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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *ʔa (*ʔe)
Meaning: that, this (prob. *Ha that, *He this)
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *e-n-, *o-n- (also *e- in Hitt. and IIr.)
Altaic: *é (perhaps *a / *e mixed)
Uralic: *a- (in UEW together with *o ~ *u), *e-
Kartvelian: *ha- (also *e-)
Dravidian: *a-/*ā
Eskimo-Aleut: *aɣǝ-
References: ND 751 *ha, 752 *h[e].
Eurasiatic: *ʔa ?
Meaning: to be
Borean: Borean
Altaic: Mong. *a- ?
Dravidian: *ā-/*an-
References: ND 2 *ʔa, 107 *ʕ/ʔaʔV (the roots are hardly different).
Eurasiatic: *ʔabV
Meaning: to defend (cf. 147)
Altaic: *ā̀bi
Uralic: BF *apV 'help'
References: ND 1880 *qapuRV 'protect, help' ( + Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔacwV
Meaning: father, ancestor
Altaic: *ăčV
Uralic: *äćä (cf. also *ićä; *iśV)
Dravidian: *áǯǯ-
Eskimo-Aleut: *acaɣ
References: ND 797 *Hać̣/ĉ̣[i] 'father, ancestor'. Cf. also Ur. *ćečä 'uncle' - probably just reduplicated, but Dolg. ND 2145 *seǯA compares it with Kartv. *śiʒ́e- 'son-in-law' (+ some ECush.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔaḳa
Meaning: to open, spread
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ák`à
Dravidian: *agál-
Eurasiatic: *ʔaḳV
Meaning: elder brother or sister
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ā́k`V (+ *ĕk`a 422)
Uralic: *ekä
Dravidian: *ak-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'eke ?
References: Ndr 15 *ʔaga 'uncle, elder person'; 21 *ʔaḲa 'grandfather, elder relative' (a hardly justified distinction).
Eurasiatic: *ʔalV
Meaning: beautiful
Altaic: *àlu
Dravidian: *al-ar-
Eurasiatic: *ʔamV
Meaning: night, sleep
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: ? *ām- 'love'
Altaic: *ā̀mV
Uralic: *amV
Kartvelian: Georg. am- 'quieten, calm'
Dravidian: SDr *amar- 'be quiet, calm' (144)
References: ND 805 *.am[U] 'be quiet, enjoy' (w/o Ur.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔanKV
Meaning: snake
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *angʷ-i-
Kartvelian: ? Georg. anḳara
References: ND 53 *ʔEŋU (+ SH).
Eurasiatic: *ʔanqV
Meaning: to breathe
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *anǝ- 'breathe' (Pok. 38-39)
Altaic: Turk. *aŋkɨ- 'emit odour' ( > Mong. aŋgi-l-)
Uralic: ?BF *aŋe 'spirit, ghost'
Eskimo-Aleut: *anuqǝ (*-rq-?)
References: (МССНЯ 340, ОСНЯ 1, 261); ND 56 *ʔaŋq[i] 'breathe' - compares also Sem. *ʔnχ 'sigh, moan'.
Eurasiatic: *ʔanV
Meaning: to hold, seize
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ā́ni
Dravidian: *ān-
Eurasiatic: *ʔaPsV ( ~ -š-, -c`-)
Meaning: aspen
Indo-European: *ap[u]s-
Altaic: Turk. *absak
References: Ndr 10 *ʔać̣PV (comparing also PSem *c̣apc̣ap- 'willow').
Eurasiatic: *ʔarV
Meaning: member of the clan
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ar(y)- <PIH *a->
Altaic: *ā́ri ( ~ *ḗra)
Uralic: *arV (*arwa)
Dravidian: *ēr_- (*-d_-)
References: ND 67 *ʔarV; 781 *he(y)r[E] 'male' (hardly separatable) (in 1881 *q[ä]rV 'ox' Drav. is compared with Kartv. *qar- 'bull, ox' and some East Cush.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔarV
Meaning: back
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ors- <PIH *o-> Or *org'h-i- <PIH *o-> 2862
Altaic: *ằra
Dravidian: SDr *ar- 'waist, loins'
Eskimo-Aleut: *aqru ( < *ar-qu?)
References: ND 145 *ʡar.(w)u.
Eurasiatic: *ʔaṭV
Meaning: fish
Indo-European: *at-/*et-
Altaic: Manch., Mong. atu 'female fish'
Dravidian: *aḍál- ~ *aḍáv-
References: ND 153 *ʡaṭ[u] (also comparing Ug. ʕṭ 'fish' and Eg. ʕdw); 2609 *X[o]ṭ[i] 'fish' (same IE + dub. TM + Ar., Cush.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔe
Meaning: not, negative verb
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *e
Uralic: *e
Dravidian: *-a- 'negative suffix of verbs'
References: ОСНЯ 1, 264-265, NDr 3.
Eurasiatic: *ʔedV
Meaning: host, master
Indo-European: ? Gr. éthnos 'clan'
Altaic: *ĕdV
Dravidian: *ed_- (*-r_-)
References: Ndr 14 *ʔediNV (Alt., Gr.; also adding Sem. *ʔadān- 'lord, pater familias'). Cf. ST *tŏH 'chief, master' and Austric: PAA *tVw 'noble, king', PAN *datu, *qatu(an) 'master, lord'.
Eurasiatic: *ʔedV
Meaning: front, breast
Borean: Borean
Uralic: *eδe
Dravidian: *èd-
References: ND 2563 *XebǯV 'breast' ( + dub. Mong., SH).
Eurasiatic: *ʔelA
Meaning: to be, live
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ēlV; + *ilV 'to stand, become'
Uralic: *elä-; *le (476)
Kartvelian: *el- [but Kartv. *xl- 'to be near' is probably < 'to be in front', see *HalV]
Dravidian: *il-
References: МССНЯ 332, 341; ОСНЯ 1, 267-268. [Dolg. Ndr 25 *ʔel̄V 'clan, tribe', as well as 2578 [χ]elA 'to dwell, live', also adding some pronominal parallels meaning 'all'; there's also 27 *ʔil[a] 'place to stay, stand' where Dolgopolski attaches Drav. il- and some locative morphemes in various languages; 769 *hil̄[U] 'stand, be, exist' - in general, a lot of confusion].
Eurasiatic: *ʔelV
Meaning: deer
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *el-n-, *el-k'-
Altaic: *ĕlV(-k`V)
Uralic: *ältV
Kartvelian: Svan ilw, dial. il, hil 'roe'
Dravidian: Mlt. ilaru 'the mouse deer', if not metathesed from *iral- (SDR 427)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝlɣʷe- (also *'ǝɫɣʷẹ 'deer')
References: ОСНЯ 1, 272-273, Ndr 26 *ʔEl̄i.
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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