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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *apa (*appa)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: father
Russian meaning: отец
Old Turkic: apa (Orkh., OUygh.) 'ancestors'
Karakhanid: apa (MK) 'father, bear' ("Kypch."), (KB) 'ancestor'
Turkish: aba
Tatar: aba (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: awa
Azerbaidzhan: aba (dial.)
Turkmen: aba (dial.)
Khakassian: aba
Oyrat: aba 'father, bear'
Chuvash: oba 'bear'
Tuva: ava
Kirghiz: aba
Bashkir: apa (dial.)
Balkar: appa, aba
Salar: aba (Kakuk), aba, apa (ССЯ)
Comments: EDT 5, VEWT 1, ЭСТЯ 1, 54-58, Федотов 2, 281, Лексика 305, Аникин 71. Сf. also *bāpa 'grandfather, mother's father' (Turkm. bāba etc., see ЭСТЯ 2, 10-13, Лексика 294, 305). Voicing of -p- in many languages is probably due to expressive gemination.

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