Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *k_Hǝ̄ṭwV̄/ *k_wHǝ̄ṭV̄
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short;short-eared (hornless) animal
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ḳʷVṭV
Proto-Tsezian: *ḳɔṭV-
Proto-Lak: kuṭa-
Proto-Dargwa: *kuṭ-
Proto-Lezghian: *k:ʷVIṭV-
Proto-West Caucasian: *k:ǝt:ǝ (~g-,-d-)
Notes: The vocalic reconstruction is not very certain because of labialisation shifts; length is postulated primarily on basis of WC evidence (if the PAA voiced stops really go back to strong stops in PWC). Consonantal correspondences are more or less regular (we should mention only the regressive assimilation in Av.-And.-Tsez. and the delabialisation of the dental stop in PWC: rather frequent phenomena in roots consisting of two stops). Note that Arch. kūṭa- 'short' is obviously a Lak. loan.

    Phonetically a perfect match is Khin. ḳuṭa 'puppy'; since it has no other etymology, it may ultimately belong here, too.

    Both meanings - simply 'short' and 'short-eared (animal)' must be postulated already for PEC, since they keep appearing in different subgroups. However, it is hard to reconstruct a definite meaning for PNC (was it 'short' or a 'short-horned animal' or both?).


List with all references
Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov