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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *c̣_wĕnhV ( ~ *c̣_ĕmhV)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: salt
Proto-Nakh: *tuχe
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *c̣:onʔi
Proto-Tsezian: *cɔ̃
Proto-Lak: c̣ʷu
Proto-Dargwa: *c:e
Proto-West Caucasian: *ć̣ǝ
Notes: The original form is probably *c̣_ĕmhV (the WC form shows no trace of labialisation), but most EC languages reflect a form with shifted labialisation. The PN form *tuχe is interesting: it may be related here only if we assume the suffixed nature of *-χe (which is semantically not clear); but in any case the development *tuχe < *cwVn-χV within PN is proved by an early Ossetian loan: cäχχ / cänχä 'salt'.

    The EC forms had been compared by several authors with PWC *ǯ́ǝ (/*č́ǝ) 'salt' (see Mészáros 1934, 287, Klimov 1969, 292, Abdokov 1983, 104); this is, however, not plausible for phonetic reasons, and the comparison with PWC *ć̣ǝ 'salty' seems preferable.


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