese: ìnù
Tokyo: inú
Kyoto: ínù
Kagoshima: ínu ( = íŃ)
Nase: ìŃ
Shuri: íŃ
Hateruma: ìnú
Yonakuni: ìnù
Comments: JLTT 425.
Proto-Japanese: *tàtàkaí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of badger, racoon-dog
Russian meaning: вид барсука, енотовидной собаки
Old Japanese: tatake
Middle Japanese: tàtàké
Comments: JLTT 542.
Proto-Japanese: *tànúkí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: racoon dog
Russian meaning: енотовидная собака
Middle Japanese: tànúkí
Tokyo: tánuki
Kyoto: tànúkì
Kagoshima: tanukí
Comments: JLTT 541.
japet-meaning,japet-meaning,japet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\uralic\uralet
Number: 753
Proto: *pene
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: dog
German meaning: Hund
Finnish: peni, gen. penin 'Welf', penikka 'Hündchen'
Estonian: peni 'Hund'
Saam (Lapp): bænâ -dnâg- (N), pǟna (L), pi͔e͔nnαi (Ko. Not.), piennαɣ (Kld.), piena̮g (T)
Mordovian: pińe (E), piä (M)
Mari (Cheremis): pi (KB U), pij (B), punị (KB), pǝ̑nǝ̑ (K), punị̑ (G) 'Hund'
Komi (Zyrian): pon (S P), pun (PO)
Hungarian: fene 'wild, gräulich' ?
Sammalahti's version: FP *penä
Number: 1752
Proto: *ämpV (*empV)
English meaning: dog
German meaning: Hund
Khanty (Ostyak): ämp (V), ȧmp (DN O) 'Hund'
Mansi (Vogul): ǟmp (TJ), ɔ̄̈mp (KU), āmp (P So.)
Hungarian: ëb (selt.) (altung. ębek)
uralet-meaning,uralet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *pin-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: собака
English meaning: dog
Megrel: pin-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 366 сравнивается с урал. *penV 'собака', драв. *peṇ- 'самка'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xwir-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: самец, кобель
English meaning: male, male dog
Svan: xwir-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 362 сравнивается с ПИЕ *wīro-, алт. *orV, урал. *[wɨ]ra.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́aɣl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: собака
English meaning: dog
Georgian: ʒaɣl-
Megrel: ǯoɣor-
Svan: žeɣ-, žaɣ-
Laz: ǯoɣo(r)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 236, EWK 484.
kartet-meaning,kartet-meaning,kartet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 4 records
\data\drav\dravet
Proto-Dravidian : *al- (?)
Meaning : dog
Proto-North Dravidian : *al-ā
Notes : Isolated NDR forms. Tamil ñāḷ cannot belong here.
Proto-Dravidian : *er-Vc-
Meaning : wild dog
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-Telugu : *rēc-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *eris
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *rac- (?)
Notes : Maybe, but not necessarily, related to SDR *er- 'red'.
Proto-Dravidian : *ńāj(t)-
Meaning : dog
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *nāj-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *ńajt-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nāj-
Proto-Dravidian : *ǯā[v]il-
Meaning : dog
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *ǯāvil-
Proto-Telugu : *ǯāgil-
dravet-meaning,dravet-meaning,dravet-meaning,dravet-meaning,
Total of 4 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 8 records
\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *ǯāvil-
Meaning : dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : jāyila
Kannada meaning : dog
Tulu : jāvaḷa-nāyi
Tulu meaning : wolf-dog
Number in DED : 2459
Proto-South Dravidian : *čū-
Meaning : dog-sound (expr.)
Tamil :
Tamil meaning : sound uttered in setting on dogs
Kannada :
Kannada meaning : sound uttered in setting on dogs
Tulu : cu, cū
Tulu meaning : sound uttered in setting on dogs
Number in DED : 2718
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńāḷ-
Meaning : dog
Tamil : ñāḷi, nāḷi, ñeḷḷai, (?) ñamali
Tamil meaning : dog
Number in DED : 2916
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāj-
Meaning : dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nāy, nāi
Tamil meaning : dog
Malayalam : nāy
Malayalam meaning : dog
Kannada : nāy, nāyi
Kannada meaning : dog
Kannada derivates : nāyitana doggishness
Kodagu : nāy
Kodagu meaning : dog
Tulu : nāyi
Tulu meaning : dog
Proto-Nilgiri : *nāj
Number in DED : 3650
Proto-South Dravidian : *Paṭ-i
Meaning : dog, bitch
Tamil : paṭṭi
Tamil meaning : dog
Tamil derivates : pāṭṭi female of hog, dog or fox
Malayalam : paṭṭi
Malayalam meaning : dog, bitch
Malayalam derivates : paṭṭicci bitch
Number in DED : 3870
Proto-South Dravidian : *bogg-
Meaning : dog
Kannada : boggã
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) male dog
Kannada derivates : boggi bitch
Tulu : bogre, (B-K also) boggé
Tulu meaning : dog
Tulu derivates : boggi bitch
Number in DED : 4466
Proto-South Dravidian : *loḷ-
Meaning : dog's barking (expr.)
Kannada : loḷ, ḷoḷ, loḷ loḷ, ḷoḷ ḷoḷ
Kannada meaning : imitation of the sound of a dog's barking
Number in DED : 5198
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāŋ-
Meaning : to call; to cry (of dog)
Tamil : vāŋku (vāŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to call; abuse, reproach; n. abuse, rebuke
Tamil derivates : (Ramnad dial.; Annamalai, p. 875) vāŋkā piṭi to scream
Kannada : bāŋku
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) cry of a dog
Number in DED : 5337
sdret-meaning,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tulmean,sdret-meaning,sdret-tammean,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tulmean,sdret-meaning,sdret-tammean,sdret-meaning,sdret-tammean,sdret-malmean,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tulmean,sdret-meaning,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-malmean,sdret-meaning,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tulmean,sdret-meaning,sdret-kanmean,sdret-meaning,sdret-kanmean,
Total of 8 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\drav\ktet
Proto-Nilgiri : *nāj
Meaning : dog
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : nāy
Toda : nōy
Number in DED : 3650
Proto-Nilgiri : *geṇḍ
Meaning : dog's penis becomes stuck in copulation
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : geṇḍ kaṭ- (kac-)
Number in DED : 1949
Proto-Nilgiri : *vav
Meaning : noise of dog or jackal barking (one explosive bark)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : vav
Additional forms : Also Kota vav vav repeated barking
Number in DED : 5290
ktet-meaning,ktet-meaning,ktet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 4 records
\data\drav\telet
Proto-Telugu : *rēc-
Meaning : a sort of ounce or lynx said to climb trees and to destroy tigers; (B) a hound or wild dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : rēcu
Dialectal forms (1) : rēcu-kukka
Number in DED : 817
Proto-Telugu : *kukk-
Meaning : dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kukka
Number in DED : 1796
Proto-Telugu : *koṇat-
Meaning : a stick to tie a dog to
Telugu : koṇata (B)
Dialectal forms (1) : koṇatamu (B)
Additional forms : Also (VPK) [1] koḍatam, [2] kontam a hooked stick on which are hung ropes and other accessories of the plough; a stick 2 feet long, at right angles to the harrow, to which the animals a rre attached by a ri rope
Number in DED : 2045
Proto-Telugu : *ǯāgil-
Meaning : hound, hunting dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : jāgilamu
Number in DED : 2459
telet-meaning,telet-meaning,telet-meaning,telet-meaning,
Total of 4 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\drav\kogaet
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *eris
Meaning : wild dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : resn āte
Parji : iric netta
Kondekor Gadba : rēs nete "hunting dog, hound"
Number in DED : 817
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mar ńet-
Meaning : wild dog
Parji : mar netta "a kind of animal (? tree-dog)"
Number in DED : 4711
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *ńajt-
Meaning : dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : āte
Naikri : āte
Naiki : āte
Parji : netta (pl. nettel)
Ollari Gadba : nēte
Salur Gadba : nette
Poya Gadba : kope nete "wild dog"
Additional forms : Also Kolami resn āte wild dog; Parji iric netta wild dog
Number in DED : 3650
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-meaning,kogaet-parji,kogaet-meaning,kogaet-poya,kogaet-addition,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\drav\gndet
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nāi-
Meaning : dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *nej
Konda : nukuṛi
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *neikuṛ
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *nājkuṛ-i
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *rac- (?)
Meaning : wild dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *rac-i
gndet-meaning,gndet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 4 records
\data\drav\gonet
Proto-Gondi : *buR-
Meaning : to kiss, nose (of dogs), caress
Betul Gondi : burrānā
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : burrānā
Maria Gondi : bor̨-
Adilabad Gondi : burrānā (SR)
Additional forms : Also Gondi_A (Su.) bur- to kiss
Number in DED : 4330
Number in CVOTGD : 2577
Proto-Gondi : *erm
Meaning : wild dog
Muria Gondi : arm/aṛm nay
Maria Gondi : erm ney
Durg Gondi : erom nay
Number in DED : 817
Number in CVOTGD : 353
Proto-Gondi : *nej
Meaning : dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : nai
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : nāi
Maria Gondi : ney
Koya Gondi : ney
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : nāī
Adilabad Gondi : ney
Additional forms : Also Gondi_M rac nāī, Gondi_Ko rasi ney wild dog
Number in DED : 3650
Number in CVOTGD : 2030, 3010
Proto-Gondi : *rac-i
Meaning : wild dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Koya Gondi : rasi ney
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : rac nāī
Number in DED : 817
Number in CVOTGD : 3010
gonet-meaning,gonet-meaning,gonet-meaning,gonet-addition,gonet-meaning,
Total of 4 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\drav\konet
Konda : nukuṛi
Meaning: dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3650
konet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\drav\pemet
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *kās-ă
Meaning : wild dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : kāha/kāhi nekuṛ
Manda : kāhi kucri
Number in DED : 1438
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *neikuṛ
Meaning : dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : nekuṛ, nikuṛ
Notes : The variant *neikuṛ is possible if we suggest an earlier facultative development *-eik- > *-ek-, since in Pengo nikuṛ is the correct variant.
Number in DED : 3650
pemet-meaning,pemet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\drav\kuiet
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ceR-i
Meaning : male dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Tekriya Kuwi : sehi neh'uṛi
Kuwi (Mahanti) : sehi neh'uṛi
Additional forms : Also Kuwi_T sehi male
Number in DED : 2820
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *nājkuṛ-i
Meaning : dog
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : nakuṛi (pl. nakuṛaka, nahuṛka), nahoṛi (pl. nahoṛka, nahka)
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : neh'ūri (pl. neska)
Kuwi (Schulze) : nehuḍi (pl. neska)
Sunkarametta Kuwi : nih'uṛi (pl. neska)
Kuwi (Israel) : nehʔuṛi (pl. -ka/neska)
Notes : The inlaut -y- is reconstructed: a) because of the vocalism (*-āyC- > Kui -aC-, Kuwi -eyC-); b) because Kuwi *-h- sometimes < *-ɣ- (cf. *neɣi > Kuwi nehi). The plural, which was often formed without the *-ṛi suffix, went like this: *nāykVka > *nehka > *neska (in Kuwi, where the combination -hk- does not exist); > *nahka (in Kui).
