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Modern (Beijing) reading: chóu
Preclassic Old Chinese: gu
Classic Old Chinese: gu
Western Han Chinese: gǝw
Eastern Han Chinese: gǝw
Early Postclassic Chinese: giw
Middle Postclassic Chinese: gǝw
Late Postclassic Chinese: gǝw
Middle Chinese: gǝw
English meaning : mate, companion; partner, enemy
Russian meaning[s]: 1) враг, соперник; 2) ненавидеть, мстить; [qiú] 1) пара, чета; 2) Цю (фамилия)
Shuowen gloss: 讎也.從人.九聲.
Comments: The word may be written as 逑 (q.v.) in Shi, which allows us to reconstruct unaspirated *g-. The modern reading chóu is a result of confusion with 讎 *dhu q.v.; regularly qiú would be expected.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 9
Four-angle index: 7728
Go-on: gu
Kan-on: kiu
Shijing occurrences: 7.2_

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