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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`óp`ìra
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: rift (in a river), bridge
Russian meaning: порог, перекат (на реке), мост
Turkic: *köpür, -üg
Mongolian: *köɣürge
Tungus-Manchu: *xupuru
Japanese: *kápárá
Comments: Владимирцов 213, Poppe 127. Despite TMN 3, 586, Щербак 1997, 128, Mong. cannot be borrowed from Turk. Also, despite MT 136, Jurch. hufuru cannot be a Mong. loanword. In Jpn. we would rather expect *kupara; the -a- vocalism is either a result of later assimilation (in a long word), or an influence of *kápá 'river' (different etymologically, see *k`ébà).

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