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Modern (Beijing) reading: xióng
Preclassic Old Chinese: whǝm
Classic Old Chinese: whǝm
Western Han Chinese: whǝm
Eastern Han Chinese: whǝm
Early Postclassic Chinese: whim
Middle Postclassic Chinese: whim
Late Postclassic Chinese: whim
Middle Chinese: ɦüŋ
English meaning : black bear (Ursus torquatus)
Russian meaning[s]: 1) зоол. гималайский медведь (Ursus torquatus); 2) Сюн (фамилия)
Comments: Viet. hùm means 'tiger', but is phonetically very close to OC *whǝm 'bear' and probably borrowed from this source; regular Sino-Viet. is hùng. Cf. also Viet. vâm 'elephant'? For *wh- cf. Xiamen him2 (lit. hiɔŋ2), Chaozhou him2, Fuzhou hüŋ2, Jianou xöŋ2 (note the archaic -m-forms).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 86
Four-angle index: 8609
Karlgren code: 0674 a-b
Vietnamese reading: hùm

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