Number in DED : 3650
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *sok- (*c-)
Meaning : to strike at, bite (snake, dog, etc.)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : soka (soki-)
Additional forms : In Gramm. Kui sōka (sōki-)
Number in DED : 2831
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-meaning,kuiet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\drav\ndret
Proto-North-Dravidian : *al-ā
Meaning : dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : allā
Malto : ale
Number in DED : 2916
Proto-North-Dravidian : *kūr
Meaning : call to a dog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malto : kūr-kūr
Number in DED : 1796
ndret-meaning,ndret-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 7 records
\data\esq\esqet
Proto-Eskimo: *qǝpǝ-nǝʁ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Proto-Yupik: *qǝpǝ-nǝʁ
Proto-Eskimo: *qikmi- (~ *-pm-)
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Proto-Yupik: *qikmi-
Proto-Inupik: *qi'mi-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 303
Proto-Eskimo: *qimuɣ-
Meaning: to pull sled (dog, reindeer)
Russian meaning: тянуть сани (о собаке, олене)
Proto-Yupik: *qimuɣ-tǝ-
Proto-Inupik: *qimuɣ-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 305
Proto-Eskimo: *puŋ(r)u-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Proto-Inupik: *puŋŋuu-
Proto-Eskimo: *ǝpjuɣ-
Meaning: animal with fur like dog or fox
Russian meaning: пушной зверь типа собаки, песца
Proto-Yupik: *pǝjuɣ-
Proto-Inupik: *picuɣ-
Comments: The root is similar to *ǝpRuɣ-(a-) 'to walk' but no valid explanations for the semantic shift to "dog-like/fox-like animal" can be offered. Moreover, while no root like "piuɣ- 'to walk' is ever found, the word piuxta with the meaning 'dog' is actually attested.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 265
Proto-Eskimo: *uɣij(a)ʁ-
Meaning: to fight (of dogs), to growl, to snarl
Russian meaning: драться (о собаках), рычать
Proto-Yupik: *uɣijʁǝ- (~ *-rʁ-) (-ani(R)-)
Proto-Inupik: *uɣiɣ-, *uɣiaʁ-, *uɣia'niraa-ʁ-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 361
Proto-Eskimo: *ama-ʁ-
Meaning: dog salmon, humpback salmon
Russian meaning: горбуша
Proto-Yupik: *ama-ʁ-
Proto-Inupik: *amaqtu-
Comments: Cf. *amaʁ- 'to carry on back'.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 22
esqet-meaning,esqet-meaning,esqet-meaning,esqet-meaning,esqet-meaning,esqet-meaning,esqet-meaning,
Total of 7 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 9 records
\data\esq\inupet
Proto-Inupik: *mattaʁ-, *maktaʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to take off clothes 1, to unharness dog 2
Russian meaning: снимать одежду 1, распрягать собак 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: mattaq- 1
North Alaskan Inupik: mattaq- 1
Western Canadian Inupik: mattaq- 1, 2
Eastern Canadian Inupik: matta(q)- 1, 2
ECI Dialects: SB, NBI maktaq- ? 1, 2 [Dor.]
Greenlandic Inupik: mattaʁ-
GRI Dialects: EG mattaC- 'to remove hair from seal-skin'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 195
Proto-Inupik: *palu- (< -ɫ-)
Meaning: to fall dog's ears 1, to have hanging ears 2
Russian meaning: опадать об ушах 1, иметь обвислые уши 2
North Alaskan Inupik: paɫu- 1
WCI Dialects: Sig palu- 2 [Pet.]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 248
Proto-Inupik: *qi'mi-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Seward Peninsula Inupik: qipmiajak dim. 'puppy'
SPI Dialects: Imaq qíʔmiq (qíʔmiʁáq dim.), Di qipmiq
North Alaskan Inupik: qimmiq
NAI Dialects: B qimmiq*, Ingl qi'miq*, Mal qipmiq, Point Barrow qiŋmiq
Western Canadian Inupik: qiŋmiq, qimmiq
WCI Dialects: Cor qimmiq*, qiŋmiq*, M qimmiq*, Net, Car qiʔmiq, Baker Lake, Net qiŋmiq [Dor.], Cop qinmiq [Lowe]
Eastern Canadian Inupik: qimmiq; qiŋmiq [Bourq., Ras., Boas, B.-S.]
Greenlandic Inupik: qimmiq (qingmeq*)
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 303
Proto-Inupik: *qimuɣ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to pull, to tow 1, sled (with man on) 2, dog 3
Russian meaning: тянуть 1, верховые сани 2, собака 3
Seward Peninsula Inupik: qimukti, qimuɣin 3
SPI Dialects: Imaq qimúɣaɣa 'to teach dogs to run in sled', W qimuɣun* (ɣtik, ɣtit) 3
North Alaskan Inupik: qimuk- 1 (of dogs), qimuktɨ 'reindeer trained to pull sled'
NAI Dialects: B, Ingl qimuktoq* 1, Qaw qimuɣun 3
Western Canadian Inupik: qimuk- 1 (a sled)
Eastern Canadian Inupik: qimuk- 1, qimutsiq 2, 'dog team'
Greenlandic Inupik: qimuɣ- (qimugpoq*) 1 (of animal), 'to pull hunting float after it (harpooned seal)', qimussiq 2 (with dog)
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 306
Proto-Inupik: *puŋŋuu-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
WCI Dialects: Car Baker Lake puŋŋūq (shaman's word' [Schn.], Cop puŋŋuq, Net puʔŋuq (shaman's word) [Ras.]
ECI Dialects: W. Bay puŋŋūq [Schn.], Igl puŋŋūq [Ras.] (shaman's word)
GRI Dialects: NG punguaq* [Kroeb.], WG pungok*, pungvoak* [Egede]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 269
Proto-Inupik: *qaqa-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to move up and down 1, to display fondness or affection 2, to be joyful (child or dog) 3
Russian meaning: двигаться вверх-вниз 1, выражать нежность или привязанность 2, быть радостным (о ребенке или соаке) 3
SPI Dialects: Imaq qaʁároq, qaʁáratoq 'to dance'
North Alaskan Inupik: qaqaq- 'to bend backward', qaqaqtaq- 2
WCI Dialects: Cop qaqa- 'fondly dance and sing', Net qaqa- 2 [Ras.]
Eastern Canadian Inupik: qaqa- 3
ECI Dialects: Lab qaqa- 'to jump for joy'
Greenlandic Inupik: qaqa- 'to rock head in pleasure at lullaby (child)'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 286
Proto-Inupik: *uɣiɣ-, *uɣiaʁ-, *uɣia'niraa-ʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to snarl, to growl 1, to fight (dogs) 2
Russian meaning: рычать на 1, сцепиться (о собаках) 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: ~ ujāq- 2
North Alaskan Inupik: uɣik-, uɣiaq- 2 (viciously), uɣiajuk 'ferocious anumal'
NAI Dialects: Qaw uɣiaq- 'to maul', Nu uɣianirāq- 1
Western Canadian Inupik: uɣiaq- 2
Eastern Canadian Inupik: uɣiaq- 2, 'to kill with snap or jaws (dog or bear)'
Greenlandic Inupik: uiaʁtuʁ- 'to tear to pieces' (of dogs), ujannišāʁ- 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 361
Proto-Inupik: *Ipraʁ-unt
Meaning: dog muzzle
Russian meaning: намордник (собачий)
North Alaskan Inupik: ivraʁun
NAI Dialects: Nu ipraʁun
Western Canadian Inupik: ivjaʁun
Eastern Canadian Inupik: ijjaʁut (also 'ring on pipe stem')
Greenlandic Inupik: iʁsaʁut, issaʁut (ivsarut*)
GRI Dialects: EG itāt
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 114
Proto-Inupik: *ciŋa-ʁ- ~ *cina-ʁ-
Meaning: wolf 1, yellowish grey dog 2, grey fur 3
Russian meaning: волк 1, желто-серая собака 2, серая шерсть 3
WCI Dialects: Car Baker Lake hiŋaqtit pl. 1 (shaman's word) [Schn.]
Eastern Canadian Inupik: siŋaqti 1, sinaʁnaq 3
ECI Dialects: Lab sinānak 3, NBI, Aiv siaʁnaq 3
Greenlandic Inupik: siŋaʁnaq 2
GRI Dialects: NG hinaʁnaq 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 81
inupet-meaning,inupet-meaning,inupet-meaning,inupet-meaning,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-meaning,inupet-meaning,inupet-meaning,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-meaning,inupet-meaning,
Total of 9 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 8 records
\data\semham\afaset
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔayVw-
Meaning: jackal, dog
Semitic: *ʔVwVy- 'jackal'
Egyptian: ỉꜣw 'dog' (MK)
Western Chadic: *ʔiy- 'dog'
Low East Cushitic: *yayy- 'wild dog; hunting dog; jackal; wolf'
High East Cushitic: *yayy- 'hunting dog'
Notes: Originally descriptive.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *gVr- (?)
Meaning: dog, cub
Semitic: *gVr- 'whelp, cub'
East Chadic: *gVr- 'dog'
Notes: Scarce data.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ga(ʕa)d-
Meaning: dog, wolf
Semitic: *gadlāʔ- 'she-dog', *gaʕd- 'wolf'
Berber: *gVd- 'dog' (?)
Western Chadic: *gawVd- 'dog' 1, 'hyena' 2 , 'bite' 3
Central Chadic: *gid- 'dog' 1, 'bite'2
East Chadic: *gVd- (<*gVHd-?) 'dog' 1,'bite'2
Low East Cushitic: *gedal- 'jackal' (?)
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *kar-/*kayar-
Meaning: dog
Semitic: *wakar- 'fox'
Western Chadic: *kyara-
Central Chadic: *kur-/*kir-
Saho-Afar: *kar- 'dog'
Low East Cushitic: *kayir- 'dog'
Warazi (Dullay): *kaHar- 'dog'
South Cushitic: *ta-kur- 'bat-eared fox' 1, 'wild dog' 2
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *kwVHen-
Meaning: dog
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *kun- 'dog'
Western Chadic: *kwin-H- 'dog'
East Chadic: *kany- 'dog'
Mogogodo (Yaaku): kwehen 'dog'
Omotic: *keHen- 'dog'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *kVl-
Meaning: dog, wolf
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *kʷahil- 'fox-like animal' ~ *ta-kʷVl- 'wolf, jackal' (<Cush?) (Cf. *kalb- 'dog')
Berber: *kulVn 'wolf (or squirrel?)'
