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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=ĭŁ_V
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to give
Proto-Nakh: *=aʎ-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=iƛ̣:-
Proto-Tsezian: *-ɨƛ- A
Proto-Lak: 450
Proto-Dargwa: *=(i)k:-/*lVk:-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔiƛ:ɨ-
Proto-Khinalug: =ḳ-ʷi
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The verb usually is used with class prefixes; however, a prefixless stem *ʔĭŁ_V- can also be reconstructed (reflected, with loss of the first syllable, in the PN imperative stem *lo, Av. stem II ƛ̣:e-, PD stem *k:V-). The Ablaut stem *-uŁ_V is reflected in PL *ʔoƛ:ɨ-, Lak. =u=lu- and in some Darg. forms (if we reconstruct here *ū, PTs *-ɨƛ- may also reflect this stem - vs. *-iƛ- < *-ĭŁV). Finally, PN *t-ēʎ- reflects another durative Ablaut stem (without secure parallels in other EC languages).

    Cf. also Hurr., Urart. ar- 'to give' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 51).

    See Trubetzkoy 1922, 242.


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