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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ćwĭjo
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man, male
Proto-Nakh: *psṭu
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *čVjV
Proto-Tsezian: *ži-ḳʷǝ A/*zi-ḳʷǝ A
Proto-Lak: čuw
Proto-Dargwa: *s:ub
Proto-Lezghian: *š:ʷij
Proto-West Caucasian: *ćǝ / *ć̣ǝ
Notes: One of very widely spread common NC roots. Correspondences are quite regular (Nakh *p- reflects labialisation, while *sṭ is a result of the following -j-). There may have existed an early variant *ćĭwo (or *ćĭwjo) which would account for Nakh forms without *p- (*sṭ-aḳ) and the PWC absence of labialisation.

    A possible HU parallel is *-s(u)wa in Hurr. tar-ž(u)wa-nnǝ, Urart. tar-šua-nǝ 'man, human being' (where *tar- is probably connected with *tur- 'male', see *lɨwŁV); see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 39.


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