Central Chadic: *kVl- 'dog'
Beḍauye (Beja): tákʷla 'wolf; Lycaon pictus'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ta-kʷil- 'wolf'
Saho-Afar: *ta-kla 'wolf; hyena dog'
Warazi (Dullay): (?) *tVlVkk- (met.) 'Felis serval'
Omotic: *tolk- (<*tV-lVk-, with met.) 'hyena' 1, 'leopard' 2
Notes: > Sem *kalb-, with b- suffix of harmful animals? Cf. Bla Beja 24: Eth; Cush; Om; CCha (Uzam)
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ḳasʕ-
Meaning: dog, wolf, hyena
Semitic: *ḳaŝʕ- 'hyena, wolf'
Berber: *ḳVsi 'wolf'
Omotic: *ḳaski 'dog'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *KVʒ/ǯVm/n/l-
Meaning: dog
Berber: SIW agurzǝni <*gu(r)ʒ/ǯin-, SHW a-ɣǝrzul <*ḳV(r)ʒ/ǯul-
Egyptian: t_zm MK<*k-
Central Chadic: *kazim- 'a male baboon, monkey, or dog'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): BIL gidíŋ, pl. gižíŋ [R Bil], gǝdǝŋ [Appl IC] 6; KHM gǝ́zǝŋ, pl. gǝsǝŋ 6; AUN gséŋ (Kunfäl kassaŋ [Appl IC]) <Agaw *g/kiʒ/ǯ/sin/m-
afaset-meaning,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-lec,afaset-hec,afaset-meaning,afaset-ech,afaset-meaning,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-meaning,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,afaset-wrz,afaset-scu,afaset-meaning,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,afaset-mgg,afaset-omo,afaset-meaning,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,afaset-sho,afaset-meaning,afaset-omo,afaset-meaning,afaset-cch,
Total of 8 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\semham\semet
Number: 204
Proto-Semitic: *gadlāʔ- *gaʕd-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'she-dog'1, 'wolf' 2
Arabic: ʔabū ǯaʕdat- 'loup' Belot 63; ǯadlāʔ- 'chienne' (BK 1 267)
Number: 2396
Proto-Semitic: *kalb-
Meaning: dog
Akkadian: kalbu 'dog' OAkk. on [CAD k 68], [AHw. 424]. The oldest syllabic attestation outside proper names is probably 1 kalbum ZABAR in OIP XIV 103:9. Cf. further the the Ur III incantation NATN 917:3 (aṣbassu kī kalbim ina kišādīšu 'I seized him by his neck like a dog') as well as the famous OA incantation Kültepe a/k 611:2 (kalbum ṣalmum ittillim rabiṣ 'a black dog lurks on a hill'). The word is often found in letters to express self-humiliation but this usage seems to be confined to EA, NA and NB so that a WS inluence could be suspected (k. as an invective is found alrealdy in OA but an absolute majority of occurrences again belong to peripheral areas). Passages dealing with dogs as houshold animals are surprisingly few in all periods. The fem. parallel kalbatu 'bitch, female dog' OB on [CAD k 67], [AHw. 424] is known almost exlusively from literary texts (the oldest attestation must be the OB incantation BIN 2 72:2: pani kalbatim išīmši Enlil 'Enlil assigned to her a bitch's face'). The only non-literary occurrence seems to be the letter ARM 1 5:12 (quotation from a proverb difficult to interpret, cf. [Farber blind ...]).
Ugaritic: klb 'perro' [DLU 214-5], klbt 'perra' [ibid.]. A well attested term. While 1.16 I 1-4 describes a household animal (klb bbtk 'a dog in your house'), 1.3 III 45 and 1.19 I 10 employ the fem. and the masc. forms respectively to denote destructive divine beings (mḫšt klbt ʔilm ʔišt 'I smote the divine bitch ʔišt', ḥrṣ klb ʔilnm 'the divine hound bit').
Phoenician: klb 'dog' [T 142-3], [Krah. 227]. In KAI 24/10 (lpn hmlkm hlpnym ytlk!n mškbm km klbm 'under earlier kings, mškbm were treated like dogs', more details see in [Tropper Zincirli 40-1]) and KAI 37/B 10 (a term for a cultic personel, possibly a male cultic prostitute, cf. [Gibson 130]).
Hebrew: käläb 'dog' [KB 476], pB. [Ja. 639] (also kalbā 'she-dog', kalbiyyā 'she-dog, bitch').
Aramaic: Off. klb 'dog' [HJ 509]. + Frahang, KAI 233.7 и во фрагментарном хозяйственном пасса- же AG + Htr. klb 'dog' [HJ 509] (cf. [Aggoula 187]: klbʔ 'chien', klbnʔ 'chiens'). Sam. klb 'dog' [Tal 387].
Judaic Aramaic: kǝlēb, kǝlab, det. kalbā 'dog', kalbǝtā ("tradit. pro- nunc. kǝlabtā") 'bitch', kilbiyyā 'she-dog, bitch' [Ja. 639]; klb 'dog, base person, male prostitute', klbh, det. klbth 'bitch' [Soq. 258].
Syrian Aramaic: kǝleb (det. kalbā) 'canis' [Brock. 328], [PS 1742].
Mandaic Aramaic: kalba 'dog' [DM 197].
Arabic: kalb- 'chien (mâle)', kalbat- 'chienne' [BK 2 116], [WKAS k 308], [LA I 722] (cf. [Hommel 311-4]).
Epigraphic South Arabian: Sab. klb 'chien' (pl.) [Robin-Gajda 116]. In the hunt inscription ʕAbadān 1/37 (wṣd ... bt_mny mʔtm ʔs1dm wḫms1 mʔtm klbm 'they hunted ... with 800 warriors and 500 dogs'). Hdr. klb 'chien' [Pirenne 93]. In the hund inscription Ingrams 1/1 (mʔtnyw ʔs1dm wmʔt ṣydm wmʔtnyw klb '200 warriors, 100 hunters and 200 dogs'). Both passages are studied in [Sima 103] where klb is interpreted as huntsman rather than dog.
Geʕez (Ethiopian): kalb 'dog' [LGz. 282].
Tigre: kälǝb 'dog' [LH 391].
Tigrai (Tigriñña): kälbi 'cane' [Bass. 585].
Amharic: kälb 'dog' [K 1370] (Gez. loan).
Mehri: kawb, pl. kǝlōb 'wolf; dog' [JM 208].
Jibbali: kɔb, pl. kɔ́lɔ́b 'wolf; dog' [JJ 130].
Harsusi: kawb, kōb, pl. kelōb 'wolf; dog' [JH 58].
Soqotri: kalb 'chien, loup' [LS 218].
Notes: [Fron. 31]: *kalb- 'cane' (Gez., Arb., Syr., Hbr., Ugr., Akk.); [Hommel 311]: *kalbu 'hund' (Arb., Gez., Hbr., Syr., Akk.); [KB 476]: Akk., Ugr., Akk., Pho., Arm., Arb., Gez., Tgr., ESA, Akk.; [Firmage 1153]: Akk., Hbr., Ugr., Arm., Gez., Arb.; [LGz. 282]: Gez., Eth., Arb., ESA, Soq., Mhr., Hbr., Arm., Pho., Ugr., Akk.; [DLU 214]: Ugr., Hbr., Pho., Arm., Arb., Gez. Likely <Afras. *kVl- 'dog, wolf' .
semet-meaning,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-phn,semet-hbr,semet-arm,semet-jud,semet-mnd,semet-sar,semet-gzz,semet-tgr,semet-amh,semet-mhr,semet-jib,semet-hss,semet-notes,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\semham\brbet
Proto-Berber: *kun-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Canarian: cuna
Proto-Berber: *gVd-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): agdi
Notes: Otherwise <*aydi
Proto-Berber: *a-yd/ḍi
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: dog
Ghadames: īḍi
Nefusa: yuḍi
Ghat: a-ydi
Ayr: iži, idi
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): e-ydi
Adghaq (Tadghaq): ēdi
Tawllemmet: idi
Taneslemt: i-gyǝḍ-an (gy<*yy)
Zenaga: id_i
Semlal: a-ydi
Seghrushen: a-ydi
Baamrani: a-ydi
Izdeg: i-ydi, i-gdi
Izayan: a-yd_i
Rif: a-yd_i
Mzab: a-yḍi
Wargla: a-ydi
Iznassen: a-yd_i, a-yḍi
Snus: a-yd_i, a-yḍi
Shenwa: a-yd_i
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): a-ydi
brbet-meaning,brbet-meaning,brbet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\semham\egyet
Old Egyptian: ỉš
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: pl. 'dogs pulling the ship of the Sun-god' (n)
Old Egyptian: ỉw (MK).
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
egyet-meaning,egyet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\semham\bedet
Bedauye: yaas
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
bedet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\semham\shoet
Proto-Saho-Afar: *kar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Saho: kare
Proto-Saho-Afar: *ta-kla
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'wolf; hyena dog'
Saho: takla, taḫla 'Wolf, Hyänenhund' Rein
shoet-meaning,shoet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\semham\lecet
Proto-Low East Cushitic: *kayir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Arbore: kair, ker
Notes: Secondary *-i- after *-y-
Proto-Low East Cushitic: *yayy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'wild dog'
Somali: yéèy 'wild dog' Lycaon pictus Hei Sam 1981
Oromo (Galla): yeeyii 'wolf' Gr 406'wild dog (Lycaon pictus)' (Amh yäyi 'hyena'); cf. iyyaa 'k. of wild cat' Gr 228
Boni: yeyeʔ 'jackal' PEC 43
Rendille: yááy 'wild dog' Lycaon pictus Hei Sam 1981
Konso: yoy-ta PEC 43 'hunting dog'
lecet-meaning,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-oro,lecet-rnd,lecet-kon,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\semham\hecet
Proto-High East Cushitic: *waš- Cf. 1137
Meaning: 'dog'
Sidamo: wǝšo
Kambatta: woš-ičču
Proto-High East Cushitic: *wis-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Hadiya (Gudella): wiša
Notes: Contraction from *wVyVs-
Proto-High East Cushitic: *yayy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'hunting dog'
Sidamo: iyäy (Cer)
Hadiya (Gudella): yoyy-akko
Burji (Bambala, Dashe): yeyy-ée
hecet-meaning,hecet-meaning,hecet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\semham\wrzet
Proto-Warazi: *kaHar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Warazi: xɛro
Gawwada (Gawata): haaro
Dobase (Gobeze): hɛɛro
Tsamay (Dume, Gaba, Kule): karo
wrzet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\semham\scuet
Proto-South Cushitic: *ta-kur-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'bat-eared fox' 1, 'wild dog' 2
Alagwa (Wasi): tokoraymo1
Burunge (Mbulungi): takuraaʔimo 2
scuet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\semham\mgget
Mogogodo: kwehen
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
mgget-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\semham\omoet
Proto-Omotic: *keHen-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Ometo: kana(a)
Kafa (Kaficho): kunano
Mocha: kunano
Dime: keenu
East Mao (Diddesa): kano
Proto-Omotic: *wayVs-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Ometo: wayše
Ongota: oose [Fl:208]
Proto-Omotic: *ḳaski
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: dog
Ari: cf. áksi Bnd Ar
Hamer: ḳaski Bnd Ar; cf. aksi Fl
Ongota: qaske Fl, q'aske, kaski, cf. ʔaski Bla Ong
omoet-meaning,omoet-meaning,omoet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 8 records
\data\semham\cchet
Proto-CChadic: *gid-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog' 1,'bite'2
Lamang: xǝd- 2 [CLR]
Mandara=Wandala: ǵdè , ɣǝdì 1 [CLR]
Guduf: ɣǝ́dà 1 [CLR: 107] , ɣǝdva 2 [CLR:25]
Mofu-Gudur: gìdǝ̀y 1 [BMof]
Notes: Cf. *(s)VkVd- 'dog'
Proto-CChadic: *kur-/*kir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Higi Futu: kur̀́e [Kr: 173]
Higi Baza: kɨr̀́e [Kr: 143]
Higi Nkafa: kirre [CLR: 107]
Higi Ghye: kur̀́e [Kr: 163]
Fali Kiria: kur̀́i [Kr: 183]
Kapsiki=Higi Kamale: kirri [CLR: 107]
Lamang: kīrrɛ [CLR: 107]
Mandara=Wandala: kǝrɛ [CLR: 107]
Malgwa: ǝkǝ́re [Lr]
Mada: kra [BMad]
Munjuk: hir-ge [TMnj]
Sukur: kīrra
Musgoy: hɛ́r-gɛ [LMsg]
Musgu: hɛ́r-gɛ, hírge, kirgīgi <*kirk- [LMsg]
Notes: cp. Gidar kra [CLR: 107]. KOTOKO: Zina hàrǝ̀y, LOG kǝ̀lày , KUS kǝ́láy, GUL gàlàm, Maltam ǹgǝ́làm, AFD gǝ́làm [Tr 2001: 15]
Proto-CChadic: *Sakw-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'squirrel' 1, 'dog' 2
Tera: Piẑimbi šèkwa 1
Bachama: sakǝy 2 Kr
Proto-CChadic: *gid-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog' 1,'bite'2
Lamang: xǝd- 2 [CLR]
Mandara=Wandala: ǵdè , ɣǝdì 1 [CLR]
Guduf: ɣǝ́dà 1 [CLR: 107] , ɣǝdva 2 [CLR:25]
Mofu-Gudur: gìdǝ̀y 1 [BMof]
Notes: Cf. *(s)VkVd- 'dog'
Proto-CChadic: *kVl-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Logone: kǝle
Buduma=Yedina: kelī
Kusseri: kele
Proto-CChadic: *kazim-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: a male baboon, monkey, or dog'
Bura: kazim 'a male baboon, monkey, or dog', k. kila 'an "altered" dog
Proto-CChadic: *[ʔ]a/id-
Meaning: 'dog'
Tera: yìḍa [Nm]
Gude: idda, adá, ǝḍǝ̄ [CLR]
Gudu: hídà [CLR]
Zime-Dari: ǝ́dà [CLR]
Zime-Batna: da [Sa]
Masa: dī [CLR]
Proto-CChadic: *(sV)kVd-?
