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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tèmò ( ~ -a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: root; strength, soul
Russian meaning: корень; сила, душа
Turkic: *dạmor
Mongolian: *daŋ-gi ( < *dam-gi)
Japanese: *tàmà
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 285, Лексика 264-265. Mong. tamir 'sinew; strength, force' is borrowed from Turkic (to judge from its phonology; see Щербак 1997, 153); but the comparison with daŋgi 'root' may be accepted only if one assumes a secondary assimilation *dam-gi > daŋgi.

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