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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to go apart, scatter, spread 2 to branch, be forked 3 branch 4 claw 5 finger
Russian meaning: 1 расходиться, рассеиваться, распространяться 2 растопыриваться, разветвляться 3 ветвь 4 лапа 5 палец
Karakhanid: tarmaq 4, tarmaqla- 2, tar- 1 (MK)
Turkish: darga- 1 (dial.)
Tatar: tar- 1 (dial.), tarmaq 3
Middle Turkic: tar- 'to put an end to smth.' (Qutb)
Uzbek: tarvaj- 2, tarmaq 3
Uighur: tarmaq 3
Sary-Yughur: tarmaq 5
Azerbaidzhan: darma-daɣɨn 'scattered'
Turkmen: darɣa- 1
Khakassian: tarba- 2
Chuvash: torat 3
Yakut: tarbax 5, tarɣā- 1
Dolgan: targat- 1 (tr.)
Tuva: darba- 2
Kirghiz: tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
Kazakh: tarmaq 3
Noghai: tarma- 2, tarmaq 3
Bashkir: tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
Karakalpak: tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
Kumyk: tarmaq 3
Comments: VEWT 463, EDT 529, ЭСТЯ 3, 150-151, Дыбо 312, Лексика 256, Федотов 2, 251, Stachowski 218. Widely spread modern Kypchak forms like Kirgh. tara-, tarqa- 'to become scattered' etc. are most probably < Mong. tara-, tarqa- (see under *t`ájri), since the (rather scanty) Oghuz evidence points to *d-, so Clauson (EDT 529) may be right in thinking that there is no etymological connection between PT *dar- and Mong. tara-, tarqa- 'disperse'. It is also probable that the common Turkic derivatives *darma- 'to scrape, rake up; to scatter, disperse in different directions', as well as *dara- 'to comb' (ЭСТЯ 3, 147-149, Stachowski 217) can belong here - although both roots tend to contaminate actively with PT *dɨrŋa- 'to scrape' (q. v. sub *či̯ŭru).

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