Meaning: 'dog' 1, 'bite' 2
Tera: kǝ́ḍí 2 [Nm]
Ngweshe: ískhǝdè 1 [CLR]
Gisiga: cf. Muktele kǝ̀dá 1 [CLR]
Mafa=Matakam: kǝ̀dà1 [CLR]
Bata: kede 1 [CLR]
cchet-meaning,cchet-notes,cchet-meaning,cchet-meaning,cchet-meaning,cchet-notes,cchet-meaning,cchet-meaning,cchet-bur,cchet-meaning,cchet-meaning,
Total of 8 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 9 records
\data\semham\wchet
Proto-WChadic: *kwin-H-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Fyer: kʷéeŋ [JgR]
Proto-WChadic: *ʔad-
Meaning: 'dog'
Bolewa: ʔàdà [CLR]
Karekare: àdà
Ngamo: ʔàdà
Bele: àdé
Kifri=Giwo: ʔèrè, pl ʔéddíŋì {Sch]
Gera: yaḍá
Geruma: èdé
Diri: àddā́
Mburku: ḍíyà (? met.0
Guruntum: dā̀ [Jag] met.
Tala: ass
Proto-WChadic: *ʔiy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Warji: íyà-nà [SkNb]
Kariya: íí [CLR: 106]
Miya: í [CLR]
Proto-WChadic: *(nV-)čaw-
Meaning: 'wild dog'
Sura: ǹčúwɛ̀ [JgS]
Angas: čewe [Fl]
Proto-WChadic: *kyara-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Hausa: kàré̄
Zaar: kùraàyí [CLR: 106]
Bokos: kyàra [JgR]
Kulere: gyáṛã [JgR]
Daffo-Butura: čìṛa [Jg]
Notes: Sayanci kara either < *kad- (cp. [CLR} or < Hausa]
Proto-WChadic: *gawVd-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog' 1, 'hyena' 2 , 'bite' 3
Hausa: gṓǯè 1
Ngizim: gádá-múzái 2 [ShN] , gā́dǝ́ 3
Notes: muzai < Ch *mVz- 'man, male'
Proto-WChadic: *ḳuma(l)-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'flea (of rats, dogs)'
Hausa: ḳùmā́ (unless <Arab)
Mupun: kuma (<Hs?)
Proto-WChadic: *ḳVd- > kVḍ-
Meaning: 'dog'
Bolewa: kutì [Kr] (irreg. devoicing)
Siri: gederi, ḳǝ̀dǝ́rí, kǝ́dìsì [CLR]
Geji: kadde, kaʔḍi, kàḍì [CLR]
Zaar: káḍì [CLR]
Sayanchi: káḍi [Cs]
Dwot: kat [Cs N 224]
Tule: kàḍǝ̀ [CLR]
Wangday: kàt , lā-ktǝ̄m [CLR]
Proto-WChadic: *ʔaS-
Meaning: 'dog'
Mupun: ās [Fr]
Sura: as [Jg]
Montol: ʔas [JfC]
Ankwe=Goemai: ās [Fp]
Gerke=Yiwom: at [Fp]
wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,wchet-meaning,
Total of 9 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 8 records
\data\semham\echet
Proto-EChadic: *nVgwar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'snore' 1, 'grunt (dog)' 2
Somrai: ŋwǝ̀r-ǝ̀ 1 [JSib]
Mobu (dial. Kwang): ongore 1 [Lns]
Ngam (dial. Kwang): oŋgoré 1 [Lns]
Migama: ŋér-ŋìro 2 [JMig]
Bidiya: ŋér-kèḍ 1 [JBid]
Proto-EChadic: *kanya-
Meaning: 'dog'
Dangla: kànyà [Fd]
Migama: kânnyà [Jg]
Jegu: kany- [Jg]
Proto-EChadic: *ʔus-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Bidiya: ùsú
Proto-EChadic: *gVr-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Nanchere: gerá [Lk: 89]
Lele: gìrà [Grg]
Kabalai: gàrà [Cp]
Proto-EChadic: *gVd- (<*gVHd-?)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog' 1, 'to bite' 2
Somrai: dò-gǝ́dʌ̀, pl. gǝ́rádē1 [Jg]
Tumak: gá , pl. garák 1 [Cp] , gǝd 2
Ndam: gʌ́y 1 [JgD] gǝdʌ̂ 2
Mokilko: gédè [JMkk]
Notes: -HVd- > -V- is regular for Tumak and Ndam.
Proto-EChadic: *kur-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cry to call a dog'
Dangla: kùrè [Fd]
Proto-EChadic: *daar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'a hunt with dogs'
Bidiya: dāri [JBid]
Proto-EChadic: *kany-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dog'
Dangla: kànyà [Fd]
Migama: kânnyà [JgM]
Jegu: kany- [CLR:107]
echet-meaning,echet-meaning,echet-meaning,echet-meaning,echet-meaning,echet-smr,echet-meaning,echet-meaning,echet-meaning,
Total of 8 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\sinocauc\sccet
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *čɨrbV́
Meaning: dog
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *čǝrbV / *bǝrčV (~ ć)
Yenisseian: *čip
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *χHwĭ́je
Meaning: dog
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *χ_Hwĕje
Sino-Tibetan: *qhʷīj ( / *qhʷī-n)
Yenisseian: *ʔɨʔɨ-n (~x-,-G-,-χ-)
Burushaski: *hu-k (? with an old dimin. suffix?)
Basque: *hor
Comments and references : HGC 18, NSC 57 *χwEjV.
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *c̣VḳV (?)
Meaning: puppy, dog
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *kīc̣ɨ̄ (? / *c̣īkɨ̄) 'puppy'
Basque: *sakur̄ dog
sccet-meaning,sccet-meaning,sccet-meaning,sccet-basq,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\cauc\caucet
Proto-North Caucasian: *χ_Hwĕje
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Proto-Nakh: *pħu
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *χʷoʔi
Proto-Tsezian: *ʁ:ʷǝ̃j
Proto-Dargwa: *χ:Iʷaj
Proto-Lezghian: *χ:ʷäja
Proto-Khinalug: pχra
Proto-West Caucasian: *ŁIʷa
Notes: One of the cases with the interesting correspondence PEC *χHw : PWC *Łʷ. It is not yet clear what should be reconstructed in these cases: perhaps, some cluster like *χl- or *lχ-. It is also possible that in some cases PAT l- is a result of secondary lateralisation, and Ub. w : PAK *ħ could also point to PWC *χ́Iʷ (for which otherwise no examples are found). Most of the EC languages point to the PEC oblique base *χ_Hwĕj-rV- (cf. PN *pħare-, PA *χʷor-, PD *χ:ur-, PL *χ:ʷäjrV-); in some languages (Shakhdagh, Khin.) the former oblique base became direct. See Trubetzkoy 1930, 277, Abdokov 1983, 123.
Proto-North Caucasian: *gwăǯē
Meaning: bitch, dog
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *g(ʷ)iži
Proto-Lak: k:ač:i
Proto-Dargwa: *k:ʷač:a
Proto-Lezghian: *k:ʷač:a
Proto-West Caucasian: *kʷǝč́:ǝ (~-ǯ́-)
Notes: The comparison seems plausible both semantically ('wolf':'dog') and phonetically; not quite clear, though, are the laryngeal features of the first consonant (we may deal with an assimilation in PEC, and then we will have to reconstruct *kwăǯē; or it may be a dissimilation in PWC: *gwăǯē > *kwăǯē > PWC *kʷǝč́:ǝ).

    EC > Osset. gaʒa, Balk. gaǯǝ 'bitch' (see Abayev 1958, 504).

Proto-North Caucasian: *čǝrbV / *bǝrčV (~ ć)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: a k. of dog
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *čiba (~ -o)
Proto-Lezghian: *p:arč-
Notes: Except for the metathesis in Tab. (which is not an unfrequent phenomenon), correspondences are quite regular. However, the Tab. form is isolated within Lezghian and quoted from Khaidakov 1973, which makes the comparison with PA much less reliable.
caucet-meaning,caucet-meaning,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\cauc\aandet
Protoform: *χʷoʔi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Avar: hoj
Chadakolob: hʷe
Andian language: χʷoj
Akhvakh: χʷē
Chamalal: χʷaj
Tindi: χʷā
Karata: χʷaj
Botlikh: χʷaj
Bagvalal: hʷaj
Godoberi: χʷaji
Comments: The Av. accent paradigm is irregular (hój-dul, ha-bí); the plural form is probably an innovation (the -bí suffix tends to be stressed), thus paradigm A may be considered original. Cf. also Av. dial. hʷe, hʷej, Akhv. Tseg., Tl. χʷaj, Ratl. χʷaji, Bagv. Tlis. χʷaj.

    In plural most Andian languages reflect the stem *χʷor-, cf. Bagv. hʷara-χ:a, God. χʷar-di, Kar. χʷad-di ( < *χʷar-di).

