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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *x_ä̆nɦɨ̆
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: water
Proto-Nakh: *χi
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʎ:inʔi
Proto-Tsezian: *ʎ:ɨ̃ B
Proto-Lak: š:in
Proto-Dargwa: *xin
Proto-Lezghian: *ʎ:än:
Proto-Khinalug: xu
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. One of the most widely preserved and stable roots (having, however, left no trace in PWC). See Trubetzkoy 1922, 239.

    Cf. also Hurr. šijǝ 'water, river' (if we suppose a palatalisation *x- > š- before front vowels in HU), see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 49.


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