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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *mă(H)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: not
Chinese: *ma not have, not.
Tibetan: ma not.
Burmese: maʔ a verbal negative.
Kachin: maʔ3 be exhausted, ended, šǝmat2 be lost; (H) ma nothing (cf. also mje be lost, gone).
Lushai: KC *maʔ ~ māk' (cf. Lush. ma (māk) to give up, to divorce (one's wife)).
Lepcha: ma 1 for mat used in negative; ma 2 i.q. mă part.neg.
Kiranti: *mV
Comments: Cf. also Tib. min ( < ma-gin) is not; Burm. majʔ have not; OCh. 勿 *mǝt don't, 未 *mǝts not yet, 亡 *maŋ have not. Moshang mu; Namsangia ma; Kanauri ma; Kham ma negative affix; PG *ma'L be lost; BG: Bodo ga-ma disappear, ka-ma to lose, Dimasa gama, kama lose, disappear, perish, khama destroy, Garo mat be spent, gimat destroy; Kham maL become lost; Magari hma, hmat be lost. Ben. 101, Sh. 134, 430.

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