Protoform: *tirV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 ashes, dust 2 dog's dung 3 sleet
Avar: terét 3
Akhvakh: tereti 1
Tindi: tira 2
Comments: In Av. and Akhv. the root is reduplicated. Tind. tira > Inkh. tira 'dog's dung'; Av. terét > Arch. teret 'sleet'.
aandet-meaning,aandet-meaning,aandet-comment,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\cauc\abadet
Proto-West-Caucasian: *ŁIʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Abkhaz: a-lá
Abaza: la
Adyghe: ħa
Kabardian: ħa
Ubykh: wIa
Comments: PAT *la, PAK *ħa; Ub. def. á-wIa. The Ub. pharyngealization suggests the PAT form *ŁIʷaI; since, however, in PAT only uvulars and labials could have been pharyngealized, this probably means that we have in fact to reconstruct an early form with a cluster like *l-χIʷa or *χIʷla. It is possible that such a PAT cluster can reflect an earlier combination *χIʷr- (cf. another example of the same kind, PAT *Łʷa- 'to grind').
abadet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\cauc\cezet
Proto-Tsezian: *ʁ:ʷǝ̃j
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Tsezi: ʁIʷaj
Ginukh: ʁʷe
Khvarshi: ʁʷe
Inkhokvari: ʁIʷẽ
Bezhta: wo
Gunzib:
Comments: PTsKh *ʁIʷǝ̃j; PGB *wǝ, obl. *wǝj- (cf. Bezht. woj-, Gunz. wǝj-).
cezet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\cauc\darget
Proto-Dargwa: *χ:Iʷaj
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Akusha: χIa
Chiragh: χ:Iwa
Comments: Cf. also Kad. χ:Iʷa, Kait. χ:Iʷa, Kub. χ:ʷe, Muir. χʷi, Sirg. χIʷa, Ur. χʷi (pl. χuri). The Ur. plural χur-i and Ak. gen. χura-la reveal the old oblique stem *χ:ur-.
darget-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\cauc\khinet
Khinalug root: pχra
North Caucasian etymology: 26
Meaning: dog
Khinalug form: pχra
khinet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\cauc\laket
Lak root: k:ač:i
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Lak form: k:ač:i
Comments: 3d class. Khosr. k:ʷač:i. Lak. > Arch. gʷač:i 'bitch'.
laket-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\cauc\lezget
Proto-Lezghian: *kic̣ / *c̣ik
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 puppy 2 dog 3 small, little
Lezghian: kic̣ 2
Rutul: c̣iḳ 1
Udi: k:ic:i 3
Comment: PL oblique base *kic̣ɨ- or *kic̣e- (cf. Lesg. kic̣i-, Rut. c̣iḳi-).In Rut. there occurred a metathesis and assimilation (due to the expressive nature of the root). The original meaning was probably 'small, young (of animals)'.
Proto-Lezghian: *χ:ʷäja
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Tabasaran: χuj
Agul: ʁuj
Rutul: χij (Khniukh.)
Tsakhur: χʷa
Kryz: χʷar
Budukh: χor
Udi: χIa
Comment: Other relevant forms: Ag. Bursh. χI:uj, Tsakh. Gelm. χʷajä. In PL there existed a parallel oblique base *χ:ʷäj-rV-, cf. Ag. Bursh. χI:ura-ni-, whence the Kryz. and Bud. direct forms with -r.

    See Trubetzkoy 1930, 85; Лексика 1971, 158; Гигинейшвили 1977, 121.

Proto-Lezghian: *p:arč-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tracking dog, bloodhound
Tabasaran: barči
Comment: Ruoted from Khaidakov 1973, thus not very reliable.
lezget-meaning,lezget-meaning,lezget-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\cauc\nakhet
Proto-Nakh: *ǯʡali(j)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Chechen: žʕäla
Ingush: žʕali
Comments: Possibly a loan from Kartvelian, cf. PK *ʒ̥1̇aɣl- "dog" (ESKY 236).
Proto-Nakh: *pħu
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 dog 2 male dog
Chechen: pħu 2
Ingush: pħu 2
Batsbi: pħu 1
Comments: Obl. base *pħare- (Chech. pħära-, Ing. pħaro, Bacb. pl. pħar-č). 3d class in Chech. and Bacb., 6th class in Ing.
nakhet-meaning,nakhet-comment,nakhet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\sintib\stibet
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ćhǝ̄wH
Meaning: urge, set on (a dog)
Chinese: *sōʔ, *sōh, *t-sōh to urge on (a dog).
Tibetan: ćho to set on (a dog).
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *qhʷīj ( / *qhʷīn)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Chinese: *khʷīn dog.
Tibetan: khji dog.
Burmese: khwijh dog, LB *khujx.
Kachin: gui2 dog (cf. also čǝ̆khjon1 a fox, wolf or wild dog).
Lushai: ui dog, KC *ɣui.
Kiranti: *khlè
Comments: Dimasa si; Kanauri kui; Moshang gui-hĕ; Namsangia hu; Vayu uri; Trung 3-gǝ1, PG *na-ki, Chepang kujʔ, Magari cyu. Simon 20; Sh. 42, 408, 428; Ben. 44; Mat. 179.
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *qōH (?)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to bark, dog
Chinese: 狗 *kōʔ dog
Kiranti: *hu / *huk(s)
Comments: Cf. also Kham kāh 'dog' (?).
stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-comments,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\sintib\kiret
Proto-Kiranti: *khlè
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: dog
Tulung: khlewa, khleja (AS khleba)
Kaling: khlep
Limbu: khjābā dog, khjāmā bitch, khjāsā puppy
Dumi: khībɨ, khību; dial. khlebu
Kulung: kheba 'dog', khepme 'bitch'
Comments: Toba 89 *khlepa.
Proto-Kiranti: *kùtu // *kùcu
Meaning: dog
Sunwar: kucum
Tulung: kutüma puppy
Limbu: kutibā puppy, koco dog
kiret-meaning,kiret-lim,kiret-kul,kiret-meaning,kiret-lim,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 5 records
\data\sintib\limet
Entry: kammaʔ, -kams-/-kam-
Grammar: vt.
Meaning: break in (a dog), domesticate, cause to grow accustomed, habituate (Nep. palkāunu)
Derivation: [caus. < kammaʔ develop an attachment]
Comments: ko:co:ʔin kams-u-N (dog-ABS habituate-3P-1sA) I have broken in the dog (i.e. made him feel that his home is with me); cf. khummaʔ.
Entry: ko:co:
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: dog.
Entry: ko:co:dɔk
Grammar: n.
Meaning: dog food, leftover rice for the dog.
Derivation: [ko:co: dog + tɔk cooked rice]
Entry: ko:co:-sidza
Grammar: n.
Meaning: small streamlined greyish black botflies of the family _stridae that live in dogs' fur, burrowing into the skin.
Derivation: [lit. dog-fly]
Entry: kupmaʔ, -kupt-/-kup-
Grammar: vt.
Meaning: 'take under one's wing', afford maternal protection (in addition to fowl, also said of dogs protecting their pups, goats protecting their kids, wolves their whelps, and so forth; only said facetiously of human beings)
Comments: kuptusiba [The chicken] took [her chicks] under her wing; kumakla kuptu [Blacky's mother] went to stand by Blacky (her puppy).
limet-meaning,limet-meaning,limet-meaning,limet-dercomm,limet-meaning,limet-dercomm,limet-meaning,
Total of 5 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 5 records
\data\sintib\dumet
Entry: khi:bɨ, khi:bu
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: dog, hound
Nepali: kukur
Comments: cf. khlebu.
Entry: khlebu
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: dog hound
Nepali: kukur
Derivation: [attested in Ciurīkharka and Sasarkā only]
Comments: vide khi:bɨ, khi:bu.
Entry: pahudam
Grammar: n.
Meaning: the Hindu prayer service or pūjā in honour of the dog (Nep. kukur-pūjā or kukur-tihār) celebrated on the the second day of the five-day Tihār (Yampañcak) festival, i.e. on the fourteenth day of the dark half of the month of Kārtik on which occasion the dogs are held in reverence and fed
Derivation: [< dam 'prayer, sacrifice']
Comments: [attested in Sasarkā only] cf. bulɨdam, tsuwamdam.
Entry: sambɨ-khi:bɨ
Grammar: n.
Meaning: Tibetan mastiff, large black dog with brown paws and muzzle used by cis-Himalayan Tibetans, but not by the Dumi, as a watchdog and for herding yaks
Nepali: bhoṭe kukur.
Entry: tsotnɨ
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: vt-2a tsot-tsuts/tsus
Meaning: 1) move up 2) deride; get someone riled up, tease, mock (animate patient, e.g. dog, man, friend)
Nepali: 1) aghi sārnu; 2) gījāunu, calāunu, jiskyāunu.
Derivation: [dir. < tsonnɨ vi-5 'hop forward']
Comments: 1) ANa mi-bi tsotu I moved the log up a bit further into the fire
dumet-meaning,dumet-meaning,dumet-meaning,dumet-meaning,dumet-meaning,
Total of 5 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 5 records
\data\sintib\kulet
Entry: chuima
Grammar: vt-5 [1: chui- 2: chuiy- 3: chui- 4: chun- 5: chu:-]
Meaning: tie (a knot); e.g. dog, bandage on a leg.
Entry: hu:ma
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: vi-3 [1: huk- 2: hu:-]
Meaning: bark (of a dog)
Nepali: bhuknu.
Entry: kheba
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: dog
Nepali: kukur.
Entry: khepme
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: bitch, female dog
Nepali: kukurnī.
Entry: yaber
Grammar: n.
Meaning: wild dog, Cyon rutilans
Nepali: bvāṃso.
kulet-meaning,kulet-meaning,kulet-meaning,kulet-meaning,kulet-meaning,
Total of 5 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\sintib\yamet
Entry: huʔwa
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: dog.
Nepali: kukur
Entry: huʔwaminjwa
Grammar: n.
Meaning: a species of insect found especially on dogs.
