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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *č[ŭ]
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: self, oneself (3d-4th class)
Proto-Lak: cu
Proto-Dargwa: *če- / ču-
Proto-Lezghian: *-ič(ʷ)
Proto-West Caucasian: *čʷǝ
Notes: The opposition of *ʒ́ĭ 'self' (1-2 cl., animated) : *čŭ 'self' (3-4th cl., unanimated) is well preserved in PL. Most other languages have preserved only one of these roots.

    The development *č- > c- in Lak. is irregular (typical for pronominal morphemes, cf. *čwi 'who, what' > Lak. cu-, ci-). It is unclear also, whether we should relate here PN *šā '(one)self' (Chech. šā, Ing. še, Bacb. ša-jrwa) - phonetically absolutely irregular [perhaps it should be rather compared with PL *šä- 'demonstr. pronoun, that']. The semantics of the PAT subject version is well explained if we assume its origin from a pronoun; the phonetic side is quite satisfactory.


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