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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *jamc
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ox
Lezghian: jac
Tabasaran: jic
Agul: bec
Rutul: jas
Tsakhur: jac
Archi: ans
Udi: us
Comment: Cf. also Tab. Düb. jac, Ag. Bursh. jacʷ, Fit. wic, Burk. wec. The original medial nasal *-m- is preserved (as -n- before a sibilant) only in Arch. All other languages have lost it, but Agul has preserved the compensatory labialisation (Proto-Ag. *jawc; in Rich. bec regularly < *wec, cf. the forms in other dialects). All correspondences are regular (including the fronting *a > e in Rich. and Burk. before a hissing affricate, and the development *ja- > *ji- in a closed syllable in Tab.).

    The obl. base can be reconstructed as *jamca- (cf. Rut. jasa-, Tsakh. jaca-, Arch. erg. ansa); 3d class in all class-distinguishing languages.

    See Лексика 1971, 149; Гигинейшвили 1977, 82.


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