Nepali: kukurjhĩgo
yamet-meaning,yamet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 11 records
\data\china\bigchina
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: quǎn
Preclassic Old Chinese: khʷīnʔ
Classic Old Chinese: khwī́n
Western Han Chinese: khwjǝ̄́n
Eastern Han Chinese: khwiǝ̄́n
Early Postclassic Chinese: khwiḗn
Middle Postclassic Chinese: khwiḗn
Late Postclassic Chinese: khwiḗn
Middle Chinese: khwíen
Fanqie: 去選
Rhyme class:
English meaning : dog
Russian meaning[s]: собака, пес; собачий; по-собачьи; вежл. мой (о детях)
Shuowen gloss: 狗之有縣蹄者也. 象形. 孔子曰. 視犬之字. 如畫狗也. 凡犬之屬皆從犬.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 94
Four-angle index: 4947
Karlgren code: 0479 a-d
Vietnamese reading: khuyê`n
Jianchuan Bai: khuã1
Dali Bai: khua1
Bijiang Bai: qhõ1
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: gǒu
Preclassic Old Chinese: kōʔ
Classic Old Chinese: kṓ
Western Han Chinese: kwā́
Eastern Han Chinese: kwā́
Early Postclassic Chinese: kṓw
Middle Postclassic Chinese: kǝ̄̀w
Late Postclassic Chinese: kǝ̄̀w
Middle Chinese: kʌ́w
English meaning : dog [LZ]
Russian meaning[s]: 1) собака; по-собачьи; 2) бран. собачий, сучий; 3) подхалимствовать, пресмыкаться
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 94
Four-angle index: 4319
Karlgren code: 0108 d
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: sǒu
Preclassic Old Chinese: sōʔ
Classic Old Chinese: sṓ
Western Han Chinese: swā́
Eastern Han Chinese: swā́
Early Postclassic Chinese: sṓw
Middle Postclassic Chinese: sǝ̄̀w
Late Postclassic Chinese: sǝ̄̀w
Middle Chinese: sл́w
English meaning : to urge on (a dog)
Comments: Also read *sōʔ-s (MC sл̀w, Pek. sòu), *shōʔ-s (MC chл̀w, Pek. còu) id.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 1206 g
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: máng
Preclassic Old Chinese: mrōŋ
Classic Old Chinese: mrōŋ
Western Han Chinese: mrōŋ
Eastern Han Chinese: mrōŋ
Early Postclassic Chinese: mọ̄ŋ
Middle Postclassic Chinese: mọ̄ŋ
Late Postclassic Chinese: mọ̄ŋ
Middle Chinese: mạuŋ
English meaning : shaggy dog
Russian meaning[s]: 1) лохматая собака, сторожевой пес; 2) взъерошенный, лохматый; [méng] беспорядочный; смешанный; пестрый
Comments: For *m- cf. Fuzhou maŋ2, Jianou maŋ9.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 43
Four-angle index: 7548
Karlgren code: 1201 a-b
Shijing occurrences: 23.3
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yín
Preclassic Old Chinese: ŋ(h)ǝn
Classic Old Chinese: ŋ(h)ǝn
Western Han Chinese: ŋ(h)ǝn
Eastern Han Chinese: ŋ(h)ǝn
Early Postclassic Chinese: ŋ(h)ɨn
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ŋ(h)ɨn
Late Postclassic Chinese: ŋ(h)ɨn
Middle Chinese: ŋɨn
English meaning : to quarrel (as dogs) [LZ]
Russian meaning[s]: 狺狺 лаять; гав-гав
Radical: 94
Four-angle index: 1142
Karlgren code: 0251 g
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yí
Preclassic Old Chinese: ŋ(h)āns
Classic Old Chinese: ŋ(h)ānh
Western Han Chinese: ŋ(h)ānh
Eastern Han Chinese: ŋ(h)ānh
Early Postclassic Chinese: ŋ(h)ā̀n
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ŋ(h)ā̀n
Late Postclassic Chinese: ŋ(h)ā̀n
Middle Chinese: ŋần
English meaning : wild dog
Russian meaning[s]: перенести; стар. передать пожалованный ранг посмертно мужским или женским предкам
Comments: ?Cf. PA *ŋĭ̀ndó 'dog'.
Radical: 154
Four-angle index: 7261
Karlgren code: 0139 |d ́
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: xiè
Preclassic Old Chinese: hat
Classic Old Chinese: hat
Western Han Chinese: hat
Eastern Han Chinese: hat
Early Postclassic Chinese: hat
Middle Postclassic Chinese: hǝt
Late Postclassic Chinese: hǝt
Middle Chinese: xǝt
English meaning : short-muzzled dog ( = 歇)
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 0313 t
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: jì
Preclassic Old Chinese: kēts
Classic Old Chinese: kēć
Western Han Chinese: kjāś
Eastern Han Chinese: kiāś
Early Postclassic Chinese: kiēś
Middle Postclassic Chinese: kiḕj
Late Postclassic Chinese: kiḕj
Middle Chinese: kìej
English meaning : mad (e.g. dog) [LZ]
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 0279 g
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: xiǎn
English meaning : long-muzzled dog
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: sāo
Preclassic Old Chinese: shāw
Classic Old Chinese: shāw
Western Han Chinese: shāw
Eastern Han Chinese: shāw
Early Postclassic Chinese: shāw
Middle Postclassic Chinese: shāw
Late Postclassic Chinese: shāw
Middle Chinese: sâw
English meaning : fat of swine or dog
Russian meaning[s]: вонючий, зловонный (о запахе крови, мяса); перен. плохой, позорный (напр. о репутации); [sào] 1) стыдить(ся); стыд; 2) рубленое мясо
Comments: Also used for *shāw 'putrid smell', see 鱢. For *sh cf. Xiamen cho1, Fuzhou chɔ1, Jianou chau1.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 130
Four-angle index: 5191
Karlgren code: 1134 e
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: jì
Preclassic Old Chinese: krets
Classic Old Chinese: kreć
Western Han Chinese: krjaś
Eastern Han Chinese: kraś
Early Postclassic Chinese: keś
Middle Postclassic Chinese: kèj
Late Postclassic Chinese: kèj
Middle Chinese: kèj
English meaning : mad (e. g. dog) [LZ]
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 0335 d
bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-comment,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-meaning,
Total of 11 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\yenisey\yenet
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaLVk (~x-,-g)
Meaning: dog team
Ket: alǝk5 / aluk5 , pl. aluk6
Comments: ССЕ 181. Werner 1, 27. Possibly (after Stachowski 1997) borrowed < Ewk. alag < PTM *xala.
Proto-Yenisseian: *čip
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Ket: tīp, pl. taʔp
Yug: čip, pl. čaʔp
Kottish: alšip, pl. alšáp "Hund"; (Бол.) penga-alčip "bitch", alčip "dog", iga-alčip "male dog"; асс. alčip (М., Сл., Кл.), alšip (Кл.)
Arin: ílčap (М., Сл., Кл.) "dog"; (Лоск.) pinbilšaba "bitch", araulšeb "male dog", ilčep "dog"
Comments: ССЕ 217. Phonetically unclear is Pump. (Кл., Сл.) ci 'dog'. Cf. also Ket ta:ĺ, Yug čafɨr3 "dog food". Werner 2, 269 *t'ip.
yenet-meaning,yenet-meaning,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\sinocauc\buruet
Common Burushaski: *huk
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: dog
Yasin: huk
Hunza: huk
Nagar: huk
buruet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\sinocauc\basqet
Proto-Basque: *saku-r̄
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 dog 2 big dog 3 little dog, puppy
Bizkaian: txakur 1
Gipuzkoan: zakur 2, txakur 3, (Goierri) 1
High Navarrese: (Lezaka) zakur 1, 2, (Lezaka) xakur 3, txakur 3
Low Navarrese: xakur 3
Salazarese: zakur 2
Lapurdian: xakur 3
Baztanese: zakur 2, xakur, txakur 3
Zuberoan: txákür 3
Roncalese: zakur 2, xakur 3
Comments: *čakur̄ / *šakur̄ was originally the diminutive form, but has lost that connotation in some dialects and become the default word for 'dog'. With metathesis, cf. Sp. cachorro 'puppy', Port. cachorro 'dog' (hardly < Lat. catulus!).
Proto-Basque: *hor
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dog
Bizkaian: (arc) or
Low Navarrese: hor, or
Lapurdian: or
Zuberoan: hor, ho
Comments: An archaic word for 'dog': cf. PEC (oblique base) *χ_Hwĕj-rV- 'dog'. In Bsq it is largely supplanted by *saku-r̄ (q.v.).
basqet-meaning,basqet-comments,basqet-meaning,basqet-comments,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\austr\austr
Proto-Austric: *ʔcU
Meaning: dog
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *(ʔǝ)cɔ
Austroasiatic meaning: dog
Proto-Austronesian: *asu
Austronesian meaning: dog
Proto-Thai: ʔcɔ:.A year of dog
Notes: AfAs (SAS)
References: Pou & Jenner 1974a, Peiros 1998, 161, 163.
Proto-Austric: *lVʔr
Meaning: dog
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *lVr
Austroasiatic meaning: dog
Munda parallels: Khr solog
Miao-Yao parallels: *kluC
Proto-Austronesian: *kuli (Ocean.)
References: Peiros 1998, 160 compares MY and WrKhm kluiw 'dog'.
austr-meaning,austr-aame,austr-anme,austr-tai,austr-meaning,austr-aame,austr-bibl,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\aas\aaet
Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *cɔ ̃ *cǝ[ʔ]ɔ
Meaning: dog
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: ʔcɔ:.A year of dog
Proto-Katuic: *cɔ
Proto-Bahnaric: *cɔ
Khmer: OK co < VN
Proto-Pearic: *chɔ.N / *chɔ.C
Proto-Vietic: *cɔʔ, ʔǝ-
Proto-Palaungic: *shoʔ
Proto-Khmu: *sɔʔ
Khasi: kseu
Proto-Aslian: *cɔʔ
References: Kh 734
Proto-Austro-Asiatic: lVr
Meaning: dog
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Proto-Monic: *lur
Proto-Austro-Asiatic: ʔVʔ
Meaning: dog
Proto-Palaungic: De ʔa ʔoʔ
Proto-Aslian: KEN ʔeʔ
aaet-meaning,aaet-thai,aaet-meaning,aaet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\aas\katuic\katet
Proto-Katuic: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: ʔǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *cɔ
Proto-East Katuic: *cɔ
References: P-44; TK2.97
Proto-Katuic: *Tek / *tɔk
Meaning: fox, dog
Presyllable: ʔǝ-
Proto-East Katuic: *tek / *tɔk
References: 0
katet-meaning,katet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\aas\katuic\wkatet
Proto-West Katuic:
Meaning: to call (dogs)
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Kui: ntâ:ʔ.B
Kui meaning: to call (dogs)
Proto-West Katuic:
Meaning: muzzle (of dog)
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: buap
Bru Van Keu meaning: muzzle (of dog)
Proto-West Katuic: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: ʔǝ-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: ʔacɔ
Bru Van Keu meaning: dog
So: ʔacâ:
So meaning: (TL)
Bru: ʔǝcâ:.N
Bru meaning: dog
Sou: ʔacɔ:
Kui: ʔǝcâ:.N
Kui meaning: dog
Kuay: ʔacâ:.N
Kuay meaning: dog
Ngeu: ʔǝcɔ:.N
Ngeu meaning: dog
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-kuime,wkatet-meaning,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-meaning,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-brume,wkatet-kuime,wkatet-kuayme,wkatet-nyeume,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\aas\katuic\ekatet
Proto-East Katuic: *tek / *tɔk
Meaning: fox, dog
Presyllable: ʔǝ-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Taojh: atek.T
