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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=VqV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to suck
Proto-Nakh: *=aq-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=[i]q- / *qV-
Proto-Tsezian: *=aχ- (~-ʁ:-,-ɔ-)
Proto-Lak: t:-iqi-
Proto-Dargwa: *=elq- / *=uq-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔoχʷa
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The consonant *-q- gives more or less regular reflexes (with some variation in Aand.); however, the root vowel is quite impossible to reconstruct. This is due to the expressive nature of the root and, perhaps, to a partial contamination with PEC *ʔuq_wV q.v.

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