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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *HĕmG_Ă
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to bite
Proto-Nakh: *=aq̇-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *q̇:am- / *q̇:an-
Proto-Tsezian: *=ũq- (~*=ĩqʷ-)
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔeq̇:ɨ-
Proto-Khinalug: q̇ɨn-
Proto-West Caucasian: *q̇IA
Notes: Correspondences are regular. The quality of the initial laryngeal is not quite clear (there is not enough evidence), but it must be reconstructed to account for the PWC pharyngealization.

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