Taojh meaning: fox (PT-132)
Lao Katu: ʔatek
Lao Katu meaning: fox
Katu dialects (1): ʔǝtɔk
Katu dialects (3): atɔk
Katu meaning: white and brown dog size animal
Proto-East Katuic: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: ʔǝ- / #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Pakoh: ʔǝcɔ:
Pakoh meaning: dog
Taojh: acɔ
Taojh meaning: dog (PT-137)
Lao Katu:
Lao Katu meaning: dog
Ngeq: cakɛ cɔ
Ngeq meaning: dog
Chatong: ʔacɔ:
Triw: ʔacɔ:
Dakkan dialects (1): ʔacâ:
Dakkan dialects (2): hǝcɔ:
Dakkan meaning: dog
Katu dialects (2): ʔacɔ
Katu dialects (3): acâ
Katu meaning: dog
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-katme,ekatet-meaning,ekatet-pakme,ekatet-taome,ekatet-lkame,ekatet-ngeme,ekatet-dkme,ekatet-katme,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\aas\bahnar\banet
Proto-Bahnaric: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Bahnar: kɔʔ sɔ:
Bahnar meaning: wolf
Proto-North Bahnaric: *co.T
Proto-South Bahnaric: *sɔ
Proto-West Bahnaric: *cɔ
Proto-Northwest-Bahnaric: *cɔ
Harak: cɔ:
Cua: sɔ:
References: JS-403, TB2.90
Proto-Bahnaric:
Meaning: dog
Bahnar: kɔʔ
Bahnar meaning: dog
banet-meaning,banet-meaning,banet-bahme,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\bahnar\nobet
Proto-North-Bahnaric: *co.T
Meaning: dog
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Rengao form: co.T
Rengao meaning: dog
Jeh form: cow.T
Jeh meaning: dog
Sedang form: cɔ.T
Sedang meaning: dog
Mo'dra: co.T
Didra: co.T
References: GS-52
nobet-meaning,nobet-renme,nobet-jehme,nobet-sedme,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\bahnar\sobet
Proto-South Bahnaric: *sɔ
Meaning: dog
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Chrau form: sɔ:
Chrau meaning: dog
Stieng form: sow
Stieng meaning: dog
References: SBS-400
sobet-meaning,sobet-chrme,sobet-stime,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\bahnar\webet
Proto-West- Bahnaric: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jaru form: cɔ:
Jaru meaning: dog
Lavi: cɔ:
Juk: cɔ:
Nhaheung form: cɔ:
Nhaheung meaning: dog
Brao form: câ:
Brao meaning: dog
References: JS-403
webet-meaning,webet-jrme,webet-nhame,webet-brame,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\bahnar\nwbet
Proto-North-West- Bahnaric: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Tariang: cɔ:
Kaseng: cɔ:
Yaeh: cɔ:
nwbet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\bahnar\haret
Proto-Harak: *cɔ
Meaning: dog
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Harak: cɔ:
Alak: cɔ:
haret-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\pearet
Proto-Pearic: *chɔ.N / *chɔ.C
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Chong: chɔ:.A
Chong meaning: dog
Song: chɔ:.A
Song meaning: dog
Kasong: chɔ:.B
Kasong meaning: dog
Samre: chɔ:.C
Samre meaning: dog; kacɔ:.C civet cat
References: H-449: *c(ɔ)ʔ
pearet-meaning,pearet-chngme,pearet-songme,pearet-kasme,pearet-smrme,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\vimet
Proto-Viet-Muong: *cɔʔ
Meaning: dog
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: chó
Thomon: cɔ.343ʔ
Tum: cɔ.212
vimet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\monet
Proto-Monic: *lur
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: Cǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: kluiw
Nyakur: sur
Nyakur meaning: dog
References: N-16; S-114
monet-meaning,monet-tcme,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\aas\plwaic\pawaet
Proto-Palaung-Wa: *shoʔ
Meaning: dog
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-Wa: *soʔ
Proto-Plang: *s[h]oʔ
Riang: soʔ.1
Riang meaning: dog
Proto-Angku: *ṣɔʔ
Lamet: sɔʔ.1 dog
Danaw: co.1
Proto-Palaung-Wa:
Meaning: dog
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-De'ang: *ʔo:k
Riang: jɔʔ.T
Riang meaning: dog, puppy
pawaet-meaning,pawaet-rimeam,pawaet-lamet,pawaet-meaning,pawaet-rimeam,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\plwaic\prwaet
Proto-Wa:
Meaning: dog
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
Paraok: soʔ
Paraok meaning: dog
Wa: soʔ
Wa meaning: dog
Ava: sɔʔ
Lawa: sɔʔ
Lawa meaning: dog
Um: sɔʔ
Wa (dial.): soʔ.1
Wa (dial.) meaning: dog
References: D-111: *sɔʔ
prwaet-meaning,prwaet-praokme,prwaet-mengme,prwaet-lawame,prwaet-gsme,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\plwaic\prplet
Proto-Plang: *soʔ
Meaning: dog
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
Bulang: soʔ.1
Bulang meaning: dog
Bulang-1: so.51
Bulang-1 meaning: dog
Konto: suʔ.1
Konto meaning: dog
Samtao (Paulsen): shoʔ.1 I??
Samtao (Paulsen) meaning: dog
Samtao (Diffloth): soʔ.1
Samtao (Diffloth) meaning: dog
References: P-99: *shuʔ.1
prplet-meaning,prplet-manme,prplet-sblme,prplet-kontme,prplet-sapme,prplet-sadme,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\plwaic\prdeet
Proto-De'ang: *ʔo:k
Meaning: dog
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
De'ang: YN: ʔǝʔüʔ; WW: ʔaʔoʔ
De'ang-1: sʌuʔ < LO?
De'ang-2: ʔoʔ.2
References: WW-80; YN188
prdeet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\plwaic\pranet
Proto-Angku: *ṣɔʔ
Meaning: dog
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
Pangpin: chɔʔ.55
Shuangdiang: ćhɔ.31
Gantang: ṣo.55
Yongde: ço.55
Mang'an: ćhɔʔ.55
U: so.2
Hu: sɔʔ.1
Huq: sɔʔ.55
Khamet: sɔʔ.53
Khme: sɔʔ.53
References: WW-80; S-111
pranet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\aas\kmuet
Proto-Khmu: *sɔʔ
Meaning: dog
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Laos Khmu: sɔʔ
Laos Khmu meaning: dog
China Khmu: sɔ:ʔ
China Khmu meaning: dog
Vietnam Khmu: sɔʔ
Vietnam Khmu meaning: dog
Thailand Khmu: sɔʔ.L
Thailand Khmu meaning: dog
References: SP123
kmuet-meaning,kmuet-lakme,kmuet-chkme,kmuet-vnkme,kmuet-thkme,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\aas\asliet
Proto-Aslian: *cɔʔ
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Meaning: dog
Semelai:
Semoq Beri:
Jahai: ʔǝciʔ
Jah-Hut: cwǝʔ
Semai: co:ʔ
Temiar: cǝwɔʔ
Proto-Aslian:
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Meaning: dog
Kensiw: ʔeʔ
asliet-meaning,asliet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
\data\thai\kdaiet
Number: 262
Meaning: dog
Proto-Zhuang-Tai: *hma.A
Ong Be: ma.4
Proto-Kam-Sui: *hŋwa.A
Lakkia: khwɔ̃.1
Biao: ma.3
Li (Baoding): *ma.1
References: TKL: 283; P-1989: 68.
kdaiet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\thai\zhtet
Proto-Zhuang-Tai: *hma.A
Meaning: dog
Thai-Kadai etymology: Thai-Kadai etymology
Siamese: hma.A
Longzhou Zhuang: ma.1
Bouyei (Po-ai): ma.1
References: LFK: 75.
zhtet-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
\data\thai\kamset
Proto-Kam-Sui: *hŋwa.A
Proto-Kam-Sui (Thurg.): *k-hma.1
Meaning: dog
Thai-Kadai etymology: Thai-Kadai etymology
Mulam: hŋwa.1
Kam (Southern Dong): hŋwa.1
Then: ma.1
Maonan: ma.1
Standard Sui: hma.1
Lingam Sui: hma.1
Mak: hma.1
Jinhua: hma.1
References: L: 81; T: 211; TKL: 283.
kamset-meaning,



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 4 records
\data\bush\khoiet
Proto-Khoisan : *||ɣaʔrV
Meaning : wild dog
Proto-Bushman : *||ɣaʔra
Proto-Khoe : *||ɣaru
Proto-Khoisan : *tVqV [~]
Meaning : dog
Proto-Bushman : *ǂq_hɔ-
Sandawe : *gwece (?)
Notes : The Sandawe connection is very tentative; really just a Peripheral Khoisan root (although a good common one).
Proto-Khoisan : *kaka [~]
Meaning : dog
Sandawe : *kāka
Notes : A Sandawe-only form.
Proto-Khoisan : *||aʔano [~]
Meaning : dog
Hadza : *||aʔano
Notes : Encountered only in Hadza. If the lateral click is disregarded, then the root *kan- 'dog' is quite widely spread in that part of Africa (and outside Africa, as well): similar forms are found in Omotic, Shabo, Koman, etc.
khoiet-meaning,khoiet-meaning,khoiet-meaning,khoiet-meaning,khoiet-notes,
Total of 4 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 5 records
\data\bush\bshet
Number : 53
Proto-Bushman : *ǂq_hɔ-
Meaning : dog
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *ɡǂʰo-e ~ *ɡǂʰo-ĩ
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ǂqhà
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *ǂhɔ-in
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : Represented in both SK and NK only in conjunction with different (most often frozen) class markers: *ǂq_hɔ-i(ŋ), *ǂq_hɔ-e, *ǂq_hɔ-a.
Number : 54
Proto-Bushman : *te- (?)
Meaning : dog
ǂHoan : *ćema
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Notes : Isolated ǂHoan form.
Number : 563
Proto-Bushman : 1ɣu- (?)
Meaning : dog (wild)
Proto-Ju : *ɡǀxʼu
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ɡǂxū
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Notes : Irregular efflux (not influx) correspondences. Alternatively cf. PNK *ǀn̥ùní "wild dog".
Number : 731
Proto-Bushman : *sa (?)
Meaning : to set a dog on someone
Proto-Ju : *saˤ
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *sáu
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Notes : Unclear pharyngealization in PNK.
Number : 831
Proto-Bushman : *ǀǀɣaʔra
Meaning : to sniff (of wild dog)
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Taa : *ɡǀǀxāʔra
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Notes : An isolated Taa form with CK correlates.
bshet-meaning,bshet-meaning,bshet-meaning,bshet-notes,bshet-meaning,bshet-meaning,
Total of 5 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 10 records
\data\bush\nkhet
Proto-Ju: *saˤ
Tonal pattern: XX [j]
Meaning: to set (a dog on someone)
Peripheral Khoisan etymology: Peripheral Khoisan etymology
Juǀʼhoan : sȁˤ
Kavango : sàű
References : Dickens 262; Heikkinen 1986.
RefLex number: 1386
Proto-Ju: *ɡǀxʼu
Tonal pattern: LH [j] ~ HH [k] ~ HH [e]
Meaning: African wild dog
Peripheral Khoisan etymology: Peripheral Khoisan etymology
Juǀʼhoan : ɡǀxʼùú (n2 -si)
Juǀʼhoan (Snyman): ɡǀxʼuu
ǀǀAuǀǀen : ɡǀwa
!Kung (Lloyd) : ɡǀú "a certain wild beast that eats the buck and is ridden by the ǀxwe"
Kavango : ɡǀxʼű
Ekoka : ɡǀxʼú
Tsumkwe : ɡǀxʼùú
Tsintsabis : ǀxʼùù
Okongo : ǀxʼùù
Leeunes : ǀxʼúu
South Omatako : ɡǀxʼùu
North Omatako : ɡǀxʼùú
Kameeldoring : ɡǀxʼùú
Lister : ɡǀxʼùú
Notes : The //Au//en stem probably reflects a different morphological formation (*ɡǀxʼu-a).
References : Bleek 282, 284; Dickens 204; Heikkinen 1986; KH 130; Snyman 58; Snyman 1997: 45.
RefLex number: 299
Proto-Ju: *ɡǂʰo-e ~ *ɡǂʰo-ĩ
Tonal pattern: HH [j] ~ MM [k] ~ MM [e]
Meaning: dog
Peripheral Khoisan etymology: Peripheral Khoisan etymology
Juǀʼhoan : ɡǂʰṹĩ́ ~ ɡǂʰóá // ɡǂʰṹĩ́-ɡ!ã̀ũ̀-ɡ!ánú (n3 -si) "rainbow"; ɡǂʰṹĩ́-mà, pl. ɡǂʰúí-mʰí "puppy"
Juǀʼhoan (Snyman): ɡǂʼʰwĩ ~ ɡǂʼʰwa
ǀǀAuǀǀen :
!Kung (Lloyd) : ǂwé ~ ǂʰwé
!Kung (Doke): ǂʼʰwiː ~ ŋǂʼʰwiː
!Kung (Vedder): ɡǂɔ́e
!O!Kung (Bleek) : ǂwé
Kavango : ɡǂʰóe
Ekoka : ɡ!̯ʰōē
Tsumkwe : ɡǂʰòa
Tsintsabis : ǂʰóe
Okongo : ǂʰóe
Leeunes : ɡǂʰòe
Mpunguvlei : ǂʰóe ~ ǂʰólé
Cuito : !ʰólé ~ ǂʰólé
Cuando : !ʰólé ~ ǀǀʰólé ~ ǂʰólé
South Omatako : ɡǂʰòe
North Omatako : ɡǂʰũi
Kameeldoring : ɡǂʰòe
Lister : ɡǂʰòa
Notes : Class 1. The two forms - *ɡǂhoĩ and *ɡǂhoe - probably reflect two old stems of the same root. Note that the morphological structure of *ɡǂho-ĩ = Proto-!Wi *ǂkhɔ-in.
References : Bleek 151, 436, 648, 652, 662, 666; Dickens 207; Heikkinen 1986; KH 131; Snyman 3, 53; Snyman 1997: 46.
RefLex number: 354
Proto-Ju: √čam
Tonal pattern: HH [j]
Meaning: to wag the tail (of dog)
Peripheral Khoisan etymology: Peripheral Khoisan etymology
Juǀʼhoan : čám-čàm
References : Dickens 267.
RefLex number: 1459
Proto-Ju: √kam
Tonal pattern: HL [j]
Meaning: to wag the tail (of dog)
Juǀʼhoan : kám-kàm
References : Dickens 224.
RefLex number: 701
Proto-Ju: √ɳǀʰuni
Tonal pattern: LH [j]
Meaning: wild dog
Juǀʼhoan : ɳǀʰùní (n2)
Juǀʼhoan (Snyman): ɳǀʼʰuni
References : Dickens 240; Snyman 62.
RefLex number: 981
Proto-Ju: √ɡ!aˤʔm
Tonal pattern: XX [j]
Meaning: to growl (of a lion, dog etc.)
Juǀʼhoan : ɡ!ȁˤʔm-ɡ!ȁˤʔm
References : Dickens 1994: 210.
RefLex number: 440
Proto-Ju: √ɳ!ʰaba
Tonal pattern: XL [j]
Meaning: to snap (at, of a dog etc.)
Juǀʼhoan : ɳ!ʰȁbà
References : Dickens 251.
RefLex number: 1181
Proto-Ju: √ǀǀana
Tonal pattern: LL [j]
Meaning: to flick the tongue (of snake), wag the tail (of dog)
Juǀʼhoan : ǀǀàã̀=ǀǀànà
References : Dickens 327.
RefLex number: 2555
Proto-Ju: √ǀǀxʼau
Tonal pattern: HH [j]
Meaning: African wild dog
Juǀʼhoan : ɡǀǀxʼáúhí (n2 -si)
References : Dickens 1994: 216.
RefLex number: 585
nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,nkhet-meaning,
Total of 10 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 6 records
\data\bush\xooet
Proto-Taa : *ɡ||xāʔra
Meaning : to sniff about (as a dog or hyena)
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
!Xoong : ɡ||xāʔla
References : Traill 111.
Proto-Taa : *ɡ||kxàbu
Meaning : to snap (as a dog), grab at
!Xoong : ɡ||kxʔàbu
References : Traill 113.
Proto-Taa : *ɡǂxū
Meaning : hunting dog
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
!Xoong : ɡǂxūi 1 II, pl. ɡǂxūa-tê 4 II
References : Traill 137.
Proto-Taa : *ǂqhà
Stems : *ǂqhà-i
Meaning : dog
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
!Xoong : ǂqhài 1 II, pl. ǂqhàba-tê 4 II
Masarwa : ǂxai, !xai, !xiti, !kai, ǂgi, ǂxī
|Nu//en : ǂkhi
!Xoong derivates : ǂqhài ɳ|ūhńa "lit. dogʔs nostril, i.e. a dirty elbow"
References : Bleek 104, 400, 405, 433, 467, 495, 496, 499, 500, 600, 646, 661, 662, 663, 677, 678, 680; Traill 137, 141.
Proto-Taa : *tàh
Meaning : pad (of lion or dog), ball of the human foot, thickened part of hand near the thumb
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
!Xoong : tàhi 1 II, pl. tàhba-tê 4 II
References : Traill 155.
Proto-Taa : *sáu
Meaning : to set a dog onto
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
!Xoong : sáu kV
References : Traill 185.
xooet-meaning,xooet-meaning,xooet-meaning,xooet-meaning,xooet-xoo_der,xooet-meaning,xooet-meaning,
Total of 6 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\bush\xamet
Proto-!Wi : *ǂhɔ-in
Meaning : dog
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
|Xam : !kwíṅ (B.); !kŭ̥iṅ, !kŭ́iṅ, !khu̥iṅ (Ll.)
//Ng : !kwiŋ
N|huki : ǂun, ǂuń
#Khomani : ǂʔʌn "dog" (Dk.)
//Kxau : ǂhuni
//Ku//e : !wiŋ, !inji
Seroa : kuenia
//Xegwi (Batwa) : ||kwi, !xẽ; ƛhwiŋ (LH)
|Auni : ǂkɔ̃ɔ̃
|Haasi : ǂhaŋ
References : Bleek 104, 400, 405, 433, 467, 495, 496, 499, 500, 600, 646, 661, 662, 663, 677, 678, 680; LHa 112; Meinhof 1929: 186; NFn; Story 21.
Proto-!Wi : *||xuri
Meaning : wild dog
N|huki : ||xuri
References : NFn.
xamet-meaning,xamet-khom,xamet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\bush\hoanet
Proto-#Hoan : *ɳ!oa-|qhe
Meaning : wild dog
#Hoan : ɳ!noa-|qhe (CF)
References : Cornell Files.
Proto-#Hoan : *ćema
Meaning : dog
Bushman etymology : Bushman etymology
#Hoan : kyeama (C.); ceāma, ciāma (T.); cēma /Tsia/, t̰ēma /Bodungwe/ (T)
References : Collins 2001: 457; Traill 1973: 29; Traill 1980: 175.
hoanet-meaning,hoanet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\bush\ckhet
Proto-Khoe : *ábà
Meaning : dog
West Khoe : *ábà
East Khoe : *ábà
Notes : Cf. Bantu *-búà.
References : Baucom 5; Vossen 453.
Proto-Khoe : *àrì
Meaning : dog
Khoekhoe : *ari
West Khoe : *arV-
References : Vossen 453.
Proto-Khoe : *||ɣaru
Meaning : wild dog
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
West Khoe : *||(ɣ)aru
East Khoe : *||ɣaru
References : Vossen 507.
ckhet-meaning,ckhet-meaning,ckhet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 6 records
\data\bush\kkhet
Proto-Khoekhoe : *ari
Meaning : dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
Nama : ari-
!Ora : ʔàrì-b; arina (Wu.)
Notes : Griqua ʔali-b (Dirk Kok), ʔari-b (Waterbur).
References : Haacke 4; Meinhof 79, 147; Rust 7; Wuras 20.
Proto-Khoekhoe : *!au
Meaning : wild dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
Nama : !gau-b; !gou-b (R.)
References : Haacke 97; Rust 129.
Proto-Khoekhoe : *!habi
Meaning : to set (dog) on somebody, incite (to fight)
Nama : !hawi, !habi; !hawi (R.)
References : Haacke 102; Rust 171.
Proto-Khoekhoe : *!ʔu (*!kx-)
Meaning : to whine, howl (of dog)
Nama :
References : Haacke 95.
Proto-Khoekhoe : *|i
Meaning : to incite, instigate, set (dog) on/at
Nama : |gī
References : Haacke 60.
Proto-Khoekhoe : *xari
Meaning : to scoop (out), scratch (of chicken, dog)
Nama : xari
References : Haacke 48.
kkhet-meaning,kkhet-meaning,kkhet-meaning,kkhet-meaning,kkhet-meaning,kkhet-meaning,
Total of 6 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 3 records
\data\bush\wkhet
Proto-West Khoe : *ábà
Meaning : dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
Kxoe (Hukwe) : áapa; ʔápȧ (Kö.); âpa (Bau.)
Buga : ʔápà
|Ganda : ʔápà
Naro : aoókù, auúgù (Ba.)
|Gwi : aba (Ta.)
//Gana : ʔábà
Notes : According to Vossen, the -p- in Buga, etc. is irregular.
References : Barnard 42; KH; Tanaka 29; Vossen 453.
Proto-West Khoe : *arV-
Meaning : dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
//Ani : ʔérìkù
Kxoe (Hukwe) : ălīkō (W.) (?)
Naro : arugu (Schi.)
|Gwi : hárúgù; arugu (Ta.)
#Haba : hǎrúgù
References : Bleek 9, 11; Tanaka 29; Vossen 150, 167.
Proto-West Khoe : *||(ɣ)aru
Meaning : wild dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
Naro : ||à̰dṵ́ (V.); ||aru (Ba.)
|Gwi : ||xádú
//Gana : ||ádù; ǂkaru (Ta.)
#Haba : ||ádú
Notes : Unclear ||x- in |Gwi.
References : Barnard 38; Tanaka 112; Vossen 507.
wkhet-meaning,wkhet-meaning,wkhet-meaning,
Total of 3 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\bush\ekhet
Proto-East Khoe : *ábà
Meaning : dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
|Xaise : ʔábà
Deti : ʔábá
Cara : ʔábà
Tsixa : ʔábá
Danisi : ʔábá
Kua : ʔábà
Tsua : ʔábà
Hietshware : aba
Sehura : aba
Mohissa : aba
References : Bleek 5; Dornan 80; Vossen 453.
Proto-East Khoe : *||ɣaru
Meaning : wild dog
Khoe etymology : Khoe etymology
Deti : ||àdú
Tsixa : hàdú
Danisi : hàdú
Kua : ||xádú
Tsua : ||xàdù
References : Vossen 507.
ekhet-meaning,ekhet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\bush\sanet
Proto-Sandawe : *gwece
Meaning : wild dog
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Sandawe : gwece (K.); gwetse (Kim.)
References : Kagaya 85; Kimmenade 40.
Proto-Sandawe : *kāka
Meaning : dog
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Sandawe : k̥ā́k̥à (E.); kaaka (K.); káka (Kim.); káákà (TBW)
References : Elderkin 1983: 507; Kagaya 89; Kimmenade 79; TBW 305.
sanet-meaning,sanet-meaning,
Total of 2 records



Unknown field name in query.
Total of 2 records
\data\bush\hadet
Proto-Hadza : *mbugida
Meaning : wild dog
Hadza : mbugida (E.)
References : Elderkin.
Proto-Hadza : *||aʔano
Meaning : dog
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Hadza : ||k"a=a=no (B.); k||áʔano- (S.); ||háʔanò, ||háʔanò-ko, ||áʔano-wa (Tc.)
Notes : Cf. Proto-Afro-Asiatic *kʷahin- 'dog' (e. g. Shinasha kana, Jegu kany, etc.).
References : Bleek 602; Sands 187; Tucker.
hadet-meaning,hadet-meaning,hadet-notes,
Total of 2 records

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